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Covid 19 Phlegm

Summarized by PlexPage
Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Early and accurate detection is critical for preventing the spread of COVID - 19 and providing appropriate care for patients. Nasopharyngeal swabs, which require inserting a long shaft into the nasal cavity to collect samples from the back of the nose and throat, are currently the gold standard for collecting specimens for diagnosis. But the procedure is technically challenging, often uncomfortable for patients and requires personal protective equipment that may be in short supply. Other approaches to collecting specimens - including from oropharyngeal swab and sputum - have been tested in small studies, but there is uncertainty about which method is best for detecting viruses. In a new study published in EBioMedicine, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital conducted systematic review and meta - analysis, analyzing data from more than 3 000 specimens to compare three approaches. The team found that sputum testing detected RNA of virus that causes COVID - 19 at significantly higher rates while oropharyngeal swab testing had lower rates. Regardless of collection method, earlier samples were collected after symptoms begin, higher detection rate. Accurate diagnosis of COVID - 19 has implications for health care, return - to - work, infection control and Public Health, says corresponding author Jonathan Li, MD, faculty member in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Brigham. Our gold standard in and out of hospital is nasopharyngeal swab, but there's lot of confusion about which sampling modality is best and most sensitive. Our study shows that sputum testing results in significantly higher rates of SARS - CoV - 2 detection and supports use of this type of testing as a valuable method for diagnosis and monitoring of COVID - 19 patients. Li and his colleagues scour literature - both preprints and published papers - for studies that assess at least two respiratory sampling sites using NP swab, oropharyngeal swab or sputum. From more than 1 000 studies, they identified 11 that met their criteria. These studies include results from a total of 3 442 respiratory tract specimens. Team examined how often each collection method produces positive result. For NP swabs, rate was 54 percent; for oropharyngeal swabs, 43 percent; for sputum, 71 percent. The rate of viral detection was significantly higher in sputum than either oropharyngeal swabs or NP swabs. Detection rates were highest within one week of symptom onset for all three tests. When it comes to testing, earlier is better, as diagnostic accuracy is improved earlier after symptom onset, regardless of sampling site, says Li. Unlike antibody testing, it's very rare to have false positive qPCR test when diagnosing COVID - 19 early in the course of disease using these methods. Nasopharyngeal swabs are collected through the nasal cavity; oropharyngeal swabs are collected by inserting a shaft through the mouth; and sputum samples are generally collected by having patient cough deeply to produce and expel phlegm. Not all patients are able to produce sputum sample; for such patients, nasopharyngeal swab may be the best collection method.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Emergency Symptoms

Moderate symptoms can progress into severe symptoms suddenly, especially in people who are older or who have chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes, cancer or chronic respiratory problems. There have even been reports of people with mild to moderate symptoms feeling better and then suddenly getting worse and requiring hospitalization. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say if you begin to show severe symptoms of COVID - 19 - or what they call emergency warning signs - you should go to the emergency room or call 911 immediately. Constant Trouble breathing Persistent chest pain or pressure Confusion Trouble staying awake Blue lips or face

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How to Check for Fever

Table

Consider calling an expert (e.g. your primary doctor) for guidance if you:Considering seeking urgent medical attention (call 911 if appropriate) if you:
Feel dehydrated or produce little urine even though you are drinking plenty of fluidsExperience shortness of breath (difficulty breathing) at rest or with simple activity
Experience symptoms associated with Covid-19 like cough and fever AND you are over age 60 or have a chronic medical condition like diabetes, heart disease, or lung diseaseHave chest pain
Have symptoms and were in direct contact with someone known to be infected with Covid-19 (you might be a candidate for Covid-19 testing)Become confused or light-headed
Have any other worrisome symptom for which you typically would call 911

As much as possible, stay in a specific room and away from other people and pets in your home. If possible, you should use a separate bathroom. If you need to be around other people or animals in or outside of the home, wear a mask. Tell your close contacts that they may have been exposed to COVID - 19. An infected person can spread COVID - 19 starting 48 hours before the person has any symptoms or tests positive. By letting your close contacts know they may have been exposed to COVID - 19, you are helping to protect everyone. Additional guidance is available for those living in close quarters and sharing housing. See COVID - 19 and Animals if you have questions about pets. If you are diagnosed with COVID - 19, someone from the health department may call you. Answer call to slow spread.


How Can I Treat Coronavirus Symptoms?

