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Last Updated: 30 October 2020

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More local and regional drivers will become eligible to use short-haul exception when revised federal hours-of-service rules go into effect on September 29 2020. Four HOS areas impacted by upcoming changes to 49 CFR Part 395 include: 30-minute break rule, 100-air-mile exception, sleeper-berth provisions, and an exception for adverse driving conditions. The 100 air-mile exception is Part two of a four-Part series. The 30-minute break was addrest in the previous article. Whenever safety regulations are revise, drivers, dispatchers, and others at motor carriers must have clear understanding of changes in order to properly apply them. Section 395. 1 allows short-haul truck and bus drivers to keep basic time records instead of logs or electronic logging devices and go without 30-minute breaks or supporting documents as long as they stay local and return to their starting location each day. The following table summarizes changes to the 100-air-mile exception rule: new rule do not amend the current 150-air-mile exception for non-CDL truck drivers, found in 395. 1. This exception provides additional benefits for eligible drivers, such as twice-weekly 16-hour workday. The most obvious change exception is distance travel. Almost 58 statute miles will be added to the distance that both truck and bus drivers can service when using exception. It may be beneficial to use online mapping software to find a 150-air-mile radius around your driver reporting location. A 14-hour workday will provide drivers with more time to spend with customers and respond to changes in market demand. Note that some short-haul drivers already have special exemption allowing 14 hours, but those exemptions will no longer be necessary. When using exception, your policy will dictate whether you want drivers to maintain their own time records, or whether someone else in the company will create require records. Those taking advantage of the revised short-haul exception should weigh the pros and cons of allowing more drivers to use exceptions without also using electronic logs. ELDs can simplify recordkeeping, enforcement, vehicle tracking, and the ability to track whether drivers are eligible to use exception. Benefits of ELDs would be lost with switch to other timekeeping methods. This article was written by Kathy Close of J. J. Keller & Associates, Inc.

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What is the short-haul exemption?

If 100 / 150 air mile exemptions dont apply to you, there are currently three other major ELD exemptions, as determined by FMCSA. They include: drivers who keep logs for no more than 8 days during a 30-day period. Many drivers infrequently travel over 100 / 150 air mile radius. Take the example given above of a CDL driver who goes over 100 air miles at one time. Even though he has to keep paper log for that trip, he does not have to purchase ELD provide that situation rarely occursspecifically, no more than 8 days in any 30-day period. Driveaway-towaway operators who meet one of two specific criteria: either the vehicle being driven is a commodity being delivered or the driver is transporting a motor home or recreational vehicle trailer with one or more sets of wheels are on roadway. Drivers of vehicles with model year of 1999 or earlier. These vehicles are exempt simply because some do not have ports required to connect ELD. There has been some confusion about model vs. Manufacture year, but FMCSA has been clear: its model year of vehicle or its engine that theyll use to determine compliance. So if you have a 2005 truck with 1999 engine instal, you wouldnt need ELD. Hopefully, this has helped answer some common questions regarding ELDs. Please be sure to let us know by leaving any comments or questions below!


Demystifying the 100/150 Air Mile Exemptions

With the Electronic Logging Device rule mandating many carriers to have ELD to record hours of service and performance, questions have risen as to what kind of carriers and drivers are subject to this rule. The most common exemption to the new ELD mandate applies to carriers who operate within a 100 to 150 air mile radius of their headquarters. Basically, if a carrier qualifies for short haul exemption, then the carrier is not required to daily record their drivers with grid-style logs, although motor carriers must keep daily time records of time drivers report for and are released from work each day, and total hours on duty each day. So, does your company qualify for short haul exemption?

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Exceeding the short-haul limitation

WASHINGTON, DC, April 14 2020 The National Grain and Feed Association today commends the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration for issuing its long-await final rule on changes to driver hours-of-service Regulations with reforms that will increase driver flexibility and facilitate availability of truck transportation, which moves the vast majority of agricultural freight. FMCSAs final hours-of-service rule should improve trucking efficiency and expand trucking capacity, NGFA note. The decision to increase the air-mile radius to 150 miles for short-haul exemption is particularly important for drivers transporting agricultural products that are ineligible for agricultural exception to hours-of-service rules, such as processed products like soybean meal, distillers grains and flour. Expanding short-haul exemption greatly increases its usefulness for agricultural haulers across the country. NGFA notes that truck drivers transporting agricultural products make use of agricultural exception and short-haul exemption to hours-of-service rule. Agricultural exceptions allow drivers to avoid maintaining time records or logbook for the portion of haul that is within 150 air-miles of origin. However, agricultural exception is restricted to instances when the driver is transporting agricultural commodities, non-process food, feed, fiber, livestock or farm supplies; processed agricultural commodities do not qualify. When a driver is unable to use agricultural exception because cargo does not qualify, short-haul exemption is useful because it enables drivers to use time records in place of logbook, Association say. NGFA submitted comments to FMCSA throughout the rulemaking process. Final rule make following positive changes to existing hours-of-service rules: increases air-mile radius of short-haul trucking from 100 air miles to 150 air miles and expands allowable work shift from 12 hours to 14 hours, but maintains 11 hour limit on driving time; allow drivers, under certain adverse driving conditions, to extend their driving window by up to two hours; provide more flexibility to drivers 30-minute rest period requirement; make modifications to split sleeper berth provisions of rule allowing greater flexibility for how driver split their sleeper berth time. The 230-page final rule is scheduled to go into effect 120 days after it is published in the Federal Register. NGFA, established in 1896, consists of more than 1 000 grain, feed, processing, exporting and other grain-related companies that operate more than 7 000 facilities and handle more than 70 percent of ALL US grains and oilseeds. Its membership Include grain elevators; feed and feed ingredient manufacturers; biofuels companies; grain and oilseed processors and millers; exporters; livestock and poultry integrators; and associated firms that provide goods and services to nations grain, feed and processing industry. NGFA also consists of 33 affiliated State and Regional Grain and Feed Associations, and NGFA is co-locate and has a strategic alliance with North American Export Grain Association, and a strategic alliance with Pet Food Institute.

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