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1 Timothy 3:16

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Last Updated: 21 November 2020

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Although the above verse in NIV do not support Trinity, there are some Greek manuscripts that read, God appears in flesh. This reading of some Greek manuscripts has passed into some English versions, and the King James Version is one of them. Trinitarian scholars admit, however, that these Greek texts were altered by scribes in favor of the Trinitarian position. Reading the earliest and best manuscripts is not God but rather He who. Almost all modern versions have verse as mystery of godliness is great, which was manifest in flesh, or some close equivalent. 2. In regard to the above verse, Bruce Metzger writes: is Support by earliest and best uncialsno uncial earlier than the eighth or ninth century supports theos; all ancient versions presuppose hos or ho; and no patristic writer prior to last third of the fourth century testifies to reading theos. Reading theos arose either accidentally, or deliberately, either to supply substantive for following six verbs, or, with less probability, to provide greater dogmatic precision. 3. When properly translate, 1 Timothy 3: 16 actually argues against Trinity. By common confession, the great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in flesh, was vindicated in Spirit, beheld by angels, proclaim among nations, believe in the world, take up in glory. This section of Scripture beautifully portrays an overview of Christ's life and accomplishments. It all fits with what we know of Man, Jesus Christ. If Jesus were God, this section of Scripture would have been perfect place to say so. We should expect to see some phrases like, God incarnate, God and Man united, very God and very Man, etc. But nothing like that occur. Instead, section testifies to what non-Trinitarians believethat Christ was Man, beget by Father, and that He was taken up into glory. Back to list of Verses used to Support the Doctrine of Trinity 1. Bruce Metzger, Textual Commentary on Greek New Testament, p. 641.

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Verse Thoughts

More than once in his epistles, Paul gets so excited about the truth he is expounding that he burst forth in a hymn. Perhaps the best-know example of this is Romans 11: 33-36 where the apostle praises Lord wisdom at the end of His exposition of Gods electing grace. Today's passage about the person and the work of Jesus is another instance of this phenomenon. Many scholars believe 1 Timothy 3: 16 preserves early Christian Creed later use as an outline for more expansive Apostles Creed. In any case, Paul's reference to the truth in verse 15 spurs him to write what he do in verse 16, which is a fuller statement of the truth of salvation. Notably, phrase Great indeed, is mystery of godliness may intentionally echo a phrase frequently heard in Ephesus: Great is the Artemis of Ephesians. If so, Paul is indirectly subverting the cult of Artemis, Ephesus patron goddess. Dr. John MacArthur says that godliness mentioned in 1 Timothy 3: 16 refers to truths of salvation and righteousness in Christ, which produce holiness in believers. Here apostle outlines the great truths of Christianity that we must believe to be put right with God and pursue holiness. First is our Saviors manifestation in flesh, which refers to that point in time when the eternal, divine Son of God takes on human nature and becomes incarnate in Christ Jesus. Next is Jesus ' vindication by Spirit, which is His resurrection. Having been put to death as blasphemer and insurrectionist, these charges were utterly refuted when Christ was raised from the dead. It serves as a declaration that all His claims to be God's only begotten Son are true indeed. Being seen by angels highlights his ascension to sit at the right hand of Father, where he enjoy worship of the heavenly host. Creed of 1 Timothy 3: 16 concludes with universal proclamation of gospel, conversion of nations, and glory of Jesus. This is not merely second mentioning of Christ's ascension but assertion that He is glorify as His church spreads good news across the globe.

