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Canadian Hockey Association (1909–10)

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Montreal Canadiens, Canadian professional ice hockey team based in Montreal. The oldest continually operating team in the National Hockey League, Canadiens have won more Stanley Cup titles than any other team and are the most successful franchise in League history. The Canadiens were established in 1909 as one of the founding teams of the National Hockey Association, forerunner of the NHL. The Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup Championship in the 1915-16 season, triumphing in a thrilling five-game series against Portland Rosebuds of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Centre Howie Morenzwho, is considered by many to have been the greatest hockey player of pre-World War II, joined the team in 1923 and led Montreal to Stanley Cup victories in 1924, 1930, and 1931. Before the 1926-27 season, Canadiens moved into Montreal Forum, their home stadium for 70 seasons before teams departure in 1996. After Montreals fourth Stanley Cup title, in the 1930-31 season, Canadiens failed to win the Cup for 12 years, team's longest such drought of the century. In 1942, Montreal signed right wing Maurice Richard, future Hall of Famer who would go on to become the franchise career leader in goals. Richard teamed with Centre Elmer Lach and left wing Toe Blake to form the high-scoring Punch Line, and the trio headline Canadiens squads that won the Stanley Cup in 1944 and 1946. Blake retired in 1948, but he rejoined the team before the 1955-56 season as head coach, and he led the Canadiens into the most dominant period in team history. Blake guided a star-fill lineup that included Richard, his younger brother Henri Richard, Jean Beliveau, Doug Harvey, and Jacques Plante to record five consecutive Stanley Cups from 1956 to 1960. By the time he retired from coaching in 1968, Blake had coached the Canadiens to three more Stanley Cups, and his teams placed lower than second only once in his 13 years on bench. Montreal continued to dominate the League in the 1970s, winning six more Stanley Cups in that decade, including four in a row from 1976 to 1979 with teams lead by head coach Scotty Bowman and featuring future Hall of Fame players Guy Lafleur, Ken Dryden, and Larry Robinson. Maurice Richard and Jacques Plante Maurice Richard and goalie Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens defending goal during the 1956 Stanley Cup playoffs. UPI / Bettmann / Detroit Times Plante, Jacques Jacques Plante. Weekend Magazine / Louis Jaques / Library and archive Canada, accession number e002505659 Canadiens faded slightly in the 1980s, at least by their own incredibly high standards. While the team still qualify for the play-offs in each season of decade, they have won just one Stanley Cup. The Championship team of 1985-86 featured rookie goaltender Patrick Roy, who became the youngest Conn Smythe Trophy winner ever that year and would later retireafter finishing his career with the Colorado Avalanche as the NHLs winningest goalie of all time. The Canadiens won their 24 Stanley Cup title behind Roys netminding in the 1992-93 season.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

History

Season by Season record

SeasonTeamsChampion
1910Cobalt Silver Kings , Haileybury Hockey Club , Montreal Canadiens , Montreal Shamrocks , Montreal Wanderers , Ottawa Senators , Renfrew Creamery KingsMontreal Wanderers
1910-11Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs , Renfrew Creamery KingsOttawa Senators
1911-12Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec BulldogsQuebec Bulldogs
1912-13Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto , Toronto TecumsehsQuebec Bulldogs
1913-14Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto OntariosToronto (won playoff over Canadiens)
1914-15Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksOttawa Senators (won playoff over Wanderers)
1915-16Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksMontreal Canadiens
1916-17Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto 228th BattalionMontreal Canadiens (won playoff over Ottawa)

CHA was formed by three teams from the Eastern Canada Hockey Association: Ottawa, Quebec, and Montreal Shamrocks. They want to form a new League after Montreal Wanderers of ECHA were sold to new owners that want to move the club to the smaller Jubilee Arena. CHA rejects applications from Wanderers and other teams who then form their own League, National Hockey Association. The new teams in the League were All-Montreal, organize by former Wanderers captain Art Ross, and francophone Montreal Le National. The backers of NHA include some very successful businessmen who had much deeper pockets than CHA owners. CHA folded on January 15 1910, after only a handful of games were play. Ottawa and Shamrocks were immediately absorbed into NHA, while Quebec joined the League for the 1910-11 season. During its brief season, Ottawa Senators won the Stanley Cup challenge against Galt, champions of the Ontario Professional Hockey League. Because of this, and the challenge during NHA season, Senators are considered co-champions of the Stanley Cup in 1910.

