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Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 19 January 2022

The Basilica of Sant' Andrea is a minor basilica in Mantua.

Alberti possibly prepared for the safe to be coffered, similar to the much shorter barrel safe of the entry, yet absence of funds brought about the safe being constructed as a simple barrel safe with the funds then being painted on.

Heraclea Lyncestis was an ancient Greek city in Macedon, ruled later by the Romans. Heraclea was a strategically essential community during the Hellenistic period, as it went to the side of Macedon's boundary with Epirus to the west and Paeonia to the north, until the center of the 2nd century BC, when the Romans dominated Macedon and ruined its political power. The main Roman roadway in the area, Via Egnatia, went through Heraclea, and Heraclea was an important stop. The Roman emperor Hadrian built a theater in the center of the town, on a hillside, when many structures in the Roman district of Macedonia were being brought back. 3 naves in the Great Basilica are covered with mosaics of very abundant floral and figurative iconography; these well preserved mosaics are commonly considered great examples of the early Christian art period. Today, art chroniclers appreciate Sant' Andrea's Early Renaissance design for elegantly bringing the majesty of old style into a Christian context. The blocks were baked in onsite kilns, making the church less expensive and much faster to erect than a building made with rock, which had to be quarried, moved, and completed.

Gonzaga was the Marquis of Mantua-and in enhancement to utilizing Alberti, he assigned Andrea Mantega as court artist. Alberti was an expert on all points ancient and he created the first Renaissance architectural writing. Surprisingly, there are no side aisles or rows of columns, as at the old St. Peter's in Rome or other early churches like Santa Sabina. Sant' Andrea's substantial central space and buttressing side chapels highly look like the format of the ancient Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine in the Roman discussion forum. It's even possible that Sant' Andrea's unusual plan and all' antica facade affected the new St. Peter's and the Church of the Gesu in Rome.

Christian custom holds that while Jesus was being crucified, a Roman soldier called Longinus pierced his side with a lance. After Jesus died, Longinus repented for his transgression and collected the blood-soaked soil from underneath the cross.

The Basilica di Sant' Andrea was first developed to obtain pilgrims for the Christian feast of the Ascension. Celebrated 40 days after Easter, the banquet notes the moment when Jesus was said to have literally rose into paradise.

During the party at the Basilica di Sant' Andrea, 2 vessels are brought from the crypt under the dome to the interior of the central nave.

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