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Vincent's Word Studies

Confessedly. NTo mystery of godliness connection of thought is with truth, and words mystery of godliness are paraphrase of that word. The church is the pillar and stay of truth, and truth constitutes the mystery of godliness. Contents of this truth or mystery is Christ, revealed in the Gospel as Savior from ungodliness, norm and inspiration of godliness, divine life in man, causing him to live unto God as Christ do and do. See 1 Timothy 1: 15; 1 Timothy 2: 5; Colossians 1: 26, Colossians 1: 27. According to the Fourth Gospel, Christ is himself truth. The mystery of godliness is the substance of piety = mystery of faith. The truth is called a mystery because it was, historically, hidden, until revealed in person and work of Christ; also because it is concealed from human wisdom, and apprehended only by faith in the Revelation of God through Christ. Genitive, of godliness, is possessive. The mystery of godliness is truth which pertains or belongs to godliness. It is not property of worldly wisdom. Great means important, weighty, as Ephesians 5: 32. God, but correct reading is whoThe antecedent of this relative is not a mystery, as if Christ were style mystery, but the relative refers to Christ as antecedent; and the abruptness of its introduction may be explained by the fact that it and words which follow were probably taken from ancient credal hymn. In earlier Christian ages, it was not unusual to employ verse or rhythm for theological teaching or Statement. Heretics propound their peculiar doctrines in psalms. Clement of Alexandria wrote a hymn in honor of Christ for use of catechumens, and Arius embodies his heresy in his Thalia, which was sung in the streets and taverns of Alexandria. The Muratorian Canon was probably composed in verse. In the last quarter of the Fourth century, there are two metrical lists of Scripture by Amphilochius and Gregory Nazianzen. Was manifest more correctly, was manifest. Verb is use John 1: 2; Hebrews 9: 26; 1 Peter 1: 20; 1 John 3: 5 1 John 3: 8, of historical manifestation of Christ; and of the future coming of Christ in Colossians 3: 4; 1 Peter 5: 4; 1 John 3: 2. In flesh comp. John 1: 14; 1 John 4: 2; 2 John 1: 7; Romans 1: 3; Romans 8: 3; Romans 9: 5. Fleshonly here in Pastorals. Justify in Spirit verb, so familiar in Paul's writings, is found in Pastorals only here and Titus 3: 7. Its application to Christ as subject of justification does not appear in Paul. Its meaning here is vindicate, indorsed, as Matthew 11: 19; Luke 10: 29.

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Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

He was a native of Lycaonia. His father was Greek, but his mother and grandmother were Jews, 2 Tim. 1: 5. He was taught scriptures from his very youth, 2 Tim. 3: 15, and was probably converted during Paul's first visit to Lystra, act 14: 8-20. He was ordain As evangelist 1 Tim. 4: 14; 2 Tim. 1: 6, and, after Paul's second visit to Lystra. He spends most of his time with Paul, act 16: 1. He did a valuable service to Paul, and was greatly esteemed by him. Act 17: 14; 18: 5; 20: 4; Rom. 16: 21; 1 Cor. 4: 17; 16: 10. His name is associated with Paul in writing a number of letters, 2 Cor. 1: 1; Phil. 1: 1; Col. 1: 1. He was pastor at Ephesus and while there receive these letters, 1 Tim. 1: 3-4. Paul desire to have him with him when death come, 2 Tim. 4: 9; 13 21. This Epistle was written while Timothy was pastor at Ephesus, probably between A. D. 64 and 66. Its purpose was to instruct Timothy with regard to his pastoral duties. It, therefore, reflects the condition of the church and especially errors which he would correct or against which he wish to warn his true child in faith. For Study and Discussion. False teachings, 1: 3-11; 4: 1-8; 6: 20-21. Kind of man pastor should be, 4: 12-5: 2. Kind of men to select for church officers, 3: 1-13. Church government and services of worship, 2: 1 2 8; 3: 14 15. The Word's doctrine or teaching, godliness and faith meaning doctrine. This letter was written from Rome just before his martyrdom. D. 67. It was written to further instruct Timothy and to explain his own personal affairs. It is the last letter written by Paul, sort of last will and testimony and is of great importance as it tells As how he fared just before his death. It is more personal in tone than First Timothy and shows us how very pitiable was his plight in these last days. For Study and Discussion. Paul's condition when he write, 1: 17; 4: 7 13-16; 6: 20. Desire or appeal of 1: 4; 3: 8; 4: 5 9 13 21. Exhortations to Timothy, 1: 6 7 13 14; 2: 1-6 15 23; 3: 14; 4: 5. Perilous times to come, Ch. 3. Paul's view of death, 4: 5-22.