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Table

TeamLocationArenaTenureNotes
Cobalt Silver KingsCobalt, OntarioThe Sports Palace1909-1910league franchise rights go to Quebec Bulldogs ; rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Haileybury CometsHaileybury, OntarioCobalt-Haileybury Curling Club Curling Rink1909-1910rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Les CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena1909-1910renamed Montreal Canadiens
Montreal ShamrocksMontreal, QuebecVictoria Rink1909-1910withdrew; join Montreal City Hockey League for 1912-1913 season
Montreal WanderersMontreal, QuebecWestmount Arena1909-1917join National Hockey League
Ottawa Hockey ClubOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1909-1912renamed Ottawa Senators
Renfrew Creamery KingsRenfrew, OntarioRenfrew Hockey Arena1909-1911fold
Montreal CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena (1910-1911), Westmount Arena (1911-1917)1910-1917join National Hockey League
Quebec BulldogsQuebec City, QuebecQuebec Skating Rink (1910-1913) Quebec Arena (1913-1917)1910-1917suspend operations for 1918-19 season; join National Hockey League for 1919-20 season
Ottawa SenatorsOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1912-1917join National Hockey League
Toronto BlueshirtsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1917suspended by league to keep league number of teams even (and dislike of team owner); left in league by themselves when balance of teams form National Hockey League ; players form nucleus of Toronto Arenas
Toronto TecumsehsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1913renamed Toronto Ontarios
Toronto OntariosToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1913-1914renamed Toronto Shamrocks
Toronto ShamrocksToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1914-1915fold
Toronto 228th BattalionToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1916-1917withdrew February 1917 when unit was deployed overseas

Team Origins

TeamYearsOrigin
Cobalt Silver Kings1909-10new, players taken over by Quebec Bulldogs in 1911
Haileybury Hockey Club1909-10new, players taken over by Montreal Canadiens for 1911
Montreal Canadiens1909-17new, known as Les Canadiens in 1910 season
Montreal Shamrocks1910from ECHA, joined January 1910
Montreal Wanderers1909-17from ECHA, joined December 1909
Ottawa Senators1910-17from ECHA, joined January 1910
Quebec Bulldogs1910-17from ECHA, joined December 1910
Renfrew Creamery Kings1909-11from Federal League, joined December 1909
Toronto Blueshirts1912-17new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto Tecumsehs renamed Toronto Ontarios , 1913-1914 renamed Toronto Shamrocks , 19151912-16new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto 228th Battalion1916-17new, took place of Tecumsehs/Ontarios/Shamrocks for 1916-17 season, composed of professional hockey players in military
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Final standing

Final standing

TeamGPWLTGFGA
Ottawa Hockey Club33004412
Quebec Bulldogs32102022
All-Montreal HC42202024
Montreal Shamrocks42203233
Montreal Le National40402550

CHA was formed by three teams from the Eastern Canada Hockey Association: Ottawa, Quebec, and Montreal Shamrocks. They want to form a new league after Montreal Wanderers of ECHA were sold to new owners that want to move the club to the smaller Jubilee Arena. CHA rejects applications from Wanderers and other teams who then form their own league, National Hockey Association. The backers of NHA include some very successful businessmen who had much deeper pockets than CHA owners. CHA folded on January 15 1910, after only a handful of games were play. Ottawa and Shamrocks were immediately absorbed into NHA. As Stanley Cup champions, Ottawas attempted to arrange three Stanley Cup challenge series which had been accepted by Stanley Cup trustees. Series with Edmonton and Galt, Ontario were arrange, but planned against the Winnipeg Shamrocks was abandoned when Winnipeg wired that they could not keep their team intact. Ottawas won both the Galt and Edmonton series. Ottawa is considered co-champions of the Stanley Cup in 1910. With two competing leagues, competition for players was fierce. Renfrew wanted to get as many players from Ottawa as it could. While not signing Fred Lake, Dubby Kerr or Marty Walsh, Renfrew was able to sign Cyclone Taylor. Edgar Dey leaves to play with Haileybury.


Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association (1906-1909)

The Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association was formed on December 11 1905, consolidation of clubs who previously had been members of the Canadian Amateur Hockey League and Federal Amateur Hockey League. Ottawa Silver Seven and Montreal Wanderers were added from the FAHL. Replace in 1909 by the Canadian Hockey Association, which was short live before merging with the National Hockey Association. The league had six teams in each of its first three seasons, but last season it had only four teams. The League was the last of so called Amateur leagues of late 1800's to early 1900's. Amateur leagues, like the powerful Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association, were quietly paying top players under the table. Finally, realizing that there was no way to stop this, Stanley Cup was officially opened to professionals in 1906, and the firs sactioned professional team to win it was the Montreal Wanderers. Bitterness over the use of professionals grow in ECAHA, and in 1909 last two Amateur teams, Montreal AAA and Montreal Victorias, dropped out of ECAHA. Within a year, new pro League named Canadian Hockey Association was formed from the remaining ECAHA teams. The Allan Cup championship had been launched in 1908 as Canadas new true Amateur trophy, replacing the Stanley Cup for Amateur clubs.

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Goalkeeper Averages

NameGPGASOAvg.
LeSueur, Percy126615.5

Scoring leaders

NameGPG
Walsh, Marty1123
Ridpath, Bruce1215
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Season summary

Goalkeeper Averages

NameGPGASOAvg.
LeSueur, Percy126615.5

The Montreal Canadiens were born on December 4 1909 in room 129 Of Windsor Hotel. J. Ambrose o'brien, businessman and sports entrepreneur from the OTTAWA region, with financial backing from business partner TC Hare, submitted one thousand dollar National Hockey Association League entry fee and made guarantees for player salaries in the amount of 5 000. Montreal Wanderers had been one of the stronger teams in the Eastern Canadian Amateur Hockey Association in 1908-09 and the owners of the club were upset that ECAHA's other 3 teams-OTTAWA Senators, Montreal Shamrocks, and Quebec Bulldogs-had left them behind to create a newly formed League called Canadian Hockey Association. CHA was created on November 13 1909 and was from of OTTAWA, Montreal, and Quebec franchises, in addition to Montreal National, and the team known as All-Montreal. O'brien meanwhile, had sports and Arena interests in Renfrew, Haileybury and Cobalt and was sought out by Wanderers owners to form new rival League To CHA. Include in their ideas, was one For Montreal base team comprised mainly of French speaking players, To counter the same idea of CHA's Montreal National. It would be called Montreal Canadiens, and their colours would be blue and white. There was one small problem, these Montreal Canadiens had no Arena to play in. The issue was solved by the Wanderers, who wanted this New League to work out in such a bad way, that they would share their home rink, Jubilee Arena, with the Canadiens. Hence, the National Hockey Association was born, with the newly cteated Canadiens joining forces with Renfrew Creamery Kings, Cobalt Silver Kings, Haileybury Comets, and, of course, Wanderers. The Canadiens and NHA, in its rivalry with CHA, endured a difficult birth with several false starts. After part of the initial schedule was remade and finally scrap, NHA accept, or conspired to lure as theory go, two additional franchises from CHA-Senators and Shamrocks-And began Season new in January of 1910. Jack Laviolette, star player with Montreal National Of Federal Amateur Hockey League, Michigan Soo Indians Of International Hockey League, and Montreal Shamrocks Of Eastern Canadien Amateur Hockey Association, was regarded as one of the brighter hockey men the City Of Montreal had in the early 1900's. He was brought in by owner o'brien and team with secretary treasurer Eddy McCaffery the forming the group of players that would comprise the inaugural Montreal Canadiens team. Laviolette, in addition to being manager, would also serve as the team's best defenseman and captain. He completed the task of getting players in place in less than one month. Born Jean Baptiste Jack Laviolette in Belleville, Ontario on July 27 1879, he moved with his family to Valleyfield, Quebec at age 12, where he developed a love of game of hockey in his best friend, Didier Cannonball Pitre's backyard rink.

