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Brain Cancer Symptoms

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape close them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. A Brain Tumor, know as an intracranial Tumor, is an abnormal mass of tissue in which cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by mechanisms that control normal cells. More than 150 different brain tumors have been document, but two main groups of brain tumors are termed primary and metastatic. Primary brain tumors include tumors that originate from tissues of the brain or the brain's immediate surroundings. Primary tumors are categorized as glial or non - glial and benign or malignant. Metastatic Brain tumors include tumors that arise elsewhere in the body and migrate to the brain, usually through the bloodstream. Metastatic tumors are considered cancer and are malignant. Metastatic tumors to brain affect nearly one in four patients with cancer, or an estimated 150 000 people a year. Up to 40 percent of people with lung cancer will develop metastatic brain tumors. In the past, outcomes for patients diagnosed with these tumors were very poor, with typical survival rates of just several weeks. More sophisticated diagnostic tools, in addition to innovative surgical and radiation approaches, have helped survival rates expand up to years; and also allowed for improved quality of life for patients following diagnosis. Chordomas are benign, slow - growing tumors that are most prevalent in people ages 50 to 60. Their most common locations are the base of the skull and lower portion of the spine. Although these tumors are benign, they may invade adjacent bone and put pressure on nearby neural tissue. These are rare tumors, contributing to only 0. 2 percent of all primary brain tumors. Craniopharyngiomas are typically benign, but are difficult tumors to remove because of their location near critical structures deep in the brain. They usually arise from a portion of the pituitary gland, so nearly all patients will require some hormone replacement therapy. Gangliocytomas, gangliomas and anaplastic gangliogliomas are rare tumors that include neoplastic nerve cells that are relatively well - differentiate, occurring primarily in young adults. Glomus jugulare tumors are most frequently benign and typically are located just under the skull base, at top of the jugular vein. They are the most common form of glomus Tumor. However, glomus tumors, in general, contribute to only 0. 6 percent of neoplasms in the head and neck. Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors, comprising 10 to 15 percent of all brain neoplasms, although a very small percentage are malignant. These tumors originate from meninges, membrane - like structures that surround the brain and spinal cord. Pineocytomas are generally benign lesions that arise from pineal cells, occurring predominantly in adults. They are most often well - define, noninvasive, homogeneous and slow - growing.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

A risk factor is anything that may increase your chance of having disease. The exact cause of someone's cancer may not be know. But risk factors can make it more likely for a person to have cancer. Some risk factors may not be in your control. But others may be things you can change. Most brain tumors occur in people without any known risk factors. But some things may increase your risk for brain tumors. They include: radiation exposure Certain inherited syndromes, including neurofibromatosis and von Hippel - Lindau disease Family history of brain tumors Weak immune system talk with your healthcare provider about your risk factors for brain cancer and what you can do about them.


What are the symptoms of brain cancer?

Many people feel worried, depressed, and stressed when dealing with cancer. Getting treatment for cancer can be hard on your mind and body. Keep talking with your healthcare team about any problems or concerns you have. Work together to ease the effect of cancer and its symptoms on your daily life. Talk with your family or friends. Ask your healthcare team or social worker for help. Speak with counselor. Talk with a spiritual advisor, such as a minister or rabbi. Ask your healthcare team about medicines for depression or anxiety. Keep socially active. Join a cancer support group. Cancer treatment is also hard on the body. To help yourself stay healthier, try to: eat a healthy diet, with as many protein foods as possible. Drink plenty of water, fruit juices, and other liquids. Keep physically active. Rest as much as you need. Talk with your healthcare team about ways to manage treatment side effects. Take your medicines as directed by your team.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor's size, location and rate of growth. General signs and symptoms caused by brain tumors may include: new onset or change in pattern of headaches Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe Unexplained Nausea or Vomiting Vision Problems, such as Blurred Vision, double Vision or loss of peripheral Vision, Gradual loss of sensation or movement in arm or leg Difficulty with Balance Speech difficulties Confusion in everyday matters Personality or behavior Changes Seizures, especially in someone who doesn't have history of Seizures Hearing Problems

