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Bin Wang (meteorologist)

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Bin Wang (meteorologist)

Born( 1944-10-25 ) October 25, 1944 (age 75) Qingdao , Shandong , China
OccupationMeteorologist
Years active1980s - present
AwardsThe Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal 2015 Fellow, American Geophysical Union, 2013 Fellow, American Meteorological Society, 2009 University of Hawaii Board of Regents Medal for Excellence in Research, 2013

The hallmark of cancer is genomic instability. Defects in the ability of cells to properly respond to and repair DNA damage result in genomic instability and underlie many forms of cancer. The goal of our research is to understand how cells respond to DNA damage and safeguard the integrity of the genome. We use functional and molecular approaches that involve imaging, CRISPR / Cas9 gene editing, genetics screens, high throughput sequencing, mass spectrometry, mouse model, etc. How does the hereditary breast tumor suppressor BRCA1 interaction network suppress breast tumor development?;. How does chromatin modification at sites of DNA damage regulate DNA repair and transcription?;. How do cells protect genome stability in response to DNA replication stress?

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Plain Language Summary

The Chinese - American Oceanic and Atmospheric Association organized the Eighth COAA International Conference on Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Change, which was held at Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology campus in Nanjing, China, during summer. This International Conference 1 provides a platform for weather and climate experts in the International Oceanic and Atmospheric sciences community to communicate their research, share ideas and experiences, and inspire new research strategies. It also provides a great opportunity for students and young scholars to forge professional relationships through their interactions with experts and senior professionals. Global warming has emerged as a big threat to the security of human society and civilization. Understanding problems of this scale and providing solutions to Climate Change issues require involvement of researchers from countries all over the world and of different disciplines and research expertise. In light of this view, Eighth ICAOCC focus on the theme of understanding climate change and accurate weather predictions under global warming. It covers several areas that are key to understanding of climate change and its impact, including climate observations using satellite and conventional means, climate and hydrometeorological extremes, climate modeling and observational analyses, Climate Change impact and adaptation, oceanlandatmosphere interactions, data assimilation techniques for accurate weather prediction, and severe weather analysis and prediction. The 3 - day conference showcased more than 150 oral presentations and 40 posters within 11 scientific sessions. Senior researchers and young scholars share their research results during the meeting. Participants came from six countries, majority from the United States and China. Eighth ICAOCC succeed in facilitating communication of ideas and experiences in practical application of innovative research to study Climate Change, weather prediction and global warming. The conference serves as the premier platform for promoting international collaborations, key to tackling such global problems as climate change, weather forecasting, and air pollution. With an increasing number of participants, ICOACC could become the major International Conference in these fields to help policy makers around the world to develop better strategies and work together to confront global challenges. Dr. Bin Wang shows that decadal variability of Northern Hemisphere land monsoon rainfall is determined primarily by NorthSouth Hemispheric thermal contrast in Atlantic and Indian Oceans and by eastwest thermal contrast in the Pacific. Numerical hindcast simulations demonstrate that decadal changes of NHLMR can be predicted approximately decade in advance with significant skills. Dr. Zhuo Wang discusses variability of tropical cyclone activities on a global scale. With more frequent Rossby wave breaking due to Climate Change over North Atlantic, basinwide TC counts are reduce, and TCs become less intense, have shorter lifetime, and are less likely to make landfalls. Dr. Qinghua Ding presented a global view of large - scale atmospheric circulation variability over the last 100 years. Classical ENSO is the leading factor driving global circulation variability on an interannual time scale. On longer time scales, circulation changes in polar regions have largely been driven by interdecadal tropical SST variability.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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4 TwoYear El Nino Events

A new study with major implications for India claims that El Nino events could get more devastating in coming years due to climate change. An international team of climate researchers that write study published in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences journal analyse 33 El Nino events from 1901 to 2017. El Nino, Ocean - Atmospheric phenomenon organised by unusual warming of waters in the equatorial Pacific, is associated with weather extremes like drier conditions in India, Australia and the Middle East, and floods in places like Peru, England and parts of western USA like California. The research team, led by Bin Wang of University of Hawaii International Pacific Research Center, also classified 33 El Nino events into 4 categories based on onset location of warming, its evolution and its ultimate strength. Base on this, they find that three of 5 extreme El Nino events happened after 1970in 1982, 1997 and 2015 respectively. Continue global warming will create ideal conditions for more such events, team find. If observed background changes continue under future anthropogenic forcing, more frequent extreme El Nino events will induce profound socioeconomic consequences, they write. Take, for example, recent 2015 - 16 El Nino event. It was organised by massive global impacts: huge crop losses across Africa, drought and wildfires in Australia, below - average monsoon rains in India in 2015 and flooding and mudslides in South American countries like Peru, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, and Argentina. Next year, between December 2016 and March 2017, floods linked to El Nino killed 80 people in Peru and displaced 110 000 others. In India, studies have shown longer, more frequent and extensive heatwave conditions in years following the El Nino event. Earlier this year, study by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology said that El Nino Modoki events and soil moisture depletion are likely to double the number of heatwaves in the country, from 54 between 1961 - 2005 to 138 between 2020 - 2064. Last month, United Nations said in a report that climate change had raised ocean temperatures, making them more acidic and less fertile, and meaning that meteorological phenomena like hurricanes and El Nino are bind to become more severe and frequent. Team found that since 1978, climate change has been driving onset location of El Ninos further and further westward in Pacific waters. Before this, onset mainly occurred in the eastern part of the Pacific. The westward shift of El Nino, which is likely to happen due to warming waters of the western Pacific among other factors, also signifies the tendency for El Nino events to become more severe, causing widespread damage across the world.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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