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Bacterial Diseases Treatment

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

Drugs that treat infections in humans include antiviral, antifungal, and antiparasitic medications. Infections in humans caused by microorganisms, and include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. There are more than trillion species of microbes, but only small number cause infection in humans. These are called pathogens. Term antibiotic usually refers to medications that treat bacterial like strep throat, ear infection, or urinary tract infection. But it can be more general term for medications that kill any type of microbe. Antimicrobial or anti - are other general terms. More specific terms include antibacterial medications, which treat infections caused by bacteria; antiviral medications, which treat infections like influenza, HIV, hepatitis C; antifungal medications, which treat infections like yeast infections, toenail infections, or valley fever; and antiparasitic medications, which treat infections like malaria or tapeworms. Pathogenic microbes can develop ways to evade antibiotics, increasing risk of infections that are difficult to treat. Antibiotic resistance is increasing and is top global public health threat. One response to this threat is reintroduction of older antibiotics that previously had fallen out of use. However, many older antibiotics are no longer used because significant side effects. New antibiotics are being develop, but process is slow. Government agencies and professional organizations are involved in efforts to promote development of new antibiotics, and several new antibiotics have been approved in last few years. Another response is that different way to treat bacterial infection, called phage therapy, is under research. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect and kill specific bacteria can be used to treat bacterial infections because bacteriophages do not infect humans. Phage therapy was first recognized at beginning of 20th century but was overshadowed by discovery of antibiotics. In addition to treating antibiotic - resistant bacteria, phage therapy targets specific bacteria, whereas antibiotics affect large range of bacteria, even normal, beneficial ones in digestive tract. Phage therapy is still experimental and is not yet approved by US Food and Drug Administration. Viruses, fungi, and parasites develop resistance to antibiotics too. Hiv develops resistance easily, so patients with HIV always take more 1 type of antiviral medication to reduce development of resistance. Candida auris is new pathogenic fungus that can be resistant to all antifungal medications. Malaria is example of parasite that has developed resistance to many antiparasitic medications, limiting public health efforts to control it globally. Conflict of Interest Dr Moore reports receipt of grants and personal fees from Cepheid and grants from bioMerieux and Curetis. No other disclosures were report.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Introduction

Bacterial DISEASE, any of variety of illnesses by bacteria. Until mid - 20th century, bacterial pneumonia was probably leading cause of death among elderly. Improve sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics have all decreased mortality rates from bacterial infections, ANTIBIOTIC - resistant strains have caused resurgence in some illnesses. In early 21st century, tuberculosis, which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, several strains of which had developed RESISTANCE to one or more drugs widely used to treat infectionwas, among deadliest infectious diseases worldwide. Bacteria cause DISEASE by secreting or excreting toxins, by producing toxins internally, which are when bacteria disintegrate, or by inducing sensitivity to their antigenic properties. Other serious Bacterial Diseases include cholera, diphtheria, Bacterial meningitis, tetanus, Lyme gonorrhea, and syphilis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Symptoms of bacterial diseases vary depending on type of bacterial infection, area of body that is infect, and other factors, such as patients ' age and health history. Symptoms of bacterial diseases can also symptoms of other diseases, such as colitis, influenza, and viral infections. Classic Symptom Of Bacterial Infection Is Fever, Although Not All People With Bacterial Infection Will Have Fever. Bloody urine and painful, frequent urination Diarrhea Flu - like symptoms, irritability Nausea and vomiting Pain such as joint, ear or abdominal Pain Rashes, lesions and abscesses Stiff neck Weakness Infants, Signs of bacterial disease can also include: bulging of soft spot on top of head Difficulty with feeding Excessive crying or fussiness Excessive sleepiness in some cases, bacterial diseases can result in serious or life - threatening complications, such as sepsis or kidney failure. Seek immediate medical care if you, or someone you are with, have any of following symptoms: confusion or delirium Deep, wet chest cough that produces yellow, green or brownish phlegm Difficulty breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath High fever, inappropriate change in alertness or level of consciousness Infants: sink fontanel on top of head, Lethargy, no tears with crying, and few or no wet diapers Lethargy or unresponsiveness not urinating or urinating small amounts of tea - colored urine Seizure

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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