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Scoring leaders

NameGPG
Walsh, Marty1123
Ridpath, Bruce1215
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Stanley Cup Challenges

Table

YearTimes Cup AwardedChampions
18931Montreal HC (March 9)
18941Montreal HC (March 22)
18952Montreal Victorias (March 6) Montreal HC (March 9)
18963Winnipeg Victorias (February 14) Winnipeg Victorias (February 29) Montreal Victorias (December 30)
18972Montreal Victorias (February 27) Montreal Victorias (December 27)
18981Montreal Victorias (February 19)
18993Montreal Victorias (February 18) Montreal Shamrocks (March 4) Montreal Shamrocks (March 14)
19003Montreal Shamrocks (February 15) Montreal Shamrocks (March 1) Montreal Shamrocks (March 7)
19011Winnipeg Victorias (January 31) Winnipeg Victorias (February 19)
19022Winnipeg Victorias (January 23) Montreal HC (March 17)
19033Montreal HC (February 4) Ottawa HC (March 10) Ottawa HC (March 14)
19044Ottawa HC (January 4) Ottawa HC (February 25) Ottawa HC (March 2) Ottawa HC (March 11)
19053Ottawa HC (January 16) Ottawa HC (March 3) Ottawa HC (March 9)
19064Ottawa HC (February 28) Ottawa HC (March 8) Montreal Wanderers (March 17) Montreal Wanderers (December 29)
19073Kenora Thistles (January 23) Kenora Thistles (March 18) Montreal Wanderers (March 25)
19085Montreal Wanderers (January 13) Montreal Wanderers (March 7) Montreal Wanderers (March 12) Montreal Wanderers (March 14) Montreal Wanderers (December 30)
19091Ottawa HC (March 6)
19104Ottawa HC (January 7) Ottawa HC (January 20) Montreal Wanderers (March 9) Montreal Wanderers (March 12)
19113Ottawa HC (March 10) Ottawa HC (March 13) Ottawa HC (March 16)
19122Quebec Bulldogs (March 5) Quebec Bulldogs (March 13)
19132Quebec Bulldogs (March 5) Quebec Bulldogs (March 10)
19142Toronto Blueshirts (March 11) Toronto Blueshirts (March 19)