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Cancer is named based on where in your body it begin. Brain cancer begins in your brain. This is sometimes referred to as primary brain cancer. You can also have cancer that has spread to your brain after starting somewhere else in your body. This is called metastatic brain cancer. Cancerous tumors in the brain are typically metastatic and not due to primary brain cancer. There are also types and grades of brain tumors. The tumor type is based on where its located in your brain, and grade indicates how quickly the tumor grow. Grades range from 1 to 4. Grade 4 has fastest growth. There are more than 120 types of brain tumors. However, there is no standard for naming them according to type, and there are many subtypes. Different doctors might use different names for the same tumor.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Risk factors

Researchers have discovered several brain cancer risk factors, which are traits that can make a person more susceptible to tumors of the brain and spinal cord. Common risk factors of brain cancer include: radiation Exposure Genetics weaken immune system Age Biological sex Exposure to pesticides, herbicides and fertilizer Exposure to elements, such as lead, plastic, rubber, petroleum and certain textiles family history of brain tumors thats not to say that people who have one of these traits will develop cancer; many people have several of these characteristics and live perfectly healthy lives. Additionally, brain tumors can develop in people who have no known risk factors at all. For the most part, risk factors are used to identify individuals who should closely monitor their health and report any potential brain cancer symptoms to physician. Taking a closer look at more common risk factors of brain cancer may be helpful for individuals who are determining their own levels of risk:


Family history

Turcot syndrome describes people who have many colon polyps and an increased risk of colorectal cancer, as well as increased risk for certain types of brain tumors. But this syndrome is actually made up of two different hereditary conditions: when linked with familial adenomatous polyposis, there is a mutation in the APC gene. In people with this gene mutation, brain tumors are typically medulloblastomas. When linked with Lynch syndrome, mutation is in one of the mismatch repair genes, such as MLH1 or PMS2. In people with one of these gene mutations, brain tumors are usually gliomas.


What is a brain tumor?

Symptoms of brain tumors depend on location and size of tumor. Some tumors cause direct damage by invading brain tissue and some tumors cause pressure on the surrounding brain. Youll have noticeable symptoms when a growing tumor is putting pressure on your brain tissue. Headaches are common symptom of brain tumor. You may experience headaches that: are worse in the morning when waking up occur while youre sleeping. They are made worse by coughing, sneezing, or exercise vomiting, blur vision or double vision, confusion, seizures, weakness of limbs or part of face, change in mental functioning, clumsiness, memory loss, confusion, difficulty writing or reading changes in ability to hear, taste, or smell decreased alertness, which may include drowsiness and loss of consciousness difficulty swallowing dizziness or vertigo eye problems, such as drooping eyelids and unequal pupils uncontrollable movements hand tremors loss of balance loss of bladder or bowel control numbness or tingling on one side of body trouble speaking or understanding what others are saying changes in mood, personality, emotions, and behavior difficulty walking muscle weakness in face, arm, or leg

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Brain Tumors and Brain Cancer

A Brain tumor is abnormal growth or mass of cells in or around the brain. It is also called a central nervous system tumor. Brain tumors can be malignant or benign. Some tumors grow quickly; others are slow - growing. Only about one - third of brain tumors are cancerous. But whether they are cancerous or not, brain tumors can impair brain function if they grow large enough to press on surrounding nerves, blood vessels and tissue. Tumors that develop in the brain are called primary tumors. Tumors that spread to the brain after forming in different parts of the body are called secondary tumors or metastatic tumors. This article focuses on primary tumors. There are more than 100 types of primary brain and spinal cord tumors.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Treatment

When possible, brain tumors are removed through surgery. While many can be removed with little or no damage to the brain, others are located where surgical removal is difficult or impossible without destroying critical parts of the brain. Brain damage caused by surgery can lead to partial paralysis, changes in sensation, weakness and poor thinking. Even so, removing tumors is necessary when it threatens important brain structures. Even when it can't cure the malignancy, surgery can help reduce the size of the tumor, ease symptoms and help determine the type of tumor and best treatment. Radiation Chemotherapy Stem cell transplantation


