Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 03 May 2022

A swelling is a common skin injury that leads to a staining of the skin. Blood from damaged blood cells deep under the skin gathers near the surface area of the skin, leading to what we take a blue and black mark. When they bump into something or when something bumps into them, people usually get bruises. Bruises can occur in some people that exercise vigorously, such as athletes and weight lifters. These bruises arise from tiny splits in capillary under the skin. Unusual bruises that occur quickly or for no apparent reason might show a bleeding disorder, especially if the wounding is accompanied by frequent nosebleeds or hemorrhaging gums. Due to the fact that their skin has come to be thinner with age, bruises in elderly people often occur. Bruises are more common in those taking medicine to thin the blood. A bruise is generally tender, and occasionally even painful for the first couple of days, but the pain usually disappears as the shade discolors.

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