Play starts on December 30th Club Athletique-Canadien And. NHA decided to impose a 5 000 per team salary cap. Second meeting, on November 26 1910, updated Board Of Directors To: Salary cap, while opposed by players, was upheld at meeting. Salary cap of {matheq}5000 per club caused a situation where.Games were changed from two periods of 30 minutes, to three periods of twenty minutes, with ten-minute rest periods. The annual meeting was held November 12, 1910, electing the following executive:The Shamrocks resigned from the league and were not replaced. No team picture of Ottawa in 1910 has been found.Ottawa engraved "Ottawa 1910" and "OTTAWA vs GALT/OTTAWA vs EDMONTON".Ottawa Hockey Club, January 1910 Stanley Cup Champions,"The Millionaire Forgotten By the Stanley Cup",https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canadian_Hockey_Association_(1909–10)&oldid=971792128#Stanley_Cup_Challenges,Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ottawa Senators 1910-11 Posting a 13-3-0 record through the NHA's regular season, the Ottawa Senators were challenged by the Ontario Provincial Hockey League champions from Galt. The Spalding hockey puck was adopted as the standard puck.Ottawa played two challenges after the season at.Marty Walsh was a "one-man wrecking crew", scoring ten goals against Port Arthur.After the season a series was arranged between Renfrew and Montreal Wanderers and Ottawa to play in New York. The CHA survived only a few weeks of play in January 1910 before two teams jumped to the new National Hockey Association (NHA), itself a seven-week-old league, causing dissolution of the CHA. 1903: The first hockey dynasty, the Ottawa Silver Seven, won the first of its four consecutive Stanley Cups in March. It was not until the trophy was redesigned in 1948 that the words "1911 Ottawa Senators" was put onto its then-new collar.Ottawa Hockey Club 1911 Stanley Cup Champions,https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1910–11_NHA_season&oldid=971328496,Short description is different from Wikidata,Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Instead the NHA admitted Ottawa, Quebec, and the Shamrocks. They held it through February 1906. The Canadian Hockey Association (CHA) was an early men's professional ice hockey league. After a few games it was clear that fan interest was not there as only 800 fans were recorded for the game between the Nationals and the Shamrocks. The Ottawa Hockey Club won the league championship. The 1910–11 NHA season was the second season of the now defunct National Hockey Association. After the January 8 game between All-Montreal and Ottawa, which was attended by only 1500 fans, Art Ross made plans to suspend the All-Montreal team and, along with,A meeting with the NHA on January 15, 1910 was planned to consider amalgamation with the CHA, but amalgamation was not discussed. It was founded in November, 1909, as the result of a dispute within the Eastern Canada Hockey Association. The cup is inscribed with the name of the team that wins the National Hockey League playoffs each year. Ottawa had picked up.† Missing from the team picture.These are the known non-playing members of 1911 Ottawa Hockey Club. The only team picture found of the Ottawa Hockey Club in 1911 includes 9 of the 10 players, and no non-playing members.Ottawa put their names on the cup in 1909 and 1910 but did not in 1911. After the Wanderers defeated Renfrew 18–5 (13–4, 4–1), Ottawa won a{endmatheq} 2 500 prize for two-Game Series winning 12–7. OTTAWA and Montreal then played two-Game Series in Boston on March 22 and March 25 1911. OTTAWA take over Stanley Cup from Montreal Wanderers and defend it against teams from GALT, Ontario, and Port Arthur, Ontario. Le National were offer franchise Of, During its brief season, OTTAWA Hockey Club won the Stanley Cup challenge against. † This game, scheduled CHA Game, was counted in the NHA schedule. During the CHA Season, OTTAWA, as Cup champion, play one challenge in addition to their regular schedule: OTTAWA play two-Game total goals Series against. †known non-playing members of 1910 OTTAWA Hockey Club. During the period from 1893 to 1914, Stanley Cup was a challenging trophy; champions hold the Cup until they lose their League title to another club, or the champion from another League issue formal challenge and subsequently defeat them in a special Game or Series. Following 16 teams unsuccessfully challenged the Stanley Cup only once: Berlin in one Game championship held on March 13, OTTAWA Senators defeated GALT 7-4 OTTAWA won 2 500 purse by total score of 13–11. Winning teams and players get their names in the Cup, with some teams, Renfrew and Montreal playing first, with the winner to play-off against OTTAWA. OTTAWA Senators were still members of CHA when the 1910 Season begin. The Stanley Cup has been around since 1892.

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Table3

SeasonHolder at end of seasonOther challenge winners
1893-94Montreal HC ( AHAC )
1894-95Montreal Victorias ( AHAC )Montreal HC ( AHAC )
1895-96Winnipeg Victorias ( MHA )
1896-97Montreal Victorias ( AHAC )
1897-98Montreal Victorias ( AHAC )
1898-99Montreal Shamrocks ( CAHL )Montreal Victorias ( CAHL )
1899-1900Montreal Shamrocks ( CAHL )
1900-01Winnipeg Victorias ( MHA )
1901-02Montreal HC ( CAHL )Winnipeg Victorias ( MHA )
1902-03Ottawa HC ( CAHL )Montreal HC ( CAHL )
1903-04Ottawa HC
1904-05Ottawa HC ( FAHL )
1905-06Montreal Wanderers ( ECAHA )Ottawa HC ( ECAHA )
1906-07Montreal Wanderers ( ECAHA )Kenora Thistles ( MPHL )
1907-08Montreal Wanderers ( ECAHA )
1908-09Ottawa HC ( ECAHA )Montreal Wanderers ( ECAHA )
1909-10Montreal Wanderers ( NHA )Ottawa HC ( CHA / NHA )
1910-11Ottawa HC ( NHA )
1911-12Quebec Bulldogs ( NHA )
1912-13Quebec Bulldogs ( NHA )
1913-14Toronto Blueshirts ( NHA )

Table4

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 17, 1894Montreal HC3-2Montreal VictoriasVictoria Rink

Table5

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 22, 1894Montreal HC3-1OttawaVictoria Rink

Table6

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 9, 1895Montreal HC5-1Queen's UniversityVictoria Rink

