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Covid-19 Phlegm

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Early and accurate detection is critical for preventing the spread of COVID - 19 and providing appropriate care for patients. Nasopharyngeal swabs, which require inserting a long shaft into the nasal cavity to collect samples from the back of the nose and throat, are currently the gold standard for collecting specimens for diagnosis. But the procedure is technically challenging, often uncomfortable for patients and requires personal protective equipment that may be in short supply. Other approaches to collecting specimens - including from oropharyngeal swab and sputum - have been tested in small studies, but there is uncertainty about which method is best for detecting viruses. In a new study published in EBioMedicine, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital conducted systematic review and meta - analysis, analyzing data from more than 3 000 specimens to compare three approaches. The team found that sputum testing detected RNA of virus that causes COVID - 19 at significantly higher rates while oropharyngeal swab testing had lower rates. Regardless of collection method, earlier samples were collected after symptoms begin, higher detection rate. Accurate diagnosis of COVID - 19 has implications for health care, return - to - work, infection Control and Public Health, says corresponding author Jonathan Li, MD, faculty member in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Brigham. Our gold standard in and out of hospital is nasopharyngeal swab, but there's lot of confusion about which sampling modality is best and most sensitive. Our study shows that sputum testing results in significantly higher rates of SARS - CoV - 2 detection and supports use of this type of testing as a valuable method for diagnosis and monitoring of COVID - 19 patients. Li and his colleagues scour literature - both preprints and published papers - for studies that assess at least two respiratory sampling sites using NP swab, oropharyngeal swab or sputum. From more than 1 000 studies, they identified 11 that met their criteria. These studies include results from a total of 3 442 respiratory tract specimens. Team examined how often each collection method produces positive result. For NP swabs, rate was 54 percent; for oropharyngeal swabs, 43 percent; for sputum, 71 percent. The rate of viral detection was significantly higher in sputum than either oropharyngeal swabs or NP swabs. Detection rates were highest within one week of symptom onset for all three tests. When it comes to testing, earlier is better, as diagnostic accuracy is improved earlier after symptom onset, regardless of sampling site, says Li. Unlike antibody testing, it's very rare to have false positive qPCR test when diagnosing COVID - 19 early in the course of disease using these methods. Nasopharyngeal swabs are collected through the nasal cavity; oropharyngeal swabs are collected by inserting a shaft through the mouth; and sputum samples are generally collected by having patient cough deeply to produce and expel phlegm. Not all patients are able to produce sputum sample; for such patients, nasopharyngeal swab may be the best collection method.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Emergency Symptoms

Because this particular coronavirus is so new - it first appeared in late 2019 in Wuhan, China - were still learning about it and the symptoms it cause. However, when mild symptoms occur, they can mimic common cold and include: low - grade fever, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, mild, dry cough mild body aches. There have also been reports of people testing positive for the virus without having any symptoms. The Joint World Health Organization - China mission of 25 infectious disease experts will go to China in February. According to their report, 80 percent of known COVID - 19 cases cause mild to moderate symptoms that do require special treatment. So, if you have these mild symptoms, you can get better at home without a trip to your doctor's office. Your immune system will do its job and fight viruses.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How to Check for Fever

According to the CDC and WHO, there are no medicines or immunizations right now to treat the COVID - 19 virus. At this time, please don't believe in any products that claim to prevent or treat coronavirus at this time. Additionally, antibiotics only treat bacteria, so they are not effective in treating this virus. What you can do is treat symptoms so that you recover as quickly as possible. The body is designed to fight viruses, and for most people, it do successfully on its own. If you are generally healthy, your body is likely to feel better after a few days and be totally recovered in about a week from the novel coronavirus. However, you may still be contagious for another week or so, which is why there is a 14 - day quarantine recommended for anyone WHO has has coronavirus.


How Can I Treat Coronavirus Symptoms?

The most common signs of COVID - 19 are fever, cough, and trouble breathing. Some people might have: symptoms of cold such as sore throat, congestion, or runny nose, chills, muscle pain, headache, loss of taste or smell, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, tiredness. Some kids have symptoms caused by inflammation throughout the body, sometimes several weeks after they were infected with a virus. This is called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. Doctors are trying to find out how these symptoms relate to coronavirus infection. Fever, belly pain, vomiting or diarrhea, neck pain, rash, red eyes, feeling very tired red, cracked lips, swollen hands or feet, swollen lymph nodes Most kids with MIS - C get better after they get special care in hospital, sometimes in the ICU.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Cough questions

ALLERGIES, COLD, COVID-19: MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR EACH