Causes and Risk Factors for Brain Cancer

The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system. Cancer may begin in the CNS or, more commonly, it may spread there. Primary Brain tumors are tumors that form from brain cells. Brain metastases are tumors that have spread to the brain from another location in the body, such as the lung, colon, breast or kidney. Brain metastases are more common than primary brain tumors. In the United States, more than 190 000 people are diagnosed with Brain Tumors each year, according to the National Brain Tumor Society, with the median age at diagnosis being 58. Depending on tumor type, size, location and extent, as well as patients ' age and health history, brain cancer symptoms may vary.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

CT Scan vs. MRI

This test is used mainly to look for cancer cells in cerebrospinal fluid, liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. For this test, you lie on your side on bed or exam table with your knees up near your chest. The doctor first numbs area in the lower part of back near the spine. A small, hollow needle is then placed between the bones of the spine to withdraw some of the fluid. This fluid is sent to the lab to be looked at for cancer cells. Other tests may be done on fluid as well. Lumbar punctures are usually very safe, but doctors have to make sure the test does not result in a large drop in fluid pressure inside the skull, which could possibly cause serious problems. For this reason, imaging tests such as CT or MRI scans are done first. Lumbar punctures are usually arent done to diagnose brain tumors, but they may be done to help determine the extent of tumor by looking for cancer cells in CSF. They are often used if a tumor has already been diagnosed as a type that can commonly spread through CSF, such as ependymoma. Lumbar punctures are particularly important in people with suspected brain lymphomas because lymphoma cells often spread into CSF.


Imaging tests

Mri scans are very good for looking at the brain and spinal cord and are considered the best way to look for tumors in these areas. The images they provide are usually more detailed than those from CT scans. But they do not pick up bones of skull as well as CT scans and therefore may not show effects of tumors on the skull. Mri scans use radio waves and strong magnets to make pictures. Contrast material called gadolinium may be injected into the vein before scanning to help see details better. Special types of MRI can be useful in some situations: magnetic resonance angiography and magnetic resonance venography: these special types of MRI may be used to look at blood vessels in the brain. This can be very useful before surgery to help surgeon plan the operation. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy: this test can be done as part of MRI. It measures biochemical changes in area of the brain. By comparing results of tumor to that of normal brain tissue, it can sometimes help determine the type of tumor, although biopsy of the tumor is often still needed to get an accurate diagnosis. Mrs can also be used after treatment to help determine if an area that still looks abnormal on another test is remaining tumor or if it is more likely to be scar tissue. Magnetic resonance perfusion: For this test, also know as perfusion MRI, contrast dye is injected quickly into the vein. A special type of MR image is then obtained to look at the amount of blood going through different parts of the brain and tumor. Tumors often have bigger blood supply than normal areas of the brain. Faster growing tumor may need more blood. Perfusion MRI can give doctors an idea of the best place to take a biopsy. It can also be used after treatment to help determine if an area that still looks abnormal is remaining tumor or if it is more likely to be scar tissue. Functional MRI: this test looks for tiny blood flow changes in the active part of the brain. It can be used to determine what part of the brain handles functions such as speech, think, sensation, or movement. Doctors can use this to help determine which parts of the brain to avoid when planning surgery or radiation therapy. This test is similar to standard MRI, except that you will be asked to do specific tasks while scans are being done.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Benign vs. Malignant Brain Tumors

Benign brain tumors are aggressive and normally spread to surrounding tissues, although they can be serious and even life - threatening. Benign brain tumors usually have clearly defined borders and usually are deeply rooted in brain tissue. This makes them easier to surgically remove if they are in an area of the brain where is safe to operate. But they can come back. Benign tumors are less likely to come back than cancerous ones. Even benign brain tumors can be a serious health problem. Brain tumors can damage cells around them by causing inflammation and putting increased pressure on nearby tissue, as well as inside your skull.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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