Table7

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
February 14, 1896Winnipeg Victorias2-0Montreal VictoriasVictoria Rink

Table8

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
December 30, 1896Montreal Victorias6-5Winnipeg VictoriasGranite Rink , Winnipeg

Table9

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
December 27, 1897Montreal Victorias15-2Ottawa CapitalsVictoria Rink

Table10

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 14, 1899Montreal Shamrocks6-2Queen's UniversityMontreal Arena

Table11

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 14, 1906Montreal Wanderers9-1Ottawa HCMontreal Arena
March 17, 1906Ottawa HC9-3Montreal WanderersDey's Arena

Table12

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 14, 1908Montreal Wanderers6-4Toronto Trolley LeaguersMontreal Arena

Table13

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 12, 1910Montreal Wanderers7-3Berlin DutchmenJubilee Rink , Montreal

Table14

DateWinnerLoserLocation
March 3Galt 8Port Hope 4Galt
March 7Galt 4Port Hope 4Port Hope

Table15

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 13, 1911Ottawa HC7-4GaltDey's Arena

Table16

DateWinnerLoserLocation
March 8Port Arthur 6Prince Albert 3Winnipeg
March 10Port Arthur 6Prince Albert 5Winnipeg

Table17

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 16, 1911Ottawa HC14-4Port Arthur BearcatsDey's Arena

Table18

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamLocation
March 7, 1914Montreal Canadiens2-0Toronto BlueshirtsMontreal Arena
March 11, 1914Toronto Blueshirts6-0Montreal CanadiensArena Gardens

Table19

TeamSCUCTotalWin %
Ottawa HC172190.895
Montreal Wanderers102120.833
Winnipeg Victorias65110.545
Montreal Victorias6280.750
Montreal Shamrocks5160.833
Montreal HC5051.000
Quebec Bulldogs4041.000
Rat Portage/Kenora Thistles2350.400
Toronto Blueshirts2021.000
Queen's University0330.000
Brandon Wheat Cities0220.000
Edmonton Hockey Club0220.000
Galt Professionals0220.000
Winnipeg Maple Leafs0220.000
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Canadian Hockey Association (1909-10)

Season by Season record

SeasonTeamsChampion
1910Cobalt Silver Kings , Haileybury Hockey Club , Montreal Canadiens , Montreal Shamrocks , Montreal Wanderers , Ottawa Senators , Renfrew Creamery KingsMontreal Wanderers
1910-11Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs , Renfrew Creamery KingsOttawa Senators
1911-12Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec BulldogsQuebec Bulldogs
1912-13Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto , Toronto TecumsehsQuebec Bulldogs
1913-14Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto OntariosToronto (won playoff over Canadiens)
1914-15Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksOttawa Senators (won playoff over Wanderers)
1915-16Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksMontreal Canadiens
1916-17Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto 228th BattalionMontreal Canadiens (won playoff over Ottawa)

At the time of the League's founding in 1910, Eastern Canada Hockey Association, which dated from 1906 and was itself a successor to the first recognized major Hockey League, Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, was in the midst of a political battle. In an effort to freeze out the Montreal Wanderers franchise, ECHA disbanded and new League form to be called Canadian Hockey Association, deliberately designed to exclude Wanderers. After numerous rejections and snubs from the ECHA, Ambrose o'brien and his father, Michael J. O'brien, created their own League, calling it the National Hockey Association. O'briens finance four teams in the League: Renfrew Creamery Kings, which become known as Renfrew Millionaires, Cobalt, Haileybury and Les Canadiens of Montreal. Within month, Montreal Wanderers also joined to become the fifth team. The bidding war for players immediately start, and Frank Patrick and Lester Patrick were each signed by Renfrew Millionaires for 3 000 apiece, highest salaries record to that time. It become readily apparent that two leagues could not be sustain-there were five teams in Montreal alone-and after eight games, CHA fold, Ottawa Senators and Montreal Shamrocks were admitted to the NHA. Labour unrest was a hallmark of the League, 1910-1911 season almost foundering because of widespread dissatisfaction amongst players at salaries on offer, and players' unions were rumor to be on the verge of creation at several points. However, League put forth several innovations, among them abolition of rover position in 1912, inclusion of numbers on jerseys, institution of match penalties and allowing line changes on fly. The Championship Trophy of NHA was the o'brien Trophy, donated by the o'brien family and which survived to become the championship Trophy of the NHL. However, as Ottawa Senators join League as reigning Stanley Cup champions, first five seasons of the League had Cup award to League champions, who then defend it against outside challenges. Starting in the 1914-1915 season, Stanley Cup was awarded exclusively to the winner of playoff between NHA and PCHA regular season winners. The League championship was decided by a two-game total goal playoff between Wanderers and Senators. Ottawa won the championship, and the right to defend the Cup against Vancouver in a three game series in which Vancouver won in dominating fashion. The notion of the League champion being awarded Cup to defend cease with that season, as Portland Rosebuds were PCHA champions in 1915-1916 but were not automatically accorded Cup. Instead, they play Montreal Canadiens for the Trophy, which the Canadiens won in five game series. The historical oddity was admission for the 1916-1917 season of 228 Battalion, which had a number of hockey players enlisting in World War I.