The most common signs of COVID - 19 are fever, cough, and trouble breathing. Some people might have: symptoms of cold such as sore throat, congestion, or runny nose, chills, muscle pain, headache, loss of taste or smell, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, tiredness. Some kids have symptoms caused by inflammation throughout the body, sometimes several weeks after they were infected with a virus. This is called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. Doctors are trying to find out how these symptoms relate to coronavirus infection. Fever, belly pain, vomiting or diarrhea, neck pain, rash, red eyes, feeling very tired red, cracked lips, swollen hands or feet, swollen lymph nodes Most kids with MIS - C get better after they get special care in hospital, sometimes in the ICU.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Cough questions

Once SARS - CoV - 2 is introduced in long - term care skilled nursing facility, rapid transmission can occur. Following identification of case of coronavirus disease 2019 in health care worker,ss 76 of 82 residents of SNF were tested for SARS - CoV - 2; 23 had positive test results, approximately half of whom were asymptomatic or presymptomatic on the day of testing. Symptom - base screening of SNF residents might fail to identify all SARS - CoV - 2 infections. Asymptomatic and presymptomatic SNF residents might contribute to SARS - CoV - 2 transmission. Once the facility has confirmed COVID - 19 case, all residents should be careful for using CDC - recommend personal protective equipment, with considerations for extended use or reuse of PPE as needed

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Allergies

Table

SymptomCOVID-19Seasonal allergies
Fever above 100.4F/38.0COftenNever
Dry coughOftenOften
FatigueOftenSometimes
Shortness of breathOftenNever
Body achesSometimesNever
Sore throatSometimesSometimes
DiarrheaSometimesNever
Loss of smell or tasteSometimesNever
Runny noseRarelyOften
Nasal congestionRarelyOften
Itchy throatNeverOften
Itchy eyesNeverOften
SneezingNeverOften

Itchy, watery eyes, Runny nose, Ears feeling pluged up Tickle in back of throat Sneezing Seasonal symptoms while above symptoms are those that are most common, especially in COVID - 19, they can vary. Weve learnt never to say never when it comes to COVID - 19, says Dr. Drake. Some people have classic symptoms, Some can remain asymptomatic entire time, some can have mild cases. The period of time someone with COVID - 19 would see symptoms is two to 14 days after exposure. If you are worried, best thing to do is to get test and self isolate until receiving your results. Combination swab tests that go to the back of the nose can test for both flu and COVID - 19, say Dr. Drake. It is the best way to determine your illness. If you have symptoms, talk to your healthcare provider about getting a test. To use our online screening tool, learn more about safety precautions at our facilities or to get all of the latest coronavirus updates, visit Henry Ford Health System's COVID - 19 Resource Center. Find a doctor near you at Henryford. Com. Call 1 - 800 - 436 - 7936 if you are in southeast Michigan or 1 - 888 - 862 - DOCS if you are in the Jackson area or south central Michigan. Dr. Sean Drake is an internal medicine physician seeing patients at Henry Ford Medical Center in Sterling Heights.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

SymptomCOVID-19Allergies
Dry cough
Mucus/postnasal drip
Chest discomfort/pain
Shortness of breath
Wheezing
Fever
Sneezing
Nasal and eye watering and itching
Chills
Muscle Pain
Headache
Sore Throat
New loss of taste or smell

ALLERGIES, COLD, COVID-19: MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR EACH

SYMPTOMSALLERGIESCOLDCOVID-19
Body AchesRarely
ChillsNoNo
FeverNoRarely
HeadacheSometimesSometimesSometimes
Nasal CongestionRarely
Runny NoseRarely
SneezingRarely
Itchy/Watery EyesNoNo
Dry CoughSometimes
Shortness of BreathSometimesSometimes
WheezingSometimesSometimes
Loss of SmellMildRarely
Sore ThroatSometimesSometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, DiarrheaNoSometimesSometimes
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Marvels of Mucus and Phlegm

According to the CDC and WHO, there are no medicines or immunizations right now to treat the COVID - 19 virus. At this time, please don't believe in any products that claim to prevent or treat coronavirus at this time. Additionally, antibiotics only treat bacteria, so they are not effective in treating this virus. What you can do is treat symptoms so that you recover as quickly as possible. The body is designed to fight viruses, and for most people, it do successfully on its own. If you are generally healthy, your body is likely to feel better after a few days and be totally recovered in about a week from the novel coronavirus. However, you may still be contagious for another week or so, which is why there is a 14 - day quarantine recommended for anyone WHO has has coronavirus.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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