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Basic Occupational Health Services

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

Constitution Of India States That State Shall Make Provisions For Securing Just And Humane Conditions For Work. This provides basis for provision of Occupational Health Services to all citizens of country. However, in reality, there are plenty of opportunities to provide Occupational Health Services to all working population, not only in India, but even in developed world. Occupational Health Services are available only to 10 - 15 percentage of workers worldwide and to miniscule of working population in developing countries. Even where services available, quality and relevance may be low. Though there is intense economic pressure on cost of production all over world, there cannot be trade - off between health and productivity at work. Basic Occupational Health Services are application of primary health care principles in Occupational Health sector. Bohs seeks to provide Occupational Health Services for all working people in world regardless of mode of employment, size of workplace or geographic location, that is, according to principle of universal Services provision. These services are most needed in countries and sectors do not have services at all or which are seriously underserved. It lay stress on importance of national strategy and plan of action to incorporate Occupational Health in all policies. Concept Of BOHS Has Been Developed Jointly By World Health Organization, International Labor Organization, And International Commission On Occupational Health And Has Its Roots In Alma Ata Declaration By WHO. Boh principles were first discussed at WHO / ILO Joint Committee of Occupational Health in 2003. Bohs has become central part of global Occupational Health Services development plans of WHO and ILO. Who, with collaborating centers in Occupational Health, ILO, ICOH and other international organizations, works for BOHS. Bohs shot into limelight with outgoing ICOH President, Prof. Jorma Rantanen, championing cause. Bohs concept envisages coverage of all workers, and has strong focus on prevention. They are to provide for SMEs as well as - employ people through public services. There will have to be different modalities for same. There has to be strong primary health care approach, which needs strong coordination between Health and Labor ministries, in our country. Expert institutions on Occupational Health have important role to play in BOHS and they need to support provision of BOHS by developing low - cost solutions. Protection of health at work, promotion health, well being, work ability and prevention of occupational diseases and accidents. Activities under BOHS encompass not only health surveillance, emergency preparedness and first aid services but also include surveillance of work environment, risk assessment and preventive and control measures. Health education Health Promotion are also integral part of BOHS. Bohs provides practical tool for identifying priorities and pooling scarce resources to integrated and effective Occupational Health systems and Services, tailored to suit national conditions and needs of each country.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Objectives

Occupational Health is discipline devoted to prevention and management of occupational diseases, accidents and disabilities and to elimination of occupational factors and conditions hazardous to Health and Safety at Work; development and promotion of healthy and safe work, work environments and work organizations; enhancement of physical, mental and social well - being of workers and maintenance of their working ability, professional and Social development at Work, and productivity of workers; and enablement of workers To conduct socially and economically productive lives and To contribute positively To sustainable development. In practice, occupational health is most frequently understood as activity aimed minimizing risk to employees ' health from occupational factors and preventing occupational accidents and diseases.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

Like many other countries, India has serious Occupational Health service coverage problem. Therefore, Indian Association of Occupational Health published book on Basic Occupational Health Services for informal Industry. Book and associate projects can be appreciated within WHO's strategy of Universal Health Coverage, focusing workers ' health. Basic Occupational Health Services Strategy Of World Health Organization, International Labor Organization And International Commission On Occupational Health Is Choose Fundament Of Project. Primary Health Care is considered as first level of workers health care for about 85 percentage of 3. 1 billion workers worldwide are not supported by expert - base Occupational Health Services. As is stated in book in Indian context, coverage of such services is minimal for unorganized sector and hardly satisfies expectations of workers regarding access to interventions and protective measures through Basic Occupational Health Services. There is vast inequality in practice of prevention of occupational diseases and in development of healthy workplaces in India. In vision of authors, Basic Care for workers ' health should be integral part of Primary Health Care. Provision of Health Care could be prioritize for those in need and at greatest risk, through financing mechanisms existing for Primary Health Care. Well - supported Primary or community Health Care can deliver Basic Care for workers including significant level of surveillance of work environment, advice for preventive measures, Education, health surveillance for early detection of occupational diseases, first aid and return to work support. Who Hague Conference and common Statement and Pledge of World Organization of Family and ICOH in Lisbon in 2014 are cited in book as signs of new global policy. Correspondingly, education and training of Primary Care providers is main objective of this Indian project, sensitizing professionals to health risks in 22 informal economic activities and occupations. Ambitious Ultimate Target Of Project Is Improvement Of Health And Safety Of About 450 Million Workers In India. More than 90 percentage of these work in informal sector, often in poor conditions and consequently with high risk of occupational diseases and accidents. Unfortunately, statistics are easily available. Authors state that any informal workers receive professional support in health and safety.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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