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Table

TeamLocationArenaTenureNotes
Cobalt Silver KingsCobalt, OntarioThe Sports Palace1909-1910league franchise rights go to Quebec Bulldogs ; rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Haileybury CometsHaileybury, OntarioCobalt-Haileybury Curling Club Curling Rink1909-1910rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Les CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena1909-1910renamed Montreal Canadiens
Montreal ShamrocksMontreal, QuebecVictoria Rink1909-1910withdrew; join Montreal City Hockey League for 1912-1913 season
Montreal WanderersMontreal, QuebecWestmount Arena1909-1917join National Hockey League
Ottawa Hockey ClubOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1909-1912renamed Ottawa Senators
Renfrew Creamery KingsRenfrew, OntarioRenfrew Hockey Arena1909-1911fold
Montreal CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena (1910-1911), Westmount Arena (1911-1917)1910-1917join National Hockey League
Quebec BulldogsQuebec City, QuebecQuebec Skating Rink (1910-1913) Quebec Arena (1913-1917)1910-1917suspend operations for 1918-19 season; join National Hockey League for 1919-20 season
Ottawa SenatorsOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1912-1917join National Hockey League
Toronto BlueshirtsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1917suspended by league to keep league number of teams even (and dislike of team owner); left in league by themselves when balance of teams form National Hockey League ; players form nucleus of Toronto Arenas
Toronto TecumsehsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1913renamed Toronto Ontarios
Toronto OntariosToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1913-1914renamed Toronto Shamrocks
Toronto ShamrocksToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1914-1915fold
Toronto 228th BattalionToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1916-1917withdrew February 1917 when unit was deployed overseas

Team Origins

TeamYearsOrigin
Cobalt Silver Kings1909-10new, players taken over by Quebec Bulldogs in 1911
Haileybury Hockey Club1909-10new, players taken over by Montreal Canadiens for 1911
Montreal Canadiens1909-17new, known as Les Canadiens in 1910 season
Montreal Shamrocks1910from ECHA, joined January 1910
Montreal Wanderers1909-17from ECHA, joined December 1909
Ottawa Senators1910-17from ECHA, joined January 1910
Quebec Bulldogs1910-17from ECHA, joined December 1910
Renfrew Creamery Kings1909-11from Federal League, joined December 1909
Toronto Blueshirts1912-17new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto Tecumsehs renamed Toronto Ontarios , 1913-1914 renamed Toronto Shamrocks , 19151912-16new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto 228th Battalion1916-17new, took place of Tecumsehs/Ontarios/Shamrocks for 1916-17 season, composed of professional hockey players in military
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Teams

Teams

TeamLocationArenaTenureNotes
All MontrealMontreal, QuebecWestmount Arena1909-1910fold
Montreal Le NationalMontreal, QuebecVictoria Rink ?1909-1910join Montreal City Hockey League
Montreal ShamrocksMontreal, QuebecVictoria Rink1909-1910join National Hockey Association
Ottawa HCOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1909-1910join National Hockey Association
Quebec HCQuebec City, QuebecQuebec Skating Rink1909-1910sit out 1910 season; join National Hockey Association for 1910-11 season

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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