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Cbc Covid 19

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

A Complete blood count gives important information about kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. CBC helps your doctor check any symptoms, such as weakness, fatigue, or bruising, you may have. CBC also helps him or her diagnose conditions, such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders. White blood cell count. White blood cells protect the body against infection. If an infection develop, white blood cells attack and destroy bacteria, virus, or other organism causing it. White blood cells are bigger than red blood cells but fewer in number. When a person has a bacterial infection, number of white cells rises very quickly. The number of white blood cells is sometimes used to find infection or to see how the body is dealing with cancer treatment. White blood cell types. Major types of white blood cells are neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils. Immature neutrophils, call band neutrophils, are also part of this test. Each type of cell plays a different role in protecting the body. Numbers of each one of these types of white blood cells give important information about the immune system. Too many or too few different types of white blood cells can help find infection, allergic or toxic reactions to medicines or chemicals, and many conditions, such as leukemia. Red blood cell count. Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. They also carry carbon dioxide back to the lungs so it can be exhale. If the RBC count is low, body may not be getting the oxygen it need. If the count is too high, there is a chance that red blood cells will clump together and block tiny blood vessels. This also makes it hard for your red blood cells to carry oxygen. Hematocrit. This test measures the amount of space red blood cells take up in blood. Value is given as percentage of red blood cells in volume of blood. For example, hematocrit of 38 means that 38 % of blood's volume is made of red blood cells. Hematocrit and hemoglobin values are two major tests that show if anemia or polycythemia is present. Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin molecules fill up red blood cells. It carries oxygen and gives blood cells its red color. The Hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in blood and is a good measure of blood's ability to carry oxygen throughout the body. Red blood cell indices. There are three red blood cell indices: mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. They are measured by a machine, and their values come from other measurements in CBC. MCV shows the size of red blood cells. The MCH value is the amount of hemoglobin in the average red blood cell.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Results

A cluster of unexplained pneumonia cases was reported by the Peoples Republic of China to the World Health Organization on 31 December, 2019. The Etiology for this outbreak was novel coronavirus name severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which was responsible for Corona Virus Disease 2019. 1 Singapore confirmed its first import case on 23 January 2020 and local transmission was detected on 4 February, 2020. As of 28 February, 2020, Singapore had 96 confirmed cases of COVID19 infection. SARSCoV2 was confirmed by real time reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction, performed on respiratory samples of these patients. The majority of 69 out of these 96 patients were treated at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases. We herein present detailed analysis of hematological parameters of COVID19 patients at NCID. Of 69 patients that had been admitted to NCID, 26 patients were still hospitalize, and 43 patients had been discharged as of 28 February 2020. Also, 67 patients had at least one complete blood count performed during inpatient stay; 65 patients had CBC performed on day of admission. We analyzed hematological indices of all COVID19 infected patients from day 1 of admission until 28 February 2020. We obtain data from the Laboratory Information System exclusively which provides information on age, gender, ethnicity and location of each patient. We divide patients into two groups; ICU and nonICU patients. Additionally, Flow cytometry on lymphocyte subsets was performed from 24 to 28 February 2020, on a subgroup of nine COVID19 patients; five ICU patients and four nonICU patients. Immunophenotyping was performed using Becton Dickinson FACSCanto II Flow analyzer. Most patients were of Chinese ethnicity, while the minority were of Malay, Indian and other ethnicities. Just 9 out of 67 patients require ICU care. Notably, ICU patients were about a decade older than nonICU patients; median age of ICU patients was 54 years old while the median age of nonICU patients was 42 years old. On admission, leukopenia was observed in 19 patients with only one patient presenting with severe leukopenia. Lymphopenia feature in 24 patients with 19 having moderate Lymphopenia, and five with severe Lymphopenia. Most patients had normal platelet counts, with 13 patients having mild thrombocytopenia. Peripheral blood film review showed that a higher number of patients WHO were lymphopenic had presence of few reactive lymphocytes, of which subset appear to be lymphoplasmacytoid. This contrasts with the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in 2003 where reactive lymphocytes were not observed in study on Haematologic parameters in SARS in Singapore 2 and only in 15. 2 % of cases in similar Hong Kong study. 3 our analysis revealed that on admission, most patients had normal CBC and lactate dehydrogenase. And, no patient present with moderate or severe thrombocytopenia that is frequently observed in other viral illnesses such as dengue Fever, which is endemic in our region. However, 28 % of all patients present with Lymphopenia.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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