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1 Thessalonians 4:16

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16 For Lord Himself Will Come down from Heaven, With Loud Command, With the Voice Of Archangel and With Trumpet call Of God, and the Dead in Christ Will Rise First. 17 After that, we who are still alive and are leave will catch up together with Them in clouds to meet the Lord in air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.

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1 Thessalonians 4:16 Context

AThe Greek word means shout of command or encouragement, such as a captain giving to his soldiers, or boatswain to his crew. It is not necessary to inquire what command may be, or to whom issue, inasmuch as words do not always imply any particular orders; nor who is represented as uttering it: intention is only to convey the notion of stirring noise, in the midst of which the Lord will descend. It is, however, somewhat particularise by what follow: two notes amid those sounds of mystery strike earathe archangelas voice, and the trump of God. Probably, therefore, ashout of commanda is uttered by aleader of angels; and trump is blown to summon mustering hosts. In favour of supposing Lord Himself to utter cry, may be adduce John 5: 25; but, on other hand, it suits the dignity of the scene better to imagine a loud sound to come from one of the heralds of the great army. Preposition aina is more effective than awith: it calls attention to long blast. Shall rise FIRST. ANot as meaning ashall be FIRST to rise, as contrast with non-members of the Church who are to rise later; though that is scriptural thought, Greek Here refuse to be so explained. Rather, FIRST thing will be the rising of the dead in Christ, contrast with what followsaa THEN, and not till THEN, Shall we catch up. The same order is carefully observed in 1Corinthians 15: 52. Benson Commentary 1 Thessalonians 4: 16-18. Lord Himself, Lord Christ, array in all His own glory, and in that of His Father; Shall descend from heaven. The expression does not imply that Lord Jesus will fix His tribunal on earth; but that He will descend so as to fix His seat in air, at such a distance from earth that every eye Shall see him, and every ear Shall hear His voice, when He pass awful sentence by which their state Shall be unchangeably fix. This conjecture is confirmed by 1 Thessalonians 4: 17, where we are told that, after judgment, righteous shall be caught up in clouds to join the Lord in air. Macknight. With shout raised by millions of happy attendant spirits. Word IIIII IIIII, so rendered, denote shout which soldiers of the army use to make at their FIRST onset to encourage one another to attack; it is therefore used with great propriety to express loud acclamations which whole angelical hosts will utter to express their joy at the coming of Christ to raise dead and Judge world. Voice of, or rather, archangel He, probably, who will preside over that innumerable company of angels who are to attend Christ when He comes to Judge the world.

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Adam Clarke Commentary

Inscription by Paul, Silvanus, and Timotheus, To Church of Thessalonians, 1 Thessalonians 1: 1. Paul gives thanks to God for their good estate, and prays for their continuance in Faith, 1 Thessalonians 1: 2-4. Shows how the Gospel comes to them, and the blessing effects it produces in their life and conversation, 1 Thessalonians 1: 5-7, How it became published From them through Macedonia and Achaia, and how their Faith was everywhere celebrate, 1 Thessalonians 1: 8. He showed further that Thessalonians had turned from idolatry, become worshippers of true God, and were waiting for the revelation of Christ, 1 Thessalonians 1: 9 1 Thessalonians 1: 10. Paul, and: Silvanus, and Timotheus-Though. Paul himself dictated this letter, yet he join names of Silas and Timothy, because they had been with him at Thessalonica, and were well known there. See act 17: 4, act 17: 14. And Silvanus-This was certainly the same as Silas, who was. Paul's companion in all his journeys through Asia Minor and Greece; see act 15: 22; act 16: 19; act 17: 4, act 17: 10. Him and Timothy, apostle take with him into Macedonia, and they continue to Berea when apostle go From thence To Athens; From this place. Paul sent for them to come to him speedily, and, though it is not say that they came while he was at Athens, it is most probable that they did after which, having sent them to Thessalonica, he proceeded to Corinth, where they afterwards rejoined him, and From whence he write this Epistle. See preface. Your work of Faith-This verse contains very high character of believers at Thessalonica. They had Faith, not speculative and indolent, but true, sound, and operative; their Faith work. They had Love, not that gaze at and become enamour of the perfections of God, but such Love as labor with Faith to fulfill the whole will of God. Faith work; but Love, because it can do more, do more, and therefore labor-work energetically, to promote the glory of God and the salvation of men. They had Hope; not idle, cold, heartless expectation of future good, From which they felt no excitement, and for which they could give no reason, but such Hope as produced satisfying expectation of future life and state of blessedness, reality of which Faith had descry, and Love anticipate; Hope, not hasty and impatient To get out of trials of life and possess heavenly inheritance, but one that was As willing To endure hardships As To enjoy glory itself, when God might be most honor by this patient endurance. Faith work, Love labor, and Hope endure patiently. It is not a mark of much grace to be longing to get to heaven because of the troubles and difficulties of present life; They who love Christ are ever willing to suffer with him; and he may be as much glorified by patient suffering, as by most active Faith or laborious Love.

