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Colitis

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

Colon, Or Large Intestine, Is Hollow, Muscular Tube That Processes Waste Products Of Digestion From Small Intestine, Removes Water, And Ultimately Eliminates Remnants Such As Feces Through Anus. Colon is located within peritoneum, sac that contains intestine, located in abdominal cavity. Colon is surrounded by layers of tissue. Innermost Layer Of Colon Is Mucosa That Comes Into Contact With Waste Products Of Digestion. Mucosa absorbs water and electrolytes back into blood vessels that are located just below surface of submucosa. This is surrounded by circular layer of muscles and then another outer layer of longitudinal muscles that run along length of colon. Muscles work together to rhythmically squeeze liquid waste from cecum through entire length of colon. Water is gradually remove, turning waste into formed stool, so that it is excreted out of anus in solid form. Colon frames organs within peritoneum, and its segments are named based on their location. Colon usually begins in right lower quadrant of abdomen, where terminal ileum, last part of small intestine, attaches to cecum, first segment of colon. Appendix Is Attached To Cecum. Ascending colon begins at cecum and arises from right lower abdomen to right upper abdomen near liver. Colon Then Makes Sharp Left Turn Called Hepatic Flexure, And Is Referred To As Transverse Colon, As It Makes Its Way To Left Upper Quadrant Of Abdomen Near Spleen. There is sharp downward turn called splenic flexure, and it is referred to as descending colon as it runs from left upper quadrant to left lower quadrant of abdomen. When it descends into pelvis, it is referred to as sigmoid colon. Last Several Centimeters Of Colon Are Referred To As Rectum. Anus is final portion of colon. Many bacteria reside in colon;ss they live in harmony with body and cause no symptoms. However, some infections can result if virus, bacteria, or parasites invade and / or large intestine. Campylobacter, Shigella, E. Yersinia, Salmonella. These infections usually because patients have eaten contaminated food. Symptoms can include diarrhea with or without blood, abdominal and dehydration from water loss because of numerous watery, bowel movements. Other organs can also affected by infection or toxins that bacteria can produce. Clostridium difficile, commonly referred to as C. Diff, is bacterial cause of Colitis that often occurs after person has been prescribed antibiotics or has been hospitalize. C. Diff is found in colons of healthy people and coexists with other normal bacteria. But when antibiotics are prescribe, susceptible bacteria in colon can be destroy, allowing to grow unchecked, causing Colitis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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25 April 2018Ulcerative colitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Some people may go for weeks or months with very mild symptoms, or none at followed by periods where symptoms are particularly troublesome. During flare - up, some people with ulcerative colitis experience symptoms elsewhere in their body. Painful and swollen joints, mouth ulcers, areas of pain, red and swollen skin irritate and red eyes in severe cases, defined as having to empty your bowels 6 or more times day, Additional symptoms may include: shortness of breath, fast or irregular heartbeat, high temperature blood in your stools becoming more obvious in most people, no specific trigger for flare - ups is identify, although gut infection can occasionally be cause.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Exact Cause Of Ulcerative Colitis Remains Unknown. Previously, diet and stress were suspect, but now doctors know that these factors may aggravate don't cause ulcerative colitis. One possible cause is system malfunction. When your immune system tries to fight off invading virus or bacterium, abnormal immune response causes immune system to attack cells in digestive tract, too. Heredity also seems to play role in that ulcerative colitis is more common in people who have family members with disease. However, most with ulcerative colitis don't have this family history.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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