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Bight of Benin

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Last Updated: 13 November 2020

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Bight of Benin

Basin countriesGhana , Togo , Benin , Nigeria
Coordinates500N 206E / 5.0N 2.1E / 5.0; 2.1
General
SettlementsCotonou
Native nameGolfe du Benin
Ocean/sea sourcesGulf of Guinea Atlantic Ocean
River sourcesNiger

BIGHT REFERS TO bend or curve, most often in crescent shape, that forms an open bay on the coastline. BIGHT of BENIN is a roughly 500-mi-long bend on the West African Coast, stretching from near mouth of Volta River in GHANA eastward across coastlines of TOGO and BENIN TO DELTA of the Niger River in NIGERIA. BIGHT of BENIN receives its name from the centuries-old kingdom of BENIN located in southern NIGERIA. The Nation of BENIN consequently received its name from the coastline in 1975. BIGHT of BENIN is a region rich in culture and history. Prior TO European colonization, major African kingdoms existed in the area, including Asante in what is now GHANA, Fon and Dahomey kingdoms in what is now TOGO and BENIN, and Yoruba and BENIN kingdoms in what is now NIGERIA. Portuguese explorers, reaching the area in 1485, found the city of BENIN TO be as well organized as cities in Europe. Between 1500 and 1800, BENIN kingdom expanded power, largely through trade with Portuguese. The tropical climate brings hardship TO Europeans from disease and trying conditions. Old rhyme state, Beware, Beware BIGHT of BENIN, for few come out though many go in. Also known as the Slave Coast, region was an important area of Slave trading from the 1500s to 1800s. Some pre-European slavery was practice, largely as prisoner labor resulting from wars among kingdoms. Slavery expands with European contact, with most males sent abroad and females staying within Africa. Dahomey kingdom become major source of transatlantic Slave trade TO BRAZIL, Caribbean, and UNITED STATES. Kingdom was the origin of an estimated 14. 5 percent of US Slaves. The Cities of Abomey and Ouidah have become international cultural and trading centers. Many Slaves speak the Gbe language and practice the religion of Vodun. As many as 10 000 TO 15 000 slaves are exported per year. By early TO mid-1700s, so many local Slaves were exporting that prices rose and other African regions TO West and south were exploit. King Duezo of Dahomey brought independence from Yoruba in the early 1800s. The Abolition of slavery in BRAZIL in 1880 brought liberated Slaves back from BRAZIL. Many were skilled tradesmen who form upper class in Porto Novo and Lagos, bringing some Portuguese architecture that had been popular in colonial BRAZIL. Palm oil then became a major regional export until petroleum oil was discovered in Niger River DELTA in 1950s. Cotton and cocoa are also major exports. Coastal population today include nations of GHANA, TOGO, BENIN, and NIGERIA. BIGHT of BENIN has a long dry season from November TO end of March, drive by northerly Harmattan winds. It has first rainy season from April TO July, short dry period in August, and a second rainy season in September and October. Rainfall can exceed 10 in June and 50 annually.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Geography

It extends eastward for about 640 kilometres from the Cape. Paul to Nun outlet of Niger River. To the east it continues by Bight of Bonny. The Republic of Benin and this Bight were both named after the Kingdom of Benin. Historical associations with Atlantic Slave trade led to the region becoming known as the Slave Coast. As in many other regions across Africa, powerful indigenous kingdoms along the Bight of Benin rely heavily on long established Slave trade that expanded greatly after the arrival of European powers and became global trade with the colonization of the Americas. Estimates from 1640s suggest that Benin takes in 1200 slaves a year. Restrictions make it hard for Slave volume to grow until new states and different routes begin to make an increase in Slave trade possible.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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