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Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven, with shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God, and the dead in Christ shall rise first; descend from heaven. This is not to be understood in spatial sense at all. Paul's words here are still the best way to declare the sudden manifestation of Lord Jesus Christ at the cataclysmic end of this age. Manifestation will be upon the whole earth, and not merely upon some part of it; and there simply are no words which can adequately convey to finite understanding any meaningful description of it. As Kelcy say, these words are not to be take, necessarily, in the literal sense. They are figures of speech; but this is not to deny the historical certainty of great event here prophesy. Shout. Jesus cries with a loud voice over the grave of Lazarus; and, in light of the passage before us, there must be some significance in it. Shout is here identified with the voice of archangel and the sound of trumpet; and evidently some fantastically penetrating sound will signal the onset of the Second Advent. Such sounds attend giving of Law of Moses on Mt. Sinai; but it is idle to speculate as to the meaning of such things. The second Advent will also be with clouds of heaven, same having been mentioned at the time of Ascension, with the metaphor being changed to flaming fire in 2 Thessalonians 1: 7, and with Saviour himself having stressed the same thing. If the human race is to survive know and postulate the fate of terrestrial earth, it can only be by supernatural intervention of the Creator through Lord Jesus Christ. In the film, Universe, shown repeatedly in May and June, 1977, at Johnson Space Center, Clear Lake, Texas, top Space scientists theorize that there are only three possible fates for any star, including our sun. These are: it might become a great red giant with new mass so gigantic as to envelop earth; it could become super-nova flaming to million times its present size, and it could conceivably collapse altogether with a gravitational field strong enough to draw all solar satellites into very small and exceedingly dense core with magnetic field so powerful that not even light could escape from it, in which case so-call black hole would be result. Significantly, any of project methods of demise that scientists confidently predict, would involve total burning of our earth and everything on it; and no imagination is strong enough to envision the kind of cloud that would follow instantaneous conversion of all waters on earth into steam!

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Vincent's Word Studies

The Word of Lord 1 Thessalonians 4: 15, is apparently not intended to include the specific details which follow. In that Word Revelation was to effect that all believers simultaneously should share blessings of advent. The following description of the Lord's descent from heaven is intended to emphasize the fact that reunion of dead and living believers will be accomplished by the Lord in person do not indicate the contents of the Word of Lord, but mean for or because; and details are meant to strengthen the more general declaration of 1 Thessalonians 4: 15. In details themselves there are traces of certain OT theophanies, as Exodus 19: 11-18; Micah 1: 3. Shall descend from heaven use nowhere else of Christ's second coming. Frequently in the Fourth Gospel, of Christ's descent to earth as man. See John 3: 13; John 6: 33, John 6: 38, John 6: 41, etc. In Ephesians 4: 9, of his descent by Spirit in order to endow church. With shout NToOnce in lxx, Proverbs href = / desk /? Q = pr + 30: 27 & sr = 1 > Proverbs 30: 27. From to summon. Often in Class. Lit. Shout of command, as of general to his army, admiral to his oarsmen, or charioteer to his horses. Archangel Only here and Judges 1: 9. Not in OT Pauline angelology shows traces of Rabbinical teachings in idea of orders of angels. See Ephesians 1: 21; Colossians 1: 16; Romans 8: 38. Archangels appear in apocryphal literature. In Book of Enoch see in Judges 1: 14, four are name, Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel. Michael is set over a tree which, at time of great judgment, will be give over to righteous and humble, and from the fruit of which life will be give to elect. In Revelation href = / desk /? Q = re + 8: 2 & sr = 1 > Revelation 8: 2. See also on Judges 1: 9, and comp. Daniel 12: 1. With the trump of God for trumpet heralding great manifestations of God, see Exodus 19: 13, Exodus 19: 16; Psalm 47: 5; Isaiah 27: 13; Zechariah 9: 14; Zephaniah 1: 16; Joel 2: 1; Matthew 24: 31; 1 Corinthians 15: 52; Revelation 1: 10; Revelation 4: 1. Of God does not indicate the size or loudness of the trumpet, but merely that it is used in God's service. Comp. Harps of God, Revelation 15: 2; musical instruments of God, 1 Chronicles 16: 42. Later, Jews believed that God would use trumpet to raise dead. The Copyright Statement text of this work is in the public domain. Bibliography Vincent, Marvin R. DD. Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4: 16. Vincent's Word Studies in New Testament. Https: https: / www. Studylight. Org / commentaries / vnt / 1-Thessalonians-4. Html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887. Return to 'Jump List'

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Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

