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1995 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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1995 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

General
Leader of ODS before election Vaclav KlausElected Leader of ODS Vaclav Klaus

Women's elective office-holding stands at all-time high in United States. Yet women far from parity. This underrepresentation is surprising given that more than men vote. Gender-As feature of both society and politics-has always worked alongside race to determine which groups possess formal informal resources and opportunities critical for winning elective office. But how gender connects to office-holding is not fix; instead, women's access to office has been shaped by changes in law, policy, and social roles, as well as activities strategies of Social Movement actors, political parties, and organizations. In contemporary period, data from Center for American Women and Politics reveal that while women are growing share of Democratic officeholders, they are declining share of Republican officeholders. Thus, in era of heightened partisan polarization, women's situation as candidates increasingly depend on party. Kira Sanbonmatsu is Professor Of Political Science and Senior Scholar at Center for American Women and Politics at Eagleton Institute Of Politics at Rutgers University. Her publications include Seat at Table: Congresswomens Perspectives on Why Their Presence Matters, More Women Can Run: Gender and Pathways State Legislatures, and Where Women Run: Gender and Party in American States. Elective officeholders in United States have always been majority male. This gender imbalance in politics may seem unremarkable and unworthy of investigation precisely because it appears to be permanent feature of political system. But closer inspection reveals that underrepresentation of women in fact, quite puzzling. American women vote at higher rate than men and have for four decades. 1 Women Majority status As Voters should dispel idea that women are somehow less political than men. If one looks subnationally, variation in level of women's office-holding becomes apparent. Indeed, women in 2019 will hold majority of seats in Nevada Legislature, first time that women constitute State Legislative Majority in US history. At moments in some places, women have outnumbered men as members of city councils and statewide officials. Several States have been represented two women US senators simultaneously. And woman-nancy Pelosi-presides over US House Of Representatives as speaker, which represents return to position she held from 2007 to 2011; she is third in line to presidency. Still, American women are far from parity with respect elective office-holding. Ideals of American Democracy may not require that representatives precisely mirror public demographically, but quality of representational relationships has been intimately connected to women's descriptive representation-or lack thereof. 2 While scholars may assume social and economic equality will give rise to political equality, reverse may be true: Women political equality may be needed in order to achieve equality in other domains. 3 challenges American women face politics are partly structural. United States Has Typically Lags Behind Other Nations With Respect To Women's Representation Because Of Its Single-member Congressional Districts.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

Both Democratic Party and Republican Party trace their roots to Democratic-Republican Party, which was founded in 1792 in opposition to George Washington's Federalist Party. Thomas Jefferson was early leader of Democratic-Republicans and party's first President. Support for Federalist Party wan following War of 1812, ushering in period of uncontested Democratic-Republican rule. After presidential Election of 1824 pit four Democratic-Republican candidates against one another, party split as members coalesce around winner John Quincy Adams or runner-up Andrew Jackson. Former Group Established Short-live National Republican Party, Forerunner To Whig Party And, Eventually, Modern Republican Party. Latter Group Became Known As Jacksonian Democrats Before Shortening Their Name To Democratic Party, Formally Adopting Title In 1844. Democratic Party Is Represented By Donkey, Dating To Adams Supporters Calling Andrew Jackson Jackass In 1828 Presidential Election. Jackson embraced name, even Donkey on campaign posters. Political cartoonist Thomas Nast began using donkeys to represent Democratic Party as whole in 1870s. In 1840s and 1850s, Democratic Party experienced conflict over question of extending slavery to Western territories. Unresolved Dispute Caused Party To Split In 1860 Presidential Election. Party's Fracture Set Stage For Election Of First Republican President, Abraham Lincoln. Bitterness over Civil War and post-War Reconstruction motivated Southern States to primarily support Democratic Party for next 100 years, during which time they wielded considerable control over party. By 1900s, Democratic Party had evolved from its original platform begun to favor more government oversight and regulation in business and economic affairs. Progressive policies of Wilson administration initiated transition, which deepened with establishment of various social assistance programs after Great Depression. During this period, Democratic Party began to embrace more liberal interpretation of United States Constitution. Religious affiliation also contributed to evolution of Democratic Party. Republicans were primarily Presbyterian, and Congregationalist, while most Democrats were Catholic, Episcopalian and German Lutheran. Because of this sharp division, issues like become difficult to negotiate. Republicans believe that government should be involved in moral issues, such as alcohol consumption, while Democrats feel that government should not make religious or moral legislation. Website For Democratic National Committee Lists Following Historical Timeline For Democratic Party:

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Conventions

Many women have sought to become President of United States. Number Receive National Attention, Either As Pioneers In Electoral Process, As Potential Candidates, Or As Candidates Of Minor Parties With Significant National Presence. Others were minor parties or were fringe candidates who enter major party primaries. Only one woman, Hillary Clinton, was major-Party nominee for President. She was nominated by Democratic Party in 2016. Three women have been nominated to run for office of Vice President: Kamala Harris by Democratic Party in 2020, Sarah Palin by Republican Party in 2008, and Geraldine Ferraro by Democratic Party in 1984. Another woman, Frances Sissy Farenthold, had her name put into nomination for Vice President at Democratic National Convention in 1972. In addition, Toni Nathan, 1972 Libertarian candidate for Vice President, became first woman to win electoral vote when one Republican elector voted for her instead of for his party candidate. It is worth noting that other women throughout history have had their names placed into nominations and / or earned votes for Vice President, but they do not receive wide support.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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