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Chromosome

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022
philadelphia chromosome "philadelphia chromosome", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Philadelphia chromosome; three-panel drawing shows a piece of chromosome 9 and a piece of chromosome 22 breaking off and trading places, creating a changed chromosome 22 called the Philadelphia chromosome. In the left panel, the...

Chromosomes are threadlike structures made from protein and a single molecule of DNA that serve to lug the genomic information from cell to cell. People have 22 pairs of numbered chromosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes, for a total of 46. Each set includes 2 chromosomes, one coming from each parent, which implies that children acquire half of their chromosomes from their mommy and half from their papa. Chromosomes can be seen via a microscope when the center liquifies throughout cellular division. A fruit fly, for instance, has 4 sets of chromosomes, while a rice plant has 12 and a pet, 39. Normally, naturally female individuals have two X chromosomes while those that are biologically male have one X and one Y chromosome. The human X chromosome is about three times bigger than the human Y chromosome, having about 900 genetics, while the Y chromosome has about 55 genetics. Without such product packaging, DNA particles would be too lengthy to fit within cells!

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