The greater part of this Epistle consists of exhortations. Paul had instructed Thessalonians to in the right faith. On hearing, however, that persecutions were raging there, he had sent Timothy with a view of animating them for conflict, that they might not give way through fear, as human infirmity is apt to do. Having been afterwards informed by Timothy respecting their entire condition, he employ various arguments to confirm them in steadfastness of faith, as well as in patience, should they be called to endure anything for testimony of gospel. These things he treats in the first three chapters. At the beginning of the Fourth Chapter, he exhorts them, in general terms, to the holiness of life, Afterwards he recommends mutual benevolence, and all offices that flow from it. Towards the end, however, he touches upon the question of resurrection, and explains in what way we shall all be raised up from death. From this it is manifest, that there were some wicked or light-minded people who endeavor to unsettle their faith by unseasonably bringing forward many frivolous things. Hence, with a view of cutting off all pretext for foolish and needless disputations, he instructs them in a few words as to views which they should entertain. In the fifth chapter, he prohibits them, even more strictly, from inquiring as to times; but admonishes them to be ever on watch, lest they should be taken unawares by Christs sudden and unexpected approach. From this he proceeds to employ various exhortations, and then conclude the Epistle.

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James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

Table

EPHESIANSCOLOSSIANS
Written in prison, carried by TychicusWritten in prison, carried by Tychicus
Stresses wisdom, knowledge, fullness, mysteryStresses wisdom, knowledge, fullness, mystery
Emphasizes the church as the body of ChristEmphasizes Christ as the Head of the body
General, universalSpecific, local
First halfposition; second halfpracticeFirst halfposition; second halfpractice
Ironic, calmPolemic, concern
Reflective, quietSpiritual conflict

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Table2

EPHESIANSCOLOSSIANS
Eph 1:1 Eph 1:2 Eph 1:3 Eph 1:7 Eph 1:10 Eph 1:15-17 Eph 1:18 Eph 1:21 Eph 1:22 Eph 2:1,12 Eph 2:5 Eph 2:15 Eph 2:16 Eph 3:1 Eph 3:2 Eph 3:3 Eph 3:7 Eph 3:8 Eph 4:1 Eph 4:2 Eph 4:3 Eph 4:15 Eph 4:19 Eph 4:22 Eph 4:25 Eph 4:29 Eph 4:31 Eph 4:32 Eph 5:3 Eph 5:4 Eph 5:5 Eph 5:6 Eph 5:15 Eph 5:18,19 Eph 5:21 Eph 5:25 Eph 6:1 Eph 6:4 Eph 6:5 Eph 6:9 Eph 6:18 Eph 6:21Col 1:1 Col 1:2 Col 1:3 Col 1:14 Col 1:20 Col 1:3, 4 Col 1:27 Col 1:16 Col 1:18 Col 1:21 Col 2:13 Col 2:14 Col 1:20 Col 1:24 Col 1:25 Col 1:26 Col 1:23, 25 Col 1:27 Col 1:10 Col 3:12 Col 3:14 Col 2:19 Col 3:1, 5 Col 3:8 Col 3:8 Col 3:8; 4:6 Col 3:8 Col 3:12 Col 3:5 Col 3:8 Col 3:5 Col 3:6 Col 4:5 Col 3:16 Col 3:18 Col 3:19 Col 3:20 Col 3:21 Col 3:22 Col 4:1 Col 4:2 Col 4:7
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Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

Lord Himself not as messenger or representative, but his own personal self. Then shall our eyes behold Him. Himself is emphatic with divine dignity. From heaven From God's right hand in highest heavens. See note on 2 Corinthians 12: 1-4. With No commotions of nature are here describe, though other passages assure us of their existence. 2 Peter 3: 10; Revelation 20: 11. Only three vocalities of descending powers are give, shout of the mighty host; voice of the archangel, their leader and Lords herald; and the trump of God, strain of celestial music. These announce Incarnate person in rear; to whom the whole host is as advance procession. Shout generally signifies cry of onward movement. Archangel rather than. To inquire which archangel, Michael or Gabriel, is useless, though popular fancy generally designate the latter. The word signifies chief-angel, and is used here to designate him as present captain of Lords host. The Trump of God is the vocal symbol of divine presence and person; as glory is a visible symbol. Its tones are hear, but no instrument is see. It was, probably, never heard but once by human ears, and that was at Sinai. Exodus 19: 16-19. Then, as here, it was announcing strain of celestial hosts forming an advanced procession of approaching divine One. Then there were thunders and lightnings, and thick clouds upon the mountain and the voice of trumpet exceeding loud so that all people that were in the camp trembled to meet with God and when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered Him with a voice and so these present peals, sounding to human souls like piercing and ever-increasing tones of trumpet, are signal of approaching CHRIST. Rise first This does not mean first of two resurrections; but first and before we which are alive are change. First and then in the next verse are correlatives. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Text Courtesy of Biblesupport. Com. Use by Permission. Bibliography Whedon, Daniel. Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4: 16. Whedon's Commentary on the Bible. Https: https: / www. Studylight. Org / commentaries / whe / 1-Thessalonians-4. Html.

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Sources

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