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Causes of mental disorders

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

NAMI recognizes that other organizations have drawn distinctions between what diagnoses are consider mental health conditions as opposed to mental illnesses. We intentionally use the terms mental health conditions and mental illness / es interchangeably. Mental illness is a condition that affects a person's thinking, feeling, behavior or mood. These conditions deeply impact day-to-day living and may also affect ability to relate to others. If you have or think you might have mental illness, first thing you must know is that you are not alone. Mental health conditions are far more common than you think, mainly because people do like to, or are scared to, talk about them. However: 1 in 5 US adults experience mental illness each year. 1 in 25 US adults experience serious mental illness each year. 1 in 6 US youths aged 6-17 experience mental health disorder each year. 50% of all lifetime mental illness begins by age 14, and 75% by age 24 mental health condition isnt result of one event. Research suggests multiple, linking causes. Genetics, environment and lifestyle influence whether someone develops a mental health condition. Stressful job or home life make some people more susceptible, as do traumatic life events. Biochemical processes and circuits and basic brain structure may play a role, too. None of this means that youre break or that you, or your family, do something wrong. Mental illness is no one's fault. And for many people, recovery, including meaningful roles in social life, school and work, is possible, especially when you start treatment early and play a strong role in your own recovery process.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Theories

Have you ever met with a counselor or therapist and thought, this is not a good fit? It might have had something to do with theories they use to inform their practice. Counselors and therapists worldwide receive training about theoretical underpinnings of Mental Health. They learn how to use those theories to support their work with clients. These professionals use Diagnostic tools based on old and new theories of well-being. What are these theories, and WHO created them? That is what you will learn as you continue reading. Before you read on, we think you might like to download our 3 Positive Psychology Exercises for free. These science-base exercises will explore fundamental aspects of Positive Psychology, including strengths, values and self-compassion and will give you tools to enhance the wellbeing of your clients, students or employees.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Biological factors

Certain physical or biological factors can trigger or later contribute to mental illness. They include: Genes studies have shown that many mental illnesses tend to run in families. Some of the most revealing studies have come from identical twins who do not grow up in the same households. Despite growing up in different conditions, when one twin has major depression or bipolar disorder, other has a much higher chance of also having the same or similar disorder. This suggests a genetic component to mental illness. Researchers think, however, that multiple Genes influence persons likelihood of developing a mental disorder. This means it is unlikely that well ever find a single depression gene or anxiety gene. It has been proposed that damage to the developing brain before birth can increase the likelihood of various mental disorders, including schizophrenia and autism. Some infectious diseases can damage the brain, and this, in turn, can either cause mental illness or worsen existing symptoms. One disorder causes a strain of Streptococcus bacteria that has been tied to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder and other mental illnesses in children. Certain types of brain injury, from accidents, for instance, or strokes, have been linked to mental disorders. Brain injury can also arise from exposure to toxic substances such as lead. People who suffer from other serious health problems, such as heart disease, might be at higher risk for developing depression or other mental disorders. Poor nutrition may also be related to certain mental illnesses. Chronic, long-term use of alcohol and drugs can significantly increase the likelihood that a person will experience depression, anxiety and other mental disorders. Read More About: Genes Mental Health substance abuse

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Life experience and environmental factors

Environmental factors contributing to the development of Mental Disorders include: trauma: Sexual, physical, and emotional abuse during childhood all lead to an increase in the likelihood of developing mental disorder. Highly stressful home environments, loss of loved one, and natural disasters are also major contributors. Emotional harm: Negative school experiences and bullying can also result in severe long-term emotional damage. Realization of these issues has led to anti-bullying campaigns nationwide, and implementation of these campaigns has placed larger importance on the overall mental health of school-age children and teens. Substance Abuse: Exposure to tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs either prenatally or in Childhood has been associated with development of Mental Disorders beyond just substance use Disorders or addiction. Environmental factors alone do not cause Mental Disorders. Genetic factors also play a part in developing mental disorder.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

About Mental Health America

Most people believe that mental health conditions are rare and happen to someone else. In fact, mental health conditions are common and widespread. Estimate 44 million Americans suffer from some form of mental disorder each year. Most families are not prepared to cope with learning their loved one has a mental illness. It can be physically and emotionally trying, and can make US feel vulnerable to opinions and judgments of others. If you think you or someone you know may have mental or emotional problem, it is important to remember there is hope and help.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Introduction

