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,living from the sea himself

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Last Updated: 19 December 2020

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On the surface, Old Man and Sea IS a story about a fisherman, Santiago, catching the biggest fish of his life, only to lose it to sharks as he returns to shore. It could easily BE read as a tragedy. Santiago, down on his luck, not having caught fish for 84 days. Beginning and ending, both poor and tire. One could easily think, Give up, Old Man. Its time to move on to other things. Youre too old. You dont have what it takes anymore. At a deeper level level though, this story IS infused with multiple layers of meaning and beauty. It is almost parabolic in the sense that it challenges our definitions of true friendship, faith, and what it means to BE successful. There IS a relationship between a boy, Manolin, and Santiago. Manolin loved Santiago because he taught him to fish. Santiago humbles himself in accepting boys ' help and unconditional love. Manolin, like a student before his master, only wanted to serve Santiago and learn from him. He IS the only one who knows the greatness of Santiago as a fisherman, in spite of everyone's opinions. Manolin has faith that Santiago IS one of the greatest fishermen, and Santiago believes he will catch great fish, in spite of having caught nothing for 84 days. They both display the true essence of faith, If faith IS, as the writer of Hebrews said, assurance of things Hop for, conviction of things not see. To Old Man, being a fisherman IS not about how many fish one catches. It IS a craft. Disposition of spirit. He fish because he must, not care about success, if success means becoming rich from one craft. Santiago's spirit has been shaped by lifetime on the Sea, working in union with her. Not forcing himself upon her like some younger fisherman do with their buoys and motorboats. Santiago let her give herself over to him when she IS ready, calling her la mar, which IS what people call her in Spanish when they love her. Santiago eventually hooks what he knew to be the biggest fish of his life. It soon becomes clear, that even though his intent was to kill Marlin, he had great respect for him as he patiently let him drag his boat across the ocean and away from land. There IS beautiful progression throughout the novel as Santiago gradually confesses his love and admiration for fish. He knew they were brothers. He admitted he does not understand the mystery of mans relationship with that which we do not deserve to kill for sustenance. Maybe it IS stretch, but progression toward the climax of catching fish IS almost sensual. It IS as though Santiago were making love With Sea. Letting Sea consume him and giving himself over entirely to her. He does not fight with fish or the ocean. He Give himself over to both, as lover.

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Mythology

Half-birds, half beautiful maidens, Sirens were singing enchantresses capable of luring passing sailors to their islands, and, subsequently, to their doom. Daughters of river God Achelous and Muse, they were fat to die if anyone should survive their singing. When Odysseus pass them by unharmed, they hurl themselves into the sea and drown. In any case, most agree that they live on three small rocky islands, called Sirenum scopuli by Romans. It was said that the Sirens ' dwelling place was a ghastly sight to behold: great heap of bones lay all around them, with flesh of victims still rotting off dead bodies.


The Myths

Several parents won a lawsuit against the Pennsylvania School District in 2005 that had added the controversial theory of intelligent design to its curriculum. Unlike the theory of evolution, which is taught at most schools as fact-base science, intelligent design-as argued by plaintiffs-was nothing more than philosophy predicated on the Judeo-Christian belief that logical sequences found in nature are not random happenings or surprising mutations, but deftly managed events created by greater omniscient and omnipresent intelligence with specific plan. In short, work of God. Federal judge think otherwise. But therein lie rub: Which God? When the founding fathers established the Constitution of the United States, they chose to include separation of church and state. This was to ensure that state-sanction religious persecutions that plagued much of Europe during the 16 century would not despoil young, yet grand experiment in democracy that was to become this Republic. Scientific research has come a long way since Charles Darwin first posited the concept of natural selection. In intervening years, humanity has learnt much about how we become dominant species on the planet, how Earth and the solar system were formed and the ever-changing development of the Universe. Over that time, how we understand the theory of evolution has also change. Scientists now think that there is intrinsic logic to our reality, that there are absolutes, laws of nature. Much remains a mystery, and as one question is answer, many others arise. The question that faced Pennsylvania's Dover School District was whether or not the imposition of one Creation belief on a multi-ethnic, secular student body is in keeping with law that prohibit creation of state religion. If they allow one belief system to be teach, surely they must also teach others? To help out with this dilemma, LiveScience presents a list of those Creation Myths that help define civilizations both past and present.

