Anal Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 03 May 2022

Anal cancer is uncommon type of cancer that influences the very end of the large bowel. The symptoms of anal cancer are usually comparable to more common and less significant conditions influencing the anus, such as heaps and anal cracks. Symptoms of anal cancer can include: bleeding from the bottom; itching and pain around the rectum; small swellings around the anus; a discharge of mucus from the anus; loss of digestive tract control. Some people with anal cancer don't have any symptoms. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends in its 2015 standards that GPs ought to take into consideration referring somebody with unexplained anal swelling or anal abscess. You may have some scans to examine whether the cancer has spread out if these tests recommend you have anal cancer. You can read more about the stages of anal cancer on the Cancer Research UK website. Anal cancer can start anywhere in the anus. Nearly all the remainder of anal cancers are tumors that begin in cells lining the area in between the rectum and rectum. Cloacogenic cancer looks different than squamous cell cancers, but acts similarly and is dealt with the same. The tumors below are skin cancers and are dealt with as skin cancer. There is a link between anal cancer and the human papillomavirus or HPV infection. Anal cancer is more common among HIV/AIDS positive men who make love with other men; Sexual task. Having many sexual partners and having anal sex are both significant dangers. The majority of people who have anal cancer are age 50 or older. Anal cancer is more common amongst women than men in most groups. More African American men get anal cancer than females. Rate of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The rate of new cases of anal cancer was 1. 9 per 100,000 males and females per year. Life Time Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0. 2 percent of women and men will be detected with anal cancer at some time during their lifetime, based on 2017-2019 information. Occurrence of This Cancer: In 2019, there were an estimated 74,752 people living with anal cancer in the United States. The earlier anal cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being identified. The 5-year relative survival for localized anal cancer is 83. 3%. Compared to other cancers, anal cancer is unusual. Anal cancer represents 0. 5% of all new cancer cases in the U. S.

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Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Anal Cancer

(Table source)
StagePercent of Cases5-Year Relative Survival
Localized Confined to Primary Site45%83.3%
Regional Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes34%67.3%
Distant Cancer Has Metastasized14%35.9%
Unknown Unstaged7%62.5%

How Common Is This Cancer?

(Table source)
RankCommon Types of CancerEstimated New Cases 2022Estimated Deaths 2022
1.Breast Cancer (Female)287,85043,250
2.Prostate Cancer268,49034,500
3.Lung and Bronchus Cancer236,740130,180
4.Colorectal Cancer151,03052,580
5.Melanoma of the Skin99,7807,650
6.Bladder Cancer81,18017,100
7.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma80,47020,250
8.Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer79,00013,920
9.Uterine Cancer65,95012,550
10.Pancreatic Cancer62,21049,830
---
25.Anal Cancer9,4401,670

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Anal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races1.6
Non-Hispanic White1.7
Non-Hispanic Black2.3
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.4
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native2.1
Hispanic1.0

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Anal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races2.3
Non-Hispanic White2.8
Non-Hispanic Black1.8
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.5
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native1.2
Hispanic1.6

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Anal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of New Cases
<200.0%
20–341.1%
35–444.6%
45–5416.9%
55–6432.1%
65–7425.8%
75–8413.5%
>846.0%

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Anal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races0.3
Non-Hispanic White0.3
Non-Hispanic Black0.4
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.1
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native0.3
Hispanic0.2

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Anal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races0.3
Non-Hispanic White0.4
Non-Hispanic Black0.3
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.1
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native0.2
Hispanic0.2

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Anal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of Deaths
<200.0%
20–340.7%
35–443.4%
45–5412.9%
55–6426.1%
65–7426.4%
75–8417.9%
>8412.6%
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