Colorectal Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 02 May 2022
colorectal cancer screening: when, how, and who? "colorectal cancer screening: when, how, and who?", by . With its Screen to Save initiative, the National Cancer Institute's Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities aims to increase colorectal cancer screening rates among men and women age 50 and older from racially and ethnically...

The colon and anus belong to the large intestinal tract. When tumors develop in the lining of the large intestinal tract, colorectal cancer occurs. The risk of developing colorectal cancer increases after age 50. You're also more probable to get it if you have colorectal polyps, a family history of colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, consume a diet high in fat, or smoke. Symptoms of colorectal cancer include: Diarrhea or bowel irregularity; A feeling that your bowel does not empty totally; Blood in your stool; Stools that are narrower than usual; Frequent gas discomforts or pains, or feeling complete or bloated; Weight loss without known reason; Fatigue; Nausea or throwing up. Treatments for colorectal cancer include surgical procedure, radiation treatment, radiation, or a combination. Colorectal Cancer screening programs must start by identifying the specific patient's level of risk based on individual, family, and case history, which will figure out the ideal technique to testing because person. A solitary first-order relative detected with colorectal cancer after age 60 might place a private at a somewhat increased risk and may necessitate starting colon cancer screening at age 40. Rate of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The rate of new cases of colorectal cancer was 37. 7 per 100,000 men and women per year. Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 4. 1 percent of women and men will be identified with colorectal cancer at some factor throughout their life time, based on 2017-2019 information. The earlier colorectal cancer is captured, the better chance an individual has of surviving 5 years after being diagnosed. Compared to other cancers, colorectal cancer is fairly common.

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Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Colorectal Cancer

(Table source)
StagePercent of Cases5-Year Relative Survival
Localized Confined to Primary Site37%90.9%
Regional Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes36%72.8%
Distant Cancer Has Metastasized22%15.1%
Unknown Unstaged5%40.5%

How Common Is This Cancer?

(Table source)
RankCommon Types of CancerEstimated New Cases 2022Estimated Deaths 2022
1.Breast Cancer (Female)287,85043,250
2.Prostate Cancer268,49034,500
3.Lung and Bronchus Cancer236,740130,180
4.Colorectal Cancer151,03052,580
5.Melanoma of the Skin99,7807,650
6.Bladder Cancer81,18017,100
7.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma80,47020,250
8.Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer79,00013,920
9.Uterine Cancer65,95012,550
10.Pancreatic Cancer62,21049,830

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Colorectal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races43.4
Non-Hispanic White43.5
Non-Hispanic Black52.4
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander36.4
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native52.3
Hispanic41.1

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Colorectal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races32.8
Non-Hispanic White33.3
Non-Hispanic Black38.6
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander26.0
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native46.5
Hispanic29.0

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Colorectal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of New Cases
<200.3%
20–341.9%
35–444.8%
45–5415.1%
55–6422.9%
65–7425.3%
75–8419.1%
>8410.6%

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Colorectal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races16.0
Non-Hispanic White15.8
Non-Hispanic Black22.7
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander11.1
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native21.3
Hispanic13.7

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Colorectal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races11.3
Non-Hispanic White11.3
Non-Hispanic Black14.8
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander7.9
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native14.4
Hispanic8.5

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Colorectal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of Deaths
<200.0%
20–340.7%
35–442.7%
45–549.2%
55–6419.3%
65–7424.2%
75–8423.6%
>8420.3%
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