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In literature and art

Old Man and Sea contains many of themes that preoccupy Hemingway as a writer and as a man. Routines of life in a Cuban fishing village are evoked in the opening pages with characteristic economy of language. The stripped-down existence of fisherman Santiago is a craft in a spare, elemental style that is as eloquently dismissive as the shrug of old mans powerful shoulders. With age and luck now against him, Santiago knew he must row out beyond all people, away from land and into Gulf Stream, where one last drama would play out, in an empty arena of sea and sky. Hemingway was famously fascinated with the idea of men proving their worth by facing and overcoming the challenges of nature. When Old Man hooks marlin longer than his boat, he is tested to limits as he works the line with bleeding hands in effort to bring it close enough to the harpoon. Through his struggle, Santiago demonstrates the ability of the human spirit to endure hardship and suffering in order to win. It is also his deep love and knowledge of the Sea, in its impassive cruelty and beneficence, that allows him to prevail. The essential physicality of the storythe smells of tar and salt and fish blood, cramp and nausea and blind exhaustion of Old Man, terrifying death spasms of great fishis set against ethereal qualities of dazzling light and water, isolation, and the swelling motion of the sea. And through it all, narrative is constantly tugging, unreeling a little more, and then pulling again, all in tandem with old men's struggle. It is a story that demands to be read in a single sitting. Old Man and Sea was an immediate success and has come to be regarded as one of Hemingway's finest works. It was cite when he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. A hugely popular film adaptation starring Spencer Tracy was released in 1958.

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An unimaginable number

Piscine Molitor Patel is the protagonist and, for most of the novel, narrator. In chapters that frame the main story, Pi, a shy, graying, middle-age man, tells the author about his early childhood and the shipwreck that changed his life. This narrative device distances the reader from the truth. We dont know whether Pis story is accurate or what pieces to believe. This effect is intentional; Throughout Pi emphasizes the importance of choosing a better story, believing that imagination trumps cold, hard facts. As a child, he read widely and embraced many religions and their rich narratives that provide meaning and dimension to life. In his interviews with Japanese investigators after his rescue, he offered first more fanciful version of his time at sea. But, at their behest, he then provides an alternative version that is more realistic but ultimately less appealing to both himself and his questioners. The structure of the novel both illustrates Pis defining characteristic, his dependence on and love of stories, and highlights inherent difficulties in trusting his version of events. Http: / imagec10. 247realmedia. Com / RealMedia / ads / Creatives / default / empty. Gif Though the narrative jumps back and forth in Time, novel traces Pis development and maturation in traditional bildungsroman, or coming-of-age story. Pi is an eager, outgoing, and excitable child, dependent on his family for protection and guidance. In school, his primary concerns involve preventing his schoolmates from mispronouncing his name and learning as much as he can about religion and zoology. But when the ship sinks, Pi is torn from his family and leave alone on a lifeboat with wild animals. Disaster serves as a catalyst in his emotional growth; he must now become self-sufficient. Though he mourns the loss of his family and fears for his life, he rises to challenge. He found survival guide and emergency provisions. Questioning his own values, he decided that his vegetarianism is a luxury under conditions and learns to fish. He capably protects himself from Richard Parker and even assumes parental relationship with the tiger, providing him with food and keeping him in line. A devastating shipwreck turns Pi into an adult, able to fend for himself out in the world alone. Get Help With Your Essay If you need assistance with writing your Essay, our professional Essay writing service is here to help! Find Out more Pis Belief in God inspires him as child and Help sustain him while at sea. In Pondicherry, his atheistic biology teacher challenged his Hindu faith in God, making him realize the positive power of Belief, need to overcome the otherwise bleakness of the universe. Motivate to learn more, Pi starts practicing Christianity and Islam, realizing these religions all share the same foundation: belief in loving higher power. His burgeoning need for spiritual connection deepens while at sea. In his first days on lifeboat, he almost gave up, unable to bear the loss of his family and unwilling to face difficulties that still await him.