Between 11 and 17 centuries, curious epidemic swept across Western Europe. Groups of people would suddenly begin to dance with wild abandon. This compulsion to dancereferred, to as dancing maniasometimes grips thousands of people at a time. Historical accounts indicate that those afflicted would sometimes dance with bruised and bloody feet for days or weeks, screaming of terrible visions and begging priests and monks to save their souls. What caused dancing Mania is not know, but several explanations have been propose, including spider venom and ergot poisoning. Historian John Waller has provided a comprehensive and convincing explanation of dancing Mania that suggests the phenomenon was attributable to a combination of three factors: psychological distress, social contagion, and belief in supernatural forces. Waller argues that various disasters of time produce high levels of psychological distress that could increase the likelihood of succumbing to an involuntary trance state. Waller indicates that anthropological studies and accounts of possession rituals show that people are more likely to enter trance state if they expect it to happen, and that entranced individuals behave in a ritualistic manner, their thoughts and behavior shaped by spiritual beliefs of their culture. Thus, during periods of extreme physical and mental distress, all it takes was a few peoplebelieving themselves to have been afflicted with dancing curseto slip into spontaneous trance and then act out part of one WHO is curse by dancing for days on end. Findings such as these have led many researchers to search for specific genes and genetic mutations that contribute to Mental Disorders. Also, sophisticated neural imaging technology in recent decades has revealed how abnormalities in brain structure and function might be directly involved in many disorders, and advances in our understanding of neurotransmitters and hormones have yielded insights into their possible connections. Biological perspective is currently thriving in the study of Psychological Disorders.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary, depending on the disorder, circumstances and other factors. Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors. Feeling sad or down Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate Excessive fears or worries, or Extreme feelings of guilt Extreme Mood changes of highs and lows Withdrawal from friends and activities Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping Detachment from reality, paranoia or hallucinations Inability to cope with daily Problems or stress Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people Problems with Alcohol or drug use Major changes in eating habits Sex drive changes Excessive anger, hostility or violence Suicidal thinking sometimes symptoms of mental health Disorder appear as physical Problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headaches, or other unexplained aches and pains.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Although scientists at this time do not know the causes of mental illnesses, they have identified factors that put individuals at risk. Some of these factors are environmental, some are genetic, and some are social. In fact, all these factors most likely combine to influence whether someone becomes mentally ill. Environmental factors such as head injury, poor nutrition, and exposure to toxins can increase the likelihood of developing mental illness. Genes also play a role in determining whether someone develops mental illness. Illnesses that are most likely to have genetic component include autism, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and ADHD. For example, observation that children with ADHD are much more likely to have a sibling or parent with ADHD supports the role of genetics in determining whether someone is at risk for ADHD. In studies of twins, ADHD is significantly more likely to be present in identical twins than in fraternal twin. The same can be said for schizophrenia and depression. Mental illnesses are not triggered by change in single gene; scientists believe that interaction of several genes may trigger mental illness. Furthermore, combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors might determine whether case of mental illness is mild or severe. Social factors also present risks and can harm individual's, especially child's, mental health.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Is brain chemistry a factor?