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John Trapp Complete Commentary

16 and without controversy great is mystery of godliness: God was manifest in flesh, justify in Spirit, see of angels, preach unto Gentiles, believe in the world, receive up into glory. Ver. 16. And without controversy] Learn Cameron beginneth this verse with those words before, pillar and ground of truth, and confessedly great is that mystery of godliness, God manifest in flesh, & c. It being usual form of speech among Jews to prepare these very words, pillar and ground of truth, to any special doctrine touching religion. Word here render without controversy, signifieth confessedly, qd it is so under broad seal of public confession. Great is mystery of godliness] Mystery, because above natural capacity. And mystery of godliness gospel is call, because, being believe, it transformeth men into the same image, and stirs up in them admirable affections of piety. God manifest] Out of the bosom of his Father, out of the womb of his mother, out of types of law, & c. In flesh] Christ condescend to our rags, He put on lousy suit of ours, induit sordes nostras, He took our flesh, when it was tainted with treason; our base nature, after It was fall; which was wonderful fruit of love: as if one should wear mans colours or livery after he is proclaimed traitor, It is great grace to such man; so here. Justify in Spirit] Or, by Spirit, that is, by divine nature, Romans 1: 4, and by Holy Ghost too; second person raise up itself, but yet it was by Holy Ghost too; which he use, not as an instrument, but as common principle with himself, of equal dignity, only differing in order of persons. We shall also be justify and clear of all false imputations at resurrection, which shall be of names as well as of bodies. Sun shall scatter all clouds, & c. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Text Courtesy of Biblesupport. Com. Use by Permission. Bibliography Trapp, John. Commentary on 1 Timothy 3: 16. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Https: https: / www. Studylight. Org / commentaries / jtc / 1-Timothy-3. Html.

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Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

1 Timothy 3: 1-13. Qualifications OF men WHO ARE TO be ministers; and first OF episcopus secondly OF DEACONS with parenthetical instruction respecting female CHURCH-workers.: Having give elementary directions concerning the scope of public prayer, and ministers thereof,. Paul NOW take up the matter OF CHURCH organisation. He begins with the office OF episcopus, or presbyter, because that is the very essence OF CHURCH order. On question AS TO terms presbyter and episcopus, IT is sufficient here TO state my own conclusion, that they represent slightly different aspects OF the same office, Pastoral and official; aspects which come naturally into prominence in Jewish and Greek societies respectively which give birth to TO names. This seems obvious conclusion from comparison OF Acts 20: 17; act 20: 28; Philippians 1: 1; Titus 1: 5; Titus 1: 7; 1 Timothy 3: 1-2; 1 Timothy 3: 4-5; 1 Timothy 5: 17; 1 Peter 5: 1-2; Clem. Rom. 1 Cor. 44; Polycarp, 5; Clem. Al. Quis Dives, 42. 1 Timothy 3: 2. With qualifications OF episcopus AS give here, should be compared to those OF DEACONS, 1 Timothy 3: 8 sqq., And those OF episcopus in Titus 1: 6 sqq. Being essentially good work, bonum negotium bonis committendum. Episcopus is persona OF CHURCH. It is not enough for him TO be a criminal; HE must be one against whom it is impossible TO bring any charge of wrong doing SUCH AS he can stand impartial examination. HE must be without reproach, irreprehensible, term which involves less exacting test than blameless; deacon must be, one against whom no charge has, in point OF fact, been bring. No argument can be based on singular, here or in Titus 1: 7, in favour either OF monarchical episcopate or AS indications OF late date OF Epistle; IT is used generically AS, ch. 1 Timothy 5: 5;, 2 Timothy 2: 24. Better TO ensure that episcopus be without reproach, His leading characteristic must be self-control. In first placeand this has special force in the Easthe, must be a man WHO hasnatural or acquireda high conception OF relationships OF sexes: married man, WHO, if his wife dies, does not marry again. Men whose position is less open TO criticism may do this without discredit, but episcopus must hold up high ideal. Second marriage, which is mentioned AS familiar practice, is expressly permitted TO Christian women in 1 Corinthians 7: 39, and even recommended TO, or rather enjoin upon, young widows in 1 Timothy 5: 14. OF course, does not mean that episcopus must be, or have been, marry. What is here forbidden is digamy under any circumstances. This view is supported by general drift OF qualities required here in bishop; self-control or temperance, in his use OF food and drink, possessions, gifts, temper; by corresponding requirements in CHURCH widow, 1 Timothy 5: 9, and by practice OF early CHURCH.

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