Athetosis

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 05 May 2022
early controversies over athetosis: i. clinical features, differentiation from other movement disorders, associated conditions, and pathology. "early controversies over athetosis: i. clinical features, differentiation from other movement disorders, associated conditions, and pathology.", by Lanska DJ. f15: Gross Neuropathology in Double Athetosis.Gross neuropathology in a patient with double athetosis as reported by Philadelphia neurologist William Spiller in 1920.82 Top figure shows a section through the left basal ganglia of a control...

Athetosis refers to the slow, involuntary, and twisting movements of the limbs, face, neck, tongue, and other muscle groups. Athetosis might happen continually and only becomes worse when you try to regulate movement. The most common reason for athetosis is an injury to the basic ganglia, which is the part of the brain responsible for motor control. Athetosis may occur in adults who have a stroke or serious peripheral neuropathy. Disease or damage in the basic ganglia part of your brain can develop symptoms of athetosis. Wilson's disease is unusual genetic disorder that brings about copper poisoning in the body. They are at a higher risk of developing athetosis if a child doesn't get adequate air supply throughout birth. Lack of oxygen causes brain damages and increases dopamine degrees in the brain, influencing the basal ganglia. If your baby is born with high levels of bilirubin, they can get basal ganglia damages. Drugs that increase dopamine degrees in the brain can cause damage to the basic ganglia. CP that takes place as a result of damage to the basic ganglia is referred to as athetoid cerebral palsy. High muscular tissue tone can cause jerky activities and tightness. On the other hand, low muscular tissue tone causes muscular tissue floppiness and produces trouble in positions like staying up. One of the most common symptoms that include athetosis are: Slow, agonizing, and involuntary muscle motions; Tremors; Poor sitting or standing posture; Unsteadiness; Abrupt movements and changes in muscle movements; Twisting of the upper body; Grimacing; Symptoms that become worse with efforts at boosted position or regulated movement.

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