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Fishing without a hook

Wait until you see results from this latest study on fishing lures left in fishs mouth! Canadian Grad student Chris Pullen did his thesis project on how long fishing lures / hooks stay in fishs mouths if they leave to fend for themselves. The entire study was done on the Northern Pike. Chris had controlled Fish as well that had no hooks in them to see if they would act differently than Pikes with hooks in their mouth in study, Chris hooked Pike in four different parts of his mouth with color-cod crankbait lures that fit with radio transmitters. He uses these floating crankbaits in a controlled lake. They use BOTH barbed hooks and barbless hooks. They hook fish in multiple places in their mouth: Lower jaw Through BOTH upper and lower jaw together back near top of fishs tongue once hook, Chris released hook fish back into small lake so They could start tracking how Fish react with lures in their mouths. The study was supervised by Dr. Steven Cooke and the Fish Ecology and Conservation Physiology Lab at Carleton University. Field work was done at Queens University Biological Research Station. Here are actual crankbaits he uses in conjunction with Carleton Universitys Cooke Lab:

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Keeping the faith

In moments right after the ship begins to sink and Pi finds himself in water, he realizes two things: Hes lost everyone he love, but his will to survive remains strong. Yet, at the time, Pi did not understand why he would even want to continue living with all this terrible loss. However, as readers come to understand, Pi feels not only an instinctual desire to live, but also strong faith in God, which insists he not give up. Just as he has faith in God, Pi has faith in himself. As sun rises on first full day on lifeboat, Pi discovers with horror that the zebra has been grievously attacked by hyena, but his thoughts soon turn back to his own survival. Pi instinctually understands that he should use up his energy worrying about zebra, who face certain death, and must instead focus on his own needs. He needs to invest all his effort into figuring out how he can increase his own chances of survival. Pi comments on the fact that on the second day in lifeboat, zebra suffers fatal wounds after being attacked by hyena but doesnt die right away. Zebras slow death represent testament to the will of the living body to cling to existence despite injury, pain, and seemingly impossible circumstances. Although the zebra finally succumbs, this scene foreshadows the tenacity to which Pi clings to life in his 277 days as castaway. Pi survived his ordeal through his own hard work and ingenuity. Pis words mark pivotal moments in both the animal and human versions of his story. In the animal version, Richard Parker reveals himself, with Pi feeling doom to have a tiger on board. In the human version, Pis words mark the moment he kills cook, with Pi experiencing darkness of his own nature. In both versions, Pis realization that nothing can get worse allows him freedom to fight with careless abandon to live. In either case, he survives discovery of violence within the boat or within himself. Shortly after Pi discovers Richard Parker aboard lifeboat, he begins to devise his plan for survival. Pi realized that up until then, he had been waiting to be saved by otherswaiting for a ship to come along and find him. But now he resolved to work to earn his own survival, for instance, by fishing for sea life and devising ways to store rainwater. Not only will taking an active role in surviving his ordeal increase his chances for success, but also remaining active will give him purpose and keep him from wallowing in despair.

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Is he telling the truth?

Santiago suffers terribly throughout Old Man and Sea. In the opening pages of the book, he has gone eighty-four days without catching fish and has become the laughingstock of his small village. He then endures a long and grueling struggle with Marlin, only to see his trophy caught destroyed by sharks. Yet, destruction enables Old Man to undergo remarkable transformation, and he wrest triumph and renew life from his seeming defeat. After all, Santiago is an Old Man whose physical existence is almost over, but the reader is assured that Santiago will persist through Manolin, who, like a disciple, awaits old mans teachings and will make use of those lessons long after his teacher has die. Thus, Santiago manages, perhaps, most miraculous feat of all: he finds a way to prolong his life after death. Santiagos commitment to sailing out farther than any fisherman has before, to where big fish promise to be, testifies to the depth of his pride. Yet, it also shows his determination to change his luck. Later, after sharks have destroyed his prize marlin, Santiago chastises himself for his hubris, claiming that it has ruined both marlin and himself. True as this might be, it is only half of the picture, For Santiago, pride also enables him to achieve his most true and complete self. Furthermore, it helps him earn deeper respect of village fishermen and secures him the prized companionship of a boyhe knows that he will never have to endure such an epic struggle again. Santiago's pride is what enables him to endure, and it is perhaps endurance that matters most in Hemingway's conception of the worlda, world in which death and destruction, as part of the natural order of things, are unavoidable. Hemingway seems to believe that there are only two options: defeat or endurance until destruction; Santiago clearly chooses the latter. His stoic determination is mythic, nearly Christ-like in proportion. For three days, he held fast to a line that links him to the fish, even though it cut deeply into his palms, caused crippling cramp in his left hand, and ruined his back. This physical pain allows Santiago to forge connection with marlin that go beyond literal link of line: his bodily aches attest to the fact that he is well match, that fish is a worthy opponent, and that he himself, because he is able to fight so hard, is a worthy fisherman. This connectedness to the world around him eventually elevated Santiago beyond what would otherwise be his defeat. Like Christ, to whom Santiago is unashamedly compared at the end of the novella, old men's physical suffering leads to more significant spiritual triumph.