Research has linked chemical imbalances to some mental health conditions, including: depression, also called clinical depression, is a mood disorder that affects many aspects of persons life, from their thoughts and feelings to their sleeping and eating habits. Although some research links chemical imbalances in the brain to depression symptoms, scientists argue that this is not the whole picture. For example, researchers point out that if depression were solely due to chemical imbalances, treatments that target neurotransmitters, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, should work faster. Symptoms of depression vary widely among individuals, but they can include: persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, anxiety, or apathy, persistent feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or pessimism, loss of interest in formerly enjoyable activities or hobbies, difficulty concentrating, making decisions, or remembering things, irritability, restlessness or hyperactivity, insomnia or sleeping too much changes in appetite and weight physical aches, cramps, or digestive problems thoughts of suicide it is possible to develop depression at any age, but symptoms usually begin when person is in their teenage years or early 20s and 30s. Women are more likely than men to experience depression. Major depressive disorder persistent depressive disorder psychotic depression, postpartum depression seasonal affective disorder dramatic hormonal changes that take place after giving birth are among factors that can increase women's risk of developing postpartum depression. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 10-15% of women experience postpartum depression. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that causes alternating periods of mania and depression. These periods can last anywhere from a few days to a few years. Mania refers to the state of having abnormally high energy. A person experiencing a manic episode may exhibit the following characteristics: feeling elate or euphoric, having unusually high levels of energy, participating in several activities at once, leaving tasks unfinished, talking extremely fast, being agitate or irritable, frequently coming into conflict with others, engaging in risky behavior, such as gambling or drinking excessive quantities of alcohol tendency to experience physical injuries severe episodes of mania or depression can cause psychotic symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations. People who have bipolar disorder can experience distinct changes in their mood and energy levels. They may have increased risk of substance abuse and higher incidence of certain medical conditions, such as: migraine headaches, thyroid disease, heart disease, diabetes, obesity or excessive weight loss. The exact cause of bipolar disorder remains unknown. Researchers believe that changes in dopamine receptors resulting in altered dopamine levels in the brain may contribute to symptoms of bipolar disorder. Many people experience occasional anxiety when they face significant life changes, problems at home, or important projects at work. However, people who have anxiety disorder often experience persistent anxiety or excessive worry that worsens in response to stressful situations. According to the authors of the 2015 review article, evidence from neuroscience research suggests that gamma aminobutyric acid neurotransmitter may play a crucial role in anxiety disorders.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What is mental illness?

To be diagnosed with mental illness, person must be evaluated by a qualified professional who has expertise in Mental Health. Mental Health professionals include psychiatrists, psychologists, Psychiatric nurses, social workers, and Mental Health counselors. Family doctors, internists, and pediatricians are usually qualified to diagnose common Mental Disorders such as Depression, anxiety Disorders, and ADHD. In many cases, depending on the individual and his or her symptoms, mental health professional who is not a psychiatrist will refer a patient to a psychiatrist. A Psychiatrist is a medical doctor who has received additional training in the field of Mental Health and Mental Illnesses. Psychiatrists evaluate a person's mental condition in coordination with his or her physical condition and can prescribe medication. Only psychiatrists and other MDs can prescribe medications to treat mental illnesses

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Depression and Other Mood Disorders

Depression is more than just being in a bad mood or feeling sad. Everyone experiences these feelings on occasion, but that does not constitute depression. Depression is actually not a single disease; there are three main types of depressive disorders. 23 27 They are While some of symptoms of depression are common during passing blue mood, major depressive disorder is diagnosed when a person has five or more symptoms nearly every day during a two-week period. 27 Symptoms of depression include when people have depression, their lives are affected severely: They have trouble performing at work or school, and they aren't interested in normal family and social activities. In adults, untreated major depressive episodes last an average of nine months. At least half of people who experience episode of major depression will have another episode of depression at some point. 44 in children, depression lasts an average of seven to nine months with symptoms similar to those in adults. 44 Symptoms in children may include children and adolescents with depression are more likely than adults to have anxiety symptoms and general aches and pains, stomachaches, and headaches. The majority of children and adolescents who have major depressive disorder also have another mental illness such as anxiety disorder, disruptive or antisocial behavior, or substance-abuse disorder. Children and adolescents who suffer from depression are more likely to commit suicide than are other youths. As in adults, episodes of depression are likely to recur. 44 dysthymia is less severe than major depressive disorder, but it is more chronic. In dysthymia, depressed mood along with at least two other symptoms of depression persist for at least two years in adults, or one year in children or adolescents. 22 these symptoms may not be as disabling, but they do keep affected people from functioning well or feeling good. Dysthymia often begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. 25 on average, untreated dysthymia lasts four years in children and adolescents. The third type of depressive disorder is Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depression. A person who has Bipolar disorder alternates between episodes of major depression and mania. During manic periods, person will also have three or more of the following symptoms: while in the manic phase, adolescents may engage in risky or reckless behaviors such as fast driving and unsafe sex. Bipolar disorder frequently begins during adolescence or young adulthood. Adults with Bipolar disorder often have clearly defined episodes of mania and depression, with periods of mania every two to four years. Children and adolescents with Bipolar disorder, however, may cycle rapidly between depression and mania many times within a day. 29 Bipolar disorder in youths may be difficult to distinguish from other mental illnesses because symptoms often overlap with those of other mental illnesses such as ADHD, conduct disorder, or oppositional defiant disorder.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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