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Bladder Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022
bladder cancer stage 0 "bladder cancer stage 0", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Stage 0 bladder cancer; drawing shows the bladder, ureter, prostate, and urethra. First inset shows stage 0a (also called noninvasive papillary carcinoma) on the inner lining of the bladder. Second inset shows stage 0is (also...

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer begins in the bladder, it is called bladder cancer. Yearly in the United States, about 56,000 men and 17,500 women get bladder cancer, and about 12,000 men and 4,700 women die from the disease. Needing to pee often; Pain while peing; Back pain; Pelvic pain. Smoking cigarettes is one of the most important risk factor for bladder cancer. Other risk factors include, Having a family history of bladder cancer; Having certain genetics mutations. To lower the risk of bladder cancer, do not smoke and be especially careful around specific types of chemicals. People that have one or more of these nonspecific illness commonly do not have bladder cancer, however have another problem such as an infection. There are numerous types of bladder cancer, categorized by the type of cell in the tissue that comes to be cancerous. If the tumor spreads past the cellular lining of the bladder into neighboring tissues or organs, it is referred to as invasive bladder cancer. It's known as advanced or metastatic bladder cancer if bladder cancer has spread out to other parts of the body. Most cases of bladder cancer seem triggered by exposure to harmful substances, which lead to abnormal changes in the bladder's cells over years. Tobacco smoke is a common cause and it's approximated that more than 1 in 3 cases of bladder cancer are brought on by smoking cigarettes.

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Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Bladder Cancer

(Table source)
StagePercent of Cases5-Year Relative Survival
In Situ Only in Originating Layer of Cells51%96.0%
Localized Confined to Primary Site34%69.6%
Regional Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes7%39.0%
Distant Cancer Has Metastasized5%7.7%
Unknown Unstaged3%49.1%

How Common Is This Cancer?

(Table source)
RankCommon Types of CancerEstimated New Cases 2022Estimated Deaths 2022
1.Breast Cancer (Female)287,85043,250
2.Prostate Cancer268,49034,500
3.Lung and Bronchus Cancer236,740130,180
4.Colorectal Cancer151,03052,580
5.Melanoma of the Skin99,7807,650
6.Bladder Cancer81,18017,100
7.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma80,47020,250
8.Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer79,00013,920
9.Uterine Cancer65,95012,550
10.Pancreatic Cancer62,21049,830

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bladder Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races32.4
Non-Hispanic White38.5
Non-Hispanic Black18.9
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander15.3
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native21.6
Hispanic17.6

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bladder Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races8.0
Non-Hispanic White9.5
Non-Hispanic Black6.1
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander3.5
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native5.6
Hispanic4.8

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Bladder Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of New Cases
<200.0%
20–340.5%
35–441.2%
45–545.2%
55–6417.9%
65–7431.7%
75–8428.8%
>8414.7%

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bladder Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races7.3
Non-Hispanic White8.1
Non-Hispanic Black5.3
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander2.8
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native4.5
Hispanic3.9

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bladder Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races2.1
Non-Hispanic White2.2
Non-Hispanic Black2.3
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.9
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native1.7
Hispanic1.3

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Bladder Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of Deaths
<200.0%
20–340.1%
35–440.4%
45–542.7%
55–6410.9%
65–7422.4%
75–8431.5%
>8431.9%
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