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Sea Anemones

Sometimes called flowers of the Sea, Sea anemones are actually beautiful animals, closely related to jellyfish and corals. Like jellyfish and corals, anemones belong to the group Cnidarians. The name Cnidaria comes from the Latin cnidae which means nettle. All of the animals within this group have stinging cells which they use for capture of prey and to protect themselves against predators. Sea anemones are simple animals, often attached to hard surfaces such as rocks and boulders. However, there are also burrowing anemones that bury themselves in sand, mud or gravel on the sea floor. Sea anemones have many fascinating methods of reproduction with some species using a combination of techniques. Some, including beadlet and daisy anemones, are vivaporous and reproduce through internal fertilisation, releasing fully form young anemones from their mouths. Most anemones can reproduce asexually through budding, where fragments break off and develop into new individuals. Some stretch themselves along their base and split across the middle, resulting in two new anemones of equal size. This method is called longitudinal fission. In others, small pieces of tissue break from the base forming tiny anemones. This method is called basal laceration. Sea anemones can be found in oceans all over the world, but arguably some of the most beautiful are seen right here in Britain. Our own temperate waters support over 70 species of anenome. BeadLetAnemomeJSewell-300x200. Jpg Beadlet Anemone is one of the most common on rocky shores around the British Isles.

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Sea otters and kelp forests

In kelp forests, most commonly found invertebrates are bristle worms, scud, prawn, snails, and brittle stars. These animals feed on holdfasts that keep kelp anchor to bottom of the ocean and algae that are abundant in kelp forests. Sea urchins will often completely remove kelp plants by eating through their holdfasts. Other invertebrates found in kelp forests are sea stars, anemones, crabs, and jellyfish. A wide range of fish can be found in kelp forests, many of which are important to commercial fishermen. For example, many types of rockfish such as black rockfish, blue rockfish, olive rockfish, and kelp rockfish are found in kelp forests and are important to fishermen. A wide range of marine mammals inhabit kelp forests for protection and food. Sea lions and seals feed on fish that live in kelp forests. Grey whales have also been observe in kelp forests, most likely using forest as a safe haven from predatory killer whale. The Grey whales will eat abundant invertebrates and crustaceans in kelp forests. One of the most important mammals in the kelp forest is the sea otter, who takes refuge from sharks and storms in these forests. Sea otter eats red sea urchin that can destroy kelp forest if left to multiply freely. Kelp forests are a natural buffet for birds such as crows, warblers, starlings, and black phoebes which feed on flies, maggots, and small crustaceans that are abundant in kelp forests. Gulls, terns, egrets, great blue herons, and cormorants dine on many fish and invertebrates living in kelp. Kelp forests also provide birds with refuge from storms.

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Whales and barnacles

FACT OF WEEK: Humpback Whales are home to three different species of Barnacles and one species of Whale Lice MORE on THIS: relationship between these barnacles and Humpback Whales is an example of commensalism, where one species benefits and the other is unaffected. The barnacle benefits from this relationship because it provides with a place to live and filter food. Whale seem to be not affected by THIS, and might even benefit as well. Humpback Whales have been known to roll over when being attack, so predators are faced with tough surface of barnacles instead of soft skin. Whale lice are highly specialized-each species of whale has its own unique variety of whale lice. Their name is actually a misnomer, because while they look like human lice, they are actually a type OF crustacean called cyamids. The Relationship Between Whales and their Lice is another example of commensalism, like Barnacles. Whale lice feed on algae and whale skin, but there is no evidence that whale lice are harmful to whales. FURTHER READING: danelesko T., 2013. Whats on that Whale? Wild Whales-b. C cetacean sightings network. Http: / wildwhales. Org / 2013 / 02 / whats-ON-That-Whale / Sajem Y., 2014. Symbiotic Relationship Between Barnacle Living on Whales Skin. Animals. Http: / animals. Pawnation. Com / Symbiotic-Relationship-Between-Barnacle-Living-Whales-Skin-10968. Html Sandes., 2013. Whale Barnacles and Whale Lice. Kimberly Whale Watching. Http: / kimberleywhales. Com. Au / Whale-Barnacles-and-Whale-Lice /

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Sources

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