Anaemia

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 05 May 2022
global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995-2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. "global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995-2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data.", by Stevens GA, Finucane MM, De-Regil LM, Paciorek CJ, Flaxman SR, Branca F, Peña-Rosas JP, Bhutta ZA, Ezzati M, Nutrition Impact Model Study Group (Anaemi. fig3: Number (millions) of children and pregnant and non-pregnant women with anaemia, by regionNumber with total anaemia includes all those below the relevant cutoff value, including those with severe anaemia....

Anaemia is a problem in which the number of red blood cells or the haemoglobin concentration within them is lower than normal. Haemoglobin is required to carry oxygen and if you have too few or abnormal red blood cells, or not enough haemoglobin, there will be a decreased capacity of the blood to bring oxygen to the body's tissues. Anaemia is a severe global public health issue that especially affects children and pregnant women. WHO estimates that 42% of children less than 5 years old and 40% of pregnant women worldwide are anaemic. Children and pregnant women are specifically susceptible, with an increased risk of mother's and child death. Iron shortage anaemia has additionally been revealed to affect physical and cognitive growth in children and lower performance in adults. School performance in children and reduced work productivity in adults due to anaemia can have better economic and social impacts for the individual and family.

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