SYMPTOMSALLERGIESCOLDCOVID-19
Body AchesRarely
ChillsNoNo
FeverNoRarely
HeadacheSometimesSometimesSometimes
Nasal CongestionRarely
Runny NoseRarely
SneezingRarely
Itchy/Watery EyesNoNo
Dry CoughSometimes
Shortness of BreathSometimesSometimes
WheezingSometimesSometimes
Loss of SmellMildRarely
Sore ThroatSometimesSometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, DiarrheaNoSometimesSometimes

Chronic cough: cough that you have had for eight weeks or longer is considered chronic. This is an important early symptom that tells you something is wrong with your respiratory system. Shortness of breath: It's not normal to experience shortness of breath that doesn't go away after exercising, or that you have after little or no exertion. Labor or difficult breathing feeling that it is hard to breathe in is also a warning sign. Chronic Mucus production: Mucus, also called sputum or phlegm, is produced by airways as defense against infections or irritants. If your mucus production has lasted a month or longer, this could indicate lung disease. Coughing up blood: If you are coughing up blood, it may be coming from your lungs or upper respiratory tract. Wherever it's coming from, it signals a health problem. Chronic chest pain: Unexplained chest pain that lasts for month or moreespecially, if it gets worse when you breathe in or coughalso, is a warning sign. Prepare to visit your healthcare provider by following these steps: take a copy of your medical records with you. Or, see if your previous healthcare provider can send a copy. If you are unable to obtain your medical records, you can also write a short note about your health problems, when they occur and the healthcare provider that takes care of you. Make a list of all the medicines that you are using now. This means prescribed and over - counter medicines, as well as herbs and supplements and any non - traditional methods you use to treat your condition. Make a list of all the healthcare providers you see and why you see them. Make a list of symptoms you have and note which ones bother you most. Write down when they start and what you have do to make them better.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Marvels of Mucus and Phlegm

ALLERGIES, COLD, COVID-19: MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR EACH

SYMPTOMSALLERGIESCOLDCOVID-19
Body AchesRarely
ChillsNoNo
FeverNoRarely
HeadacheSometimesSometimesSometimes
Nasal CongestionRarely
Runny NoseRarely
SneezingRarely
Itchy/Watery EyesNoNo
Dry CoughSometimes
Shortness of BreathSometimesSometimes
WheezingSometimesSometimes
Loss of SmellMildRarely
Sore ThroatSometimesSometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, DiarrheaNoSometimesSometimes

Mucus have several names. Snot, sticky goo that pours from your nose during a cold. Or phlegm, gunk that can clog your lungs and make you cough. You are probably a fan of this stuff. But mucus is so much more than runny nose. Your body is making mucus all the time. And it plays an important role in keeping you healthy. Mucus and phlegm get sort of bad reputation, says Dr. Richard Boucher, lung expert at University of North Carolina. People think about it as something youre supposed to cough up and get out. That's a bad thing. But in truth, mucus really is an interface between you and the outside world. Mucus lines moist surfaces of your body like lungs, sinuses hollow spaces in your skull around your nose, eyes, and forehead., Mouth, stomach, and intestines. Even your eyes are coated with thin layer of mucus. It serves as lubricant to keep tissues from drying out. It is also a line of defense. Mucus is very important for filtering out materials that you breathe in through your nose, such as dust and allergens and microorganisms, says Dr. Andrew Lane, ear, nose, and throat expert at Johns Hopkins University. Anything that you breathe in gets stuck in mucus, like flypaper.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Where to get help

ALLERGIES, COLD, COVID-19: MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR EACH

SYMPTOMSALLERGIESCOLDCOVID-19
Body AchesRarely
ChillsNoNo
FeverNoRarely
HeadacheSometimesSometimesSometimes
Nasal CongestionRarely
Runny NoseRarely
SneezingRarely
Itchy/Watery EyesNoNo
Dry CoughSometimes
Shortness of BreathSometimesSometimes
WheezingSometimesSometimes
Loss of SmellMildRarely
Sore ThroatSometimesSometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, DiarrheaNoSometimesSometimes

You don't need to leave home to seek medical attention unless you have severe symptoms such as breathing difficulties. In this case, you should call triple - 0 for urgent medical help. Otherwise, you can call the National Coronavirus Helpline for further information on 1800 020 080. It's operates 24 hours a day and seven days a week. The Federal Government also has Coronavirus Australia App and dedicates the WhatsApp channel to providing up - to - date information. You can now access bulk - bill telehealth consultations with GP and other health professionals, provided you re in Australia, eligible for Medicare and not already in hospital. In most cases, it's still possible to visit your local GP for face - to - face consultation, but you need to call ahead to make an appointment and let them know you think you have COVID - 19 symptoms so they can prepare for your arrival. The federal Government is also establishing up to 100 GP respiratory clinics to assess people across the country. You can check the Department of Health website for contact details of these clinics, and to see where more are open.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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