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37th New Brunswick Legislature

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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37th New Brunswick Legislature

General
John M. Baxter Robert McAllister (1931)Conservative
B. H. DouganConservative
Marcus Lorne JewettConservative
Charles D. RichardsConservative
Medley G. SiddallConservative
Herbert M. WoodConservative
Merville A. Oulton Lewis Smith (1930)Conservative
J. William SmithConservative
J.H.A.L. FairweatherConservative
Arthur MooreConservative
Scott D. GuptillConservative
George H. I. CockburnConservative
Harry Marshall GroomConservative
William S. AndersonLiberal
Hidulphe A. SavoieLiberal
Richard J. GillLiberal
Ewart C. AtkinsonConservative
Auguste J. BordageLiberal
Francois G. RichardLiberal
J. Andre DoucetLiberal
Seraphin R. LegerLiberal
John B. Lordon Wesley H. Coffyn (1931)Liberal Conservative
Edwin W. MelvilleConservative
Gladstone W. PerryConservative
Henry DiotteConservative
H. O. DowneyLiberal
Frederick W. PirieLiberal
Joseph E. MichaudLiberal
W. Henry HarrisonConservative
Miles E. AgarConservative
Walter W. WhiteConservative

New Brunswick, Canadian province located on eastern seaboard of North American continent. It is Canada's only officially province, French and English having equal status. It was one of four original Provinces making up national confederation in 1867. Together with Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, it forms regional grouping known as Maritime Provinces. New Brunswick has roughly rectangular shape, about 210 miles from North to South and 185 miles from east to West. It is bound to North by province of Quebec, to east by Gulf of. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait, and to South by Bay of Fundy. Latter Two Bodies Of Water Are Separated By Narrow Neck Of Chignecto Isthmus, Which Joins New Brunswick To Nova Scotia, To Southeast. To West lies US State of Maine. Encyclopdia Britannica, Inc. Lighthouse at Cape on Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Can. JHVEPhoto / shutterstock. Com New Brunswick Encyclopdia Britannica, Inc. Charter by King George province was named for royal House of Brunswick, and its capital, Fredericton, was named for King George IIIs son Frederick. While New Brunswick has contributed significantly to national life of Canada, it is one of smaller provinces and has always occupied lesser role in national economy. Its beautiful forests, rivers, lakes, and seashoreattractions for tourists, hunters, and sport remain relatively unspoiled. Area Is 28 150 Square Miles. Pop. 747 101; 776 827.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Relief, drainage, and soils

New Brunswick is one of three Provinces collectively know as Maritimes. Join to Nova Scotia by narrow Chignecto Isthmus and separated from Prince Edward Island by Northumberland Strait, New Brunswick forms land Bridge linking this Region to continental North America. It is bound in North Quebec and in West by US. In 1784, British divided Nova Scotia into Chignecto Isthmus, naming West and North portion of New Brunswick after German duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg. New Brunswick is now only officially bilingual province in Canada. Area Of New Brunswick Is 72 908 Km 2. Principal regional divisions are watershed of Bay of Fundy, centering on Saint John River Valley, and North and East shores. Saint John River Offers Early Access To Much Of Best Farmland And Timber Resources Of Province. Residents of North and East shores, living in coastal fishing villages and interior lumbering settlements along rivers, are physically from Valley communities by uplands and belts of forest, and separate culturally by their predominantly French language and Catholic religion. New Brunswick's rock foundation was largely formed in Palaeozoic era. It was part of geological formation extending from southeastern US to Newfoundland. Much of rock in northern and western New Brunswick was created through ocean deposits of Ordovician period. These rocks were fold, intrude with granites, and overlain with lavas which reflect sporadic volcanic activity throughout Palaeozoic era. They contain zinc-lead-copper deposits from Bathurst Newcastle area. Folding, fault movements and volcanic activity reached their climax over 350 million years ago in what has been called Acadian Orogeny. Much of base of central and eastern parts of province originated in later Carboniferous period, with rocks forming in rivers, swamps and shallow basins. These include red, green and grey sandstones, some of which are coal-bearing, and conglomerates and isolate deposits of limestone, gypsum, and oil-bearing shale. New Brunswick Topography Is Characterized By Northern Uplands Rising To 820 M And Mountainous In Appearance, Gently Rolling Hills In Centre And East, Sharp Hills On Southern Coast Sloping Down To Tidal Marshes And Lowland Plain In Southeast. Soils tend to be thin and acidic over uplands, deeper but frequently poorly drained and acidic in centre and West, and rocky in portions of South. Best Soils For Agriculture Tend To Lie In Intervale Lands Along Rivers. Upper Saint John River Is Flanked By Low Plateaus Of Well-drain Sandy Loam With Good Lime Content Excellent For Growing Potatoes. Finely Textured Soils Of Fundy Lowlands Are Also Suitable For Agriculture. About five per cent of province is farmland; most of remainder of province, some 83 per cent, is under forest cover. Almost all of forest cover is considered suitable for forestry.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Plant and animal life

After Confederation, it seemed that New Brunswick would become prosperous industrial center. Country's New Railways Brought Increase In Population And New Business To Province, Butfor Variety Of Political And Economic ReasonsNew, Brunswick Did Not Gain Economic Strength Until Well Into 20th Century. Back in late 1800s, in effort to stimulate trade in central Canada, new Government placed high tariffs on foreign goods coming into all Maritime Provinces. New Brunswick's economy significantly when its industries were forced to bring in expensive goods from Ontario and Quebec. In addition, strength and prosperity of area's shipbuilding industry declined rapidly after lighter iron-hull ships were introduce. Saint John, particularly prosperous shipbuilding centre, was among cities hardest hit by this advancement. Saint John was dealt another in 1877. On day now remembered as Black Wednesday, fire ragged through city, leaving 13 000 people homeless and causing over 27 million in damages. Canada experienced losses of over 68 000 soldiers in World War I, and veterans returning to New Brunswick face bleak future of scarce, low-paying jobs. At same time, tariffs on imports keep prices for consumer goods high. Overall, Canada experienced period of rapid industrialization in 1920s. Improvements were made to and roads, and this helped trade to flourish. Automobiles, telephones, electrical appliances, and consumer goods have become widely available. Consumer confidence leads to expansion of credit, which allows businesses to grow. But Maritime Provinces do not enjoy same rate of economic expansion as rest of Canada. Before any solutions to problem could be implemented by government agencies, entire Canadian economy was devastated by Great Depression, period of severe economic downturn that began in 1929. Effects Of Depression On Canada Were Compounded By Droughts And Frequent Crop Failuresbad, News For Region That Still Heavily Relies On Agriculture. Social welfare programs expanded rapidly during 1930s, with much of monetary burden being placed on local governments. Following World War II, consumer spending and immigration most of Canada increased significantly. In New Brunswick, however, economy remains at standstill. Education and health care were poorly fund, and in 1940s and 1950s, rates of illiteracy and infant mortality were among highest in Canada. It wasn't until 1960when Louis Robichaud was elected Premierthat New Brunswick's economy and social conditions began to improve. Under his administration, over new laws were pass. These laws create sorely needed social services and encourage economic development. During 1960s and 1970s, new highways were construct, hydroelectric plants were build, mining and forestry industries were expand, and manufacturing continued to grow. New companies such as Lantic Sugar, largest sugar refinery in Canada, and T. S. Simms Co. Ltd., Largest brush manufacturing company in Canada, moved to Saint John and boosted city's economy.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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