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America Poor Kids

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Last Updated: 06 November 2020

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General | Latest Info

Jezza Neumann, BAFTA award winning director, was recently in the US filming update for PBS on Families who feature in the film FRONTLINE Poor Kids, four years later-here is their news; Kaylie, Tyler & Barbara: Kaylie, NOW 16, has just started high school and thoroughly enjoys Tae Kwon Do. Unfortunately, both her grandma and mother continue to struggle with health issues. Kaylies dream is to go to Medical School, to be a pediatric Cardiologist. After a brief period having dropped out of high school, Tyler, 18, is NOW back in school and living with his mother and sister in their small house in Davenport, IA. Sadly, Barbara was recently given mild ovarian cancer diagnosis. She had to resign from her factory job because the doctor said she couldnt lift heavy things. She is starting to undergo treatment and is planning on enrolling in phlebotomist classes, hoping she can move into a less physically demanding and more rewarding line of work. Although the family living situation for the rest of the family is still unstable, Jaylan, 17, Jasmine, 15, and Joshua, 13, have all managed to get good grades. The family relocated outside of Atlanta, Georgia in September. Jasmine and Jaylan are taking Reserve Officers Training Courses at their new high School. Jaylan is planning on joining the military when he graduate. Their parents, Tom and Classie, have just started window cleaning business, securing accounts at local businesses in their new area. Their goal is to purchase a mobile home. Roger, 19, graduated from high school early. He is still living at home and is working alongside his dad Josh as an installation contractor for Lowes. Roger is saving money to get a driving license, which would open up better work opportunities for him. After a difficult period at middle school, Brittany, 15, is getting on well in high school and has fallen in love with arts, drawing and photography. Her dream is to study fine arts in college. No longer baby, Zakk, NOW 5 will start kindergarten next year. Their mother Christy has started basic school work with Zakk at home, so he will have a good start at school. While there were many periods of financial unsteadiness over the past few years, Josh's recent job as Lowes contract installer means he is able to cope much better in making ends meet for his family. Sera, NOW 16 still live in San Francisco in the same apartment complex that they moved into in 2012. She attends arts-theme high school and her favourite pastime is Anime. She loves to walk to Japan Town to peruse newest Manga and she belongs to the Anime club at school. Her mother Denise continue to struggle to find work in the Bay area, given her health issues, her lack of college degree and her age. She is starting her own craft business, making vintage aprons for sale on Etsy.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Conclusion

Methodological innovations in SPM allow opportunity to examine the contours of Child Poverty under different definitions of the concept of resource poverty. This brief explored characteristics of Children in Poverty under various poverty definitions, and in particular looked at characteristics of those who are poor under official measure but not poor under SPM, those who are poor under SPM but not under official measure, and those who are poor no matter what definition of Poverty is use. Children who are thrown into poverty by SPM methodology tend to live in families that have higher cash resources at their disposal, larger non-discretionary expenses, and lower utilization of safety net programs. Large differences in medical expenditures do not seem to be primarily due to the health status of family members or the presence of individuals with disabilities or health challenges. Rather, role of health insurance seems to play the largest role in explaining high medical expenses that drive this group into poverty, As those with private health insurance have substantially greater medical expenses than those with other types of insurance or no insurance, and thrown-In group is particularly likely to have private Health insurance. Children who are lifted out of poverty under the SPM methodology but who are poor under OPM live in families that have average pretax incomes fairly close to the poverty threshold. The combination of their relatively low expenses and more comprehensive utilization of Social safety net programs push them above the poverty threshold. The powerful role of social safety net in alleviating poverty stands out for this group, as SPMs ' more comprehensive definition of resources accounts for the fact that these groups are receiving assistance to help them meet their core needs. Of safety net benefits added under SPM definition, inclusion of SNAP and EITC benefits largely explains why the majority of this group is lifted out of poverty under SPM definition. Counting of cohabiter Income also is important for understanding how this group of children is lifted out of poverty under the new measure. The core group of children who are poor under both measures is very disadvantaged, living in families with very low pretax cash income and less employment and wage income. Families ' receipt of safety net income is not sufficient to pull them above either the OPM or SPM Poverty threshold. Although they are not lifted out of poverty by SPM, this group is less likely to be considered in deep poverty under SPM, as benefits included in the measure move them somewhat closer to the poverty threshold. However, these children still look very disadvantaged even after tax and In-kind benefits are included in family resources, and thus are of particular concern from a policy perspective.


Where is child poverty concentrated?

Psychological Research has demonstrated that living in poverty has a wide range of negative effects on the physical and mental health and the well-being of our nation's children. Poverty impacts children within their various contexts at home, in school, and in their neighborhoods and communities. Poverty is linked with negative conditions such as substandard housing, homelessness, inadequate nutrition and food insecurity, inadequate child care, lack of access to health care, unsafe neighborhoods, and underresourced schools which adversely impact our nations children. Poorer children and teens are also at greater risk for several negative outcomes, such as poor academic achievement, school dropout, abuse and neglect, behavioral and socioemotional problems, physical health problems, and developmental delays. These effects are compounded by barriers children and their families encounter when trying to access physical and mental health care. Economists estimate that child poverty costs an estimated 500 billion year to the US economy; reducing productivity and economic output by 1. 3 percent of GDP; raise crime and increase health expenditure.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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