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Depressant

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Depressant drugs, commonly referred to as central nervous system depressants, are substances that slow down functioning of the brain. These drugs do this through many different mechanisms of action. Most often, they increase the amount or effectiveness of inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain like gamma - aminobutyric acid. Many of drugs in this category have important medical uses, like controlling experience of pain, reducing anxiety, blocking seizure activity, and assisting with sleep. Major categories of prescription drugs in this classification include opioids, tranquilizers, and sedatives. Opioid medications are primarily designed to address issues with pain; tranquilizers can be used to manage anxiety or seizures; and sedatives are typically designed to assist with sleep or treat muscle spasms. There is some overlap in how these drugs are prescribe. For instance, certain tranquilizers cause drowsiness and may be used to encourage sleep, whereas certain sedatives may also be used to address anxiety. The major medical use of prescription opioids is for control of pain, although these drugs also have some other medical uses. When they are used to control pain, according to prescribing physicians instructions, people do not develop substance use disorders as often as people who obtain these drugs without prescription and use them to induce euphoria or for other reasons. Organizations like the National Institute on Drug Abuse and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration estimate that probably only around 10 percent of people who have prescriptions for these medications develop opioid use disorders. Barbiturates were once widely prescribed for treatment of anxiety, but these drugs have also become major drugs of abuse, and many overdoses occur. Development of benzodiazepines result in barbiturates being prescribed less often. These days, barbiturates are more often used in clinics or hospitals than they are prescribed outside of these environments. Benzodiazepines were considered a safer alternative to barbiturates, but they have also become significant drugs of abuse. Sedatives are primarily designed to act as sleep aids, although benzodiazepines like Xanax are also used for this purpose. Sedative drugs also work on GABA and have actions similar to benzodiazepines, but they are often not as potent as benzodiazepines and not useful in treating seizures or alcohol withdrawal. In some cases, they might be useful for decreasing mild levels of clinical anxiety, but they are not commonly prescribed for this purpose. Overdoses on any of the above drugs can be fatal. Anyone attempting to recover from any of these substance use disorders should understand that they may be at extreme risk of serious consequences if they do not seek medical attention during the early stages of their recovery. The first step in the recovery process after full assessment is the medical detox program. In the case of opioid drugs, you should be give opioid replacement medication like Suboxone or methadone. These drugs can control withdrawal symptoms. Over time, your physician will slowly taper down dosage as symptom severity declines.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

depressants: short-term effects

People often forget that common prescriptions and over - counter medications can affect their brains and bodies. For example, many drugs have warning labels about possible effects of drowsiness or dizziness. So people who use them and then drive cause thousands of car crashes each year. In addition, drugs may blur vision, change depth perception, cause hallucinations, raise or lower blood pressure, and cause one to react too quickly or slowly. Having these effects is especially dangerous when you are behind the wheel. You are responsible for knowing the effects of medication you take. You can get a DUI even if you are under the influence of cough syrup, so consider that before you drive. Talk to your doctor and know risks to others and yourself while you are on the road if you take the following medications 1: antianxiety medication, Amphetamines Barbiturates Stimulants, Narcotic pain medications, Allergy medicines, Blood sugar medicines, Antidepressants Tranquilizers, Blood pressure medicines, Motion sickness medications, Ulcer medications, Antibiotics Antiseizure medicines, Paregoric Antinausea medicine Sedatives Cough syrups Alcohol - containing medicines Caffeine - containing medicines Decongestants remember, combining Alcohol with other drugs hugely increase effects that either drug would have on its own. Don't mix alcohol, drugs, and driving. It's fatal mistake. Short - term effects: Relaxation, indifference to emotional or physical pain, drowsiness, constipation, slow breathing, and death. Long - term effects: Highly addictive. As the body builds up tolerance for drug, more is needed to maintain the desired feeling. Withdrawals can be long and physically painful. Combining opioids with alcohol and other drugs can lead to death from respiratory failure. Short - term effects: Slows normal brain functions, gives drowsy feeling, but over time effects fade as the body builds tolerance. Long - term effects: Addiction can result, withdrawal can be painful, and drugs may cause seizures and death. Mixing these depressants with alcohol or other drugs can kill you. Short - term effects: Alertness, focus, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, increased blood pressure and heart rate, high body temperature. Long - term effects: Addiction, paranoia and long - term insomnia, extreme weight change.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

depressants: long-term effects

Tolerance of many depressants can develop rapidly, with larger doses needed to achieve the same effect. User,s trying to reach the same high, may raise their dose to a level that results in coma or death by overdose. Long - term use of depressants can produce depression, chronic fatigue, breathing difficulties, sexual problems and sleep problems. As dependency on drugs increases, cravings, anxiety or panic are common if user is unable to get more. Withdrawal symptoms include insomnia, weakness and nausea. For continual and high - dose users, agitation, high body temperature, delirium, hallucinations and convulsions can occur. Unlike withdrawal from most drugs, withdrawal from depressants can be life - threatening. These drugs can also increase the risk of high blood sugar, diabetes, and weight gain. In a study conducted by USA Today, based on Food and Drug Administration data over a four - year period, antipsychotics were prime suspects in forty - five deaths caused by heart problems, choking, liver failure and suicide. I have overdosed twice off of prescription pills and had a close friend die of the same drug. There is no worse feeling than knowing that your friend is dead because you give him pills you know relatively little about.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Barbiturates

Drowsiness, headache, Low blood pressure, nausea, Sedation skin rash, abnormally slow breathing, Coma Confusion Fainting Hallucinations Temporary breathing cessation Barbiturates have a very narrow therapeutic index, meaning small differences in dose can result in big differences in effects of drug and patients can easily develop Side Effects. Combining Barbiturates with other drugs such as opioids, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, or over - counter medications with antihistamines could be fatal. This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about Side Effects. If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first. This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist about all products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns or for more information about this medicine.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Alcohol

Alcohol is a depressant that slows the body's Central Nervous System, affects emotions, perceptions, movement, and vision. In small amounts, alcohol increases relaxation. However, larger quantities result in delayed reaction and impaired judgment. Heavy alcohol use can result in Unconsciousness, Seizures, and even Death. In a recent study of Australian twins, researchers determined that genetic factors account for approximately 53% of the risk for alcohol dependence. Researchers find that the remainder of risk for alcohol dependence is attributable to unique environmental factors; there was no evidence of shared environmental factors influencing alcohol dependence. Therefore, risk for alcohol dependence seems to be almost equally determined by environmental factors specific to individual user and genetic factors. A significant amount of research has been conducted on the heritability of alcohol use disorders, and other studies report similar findings. Washington University Twin Study reported heritability of alcohol dependence to be approximately 48%, whereas Harvard Twin Study reported approximately 55%. Though estimates often differ according to gender, ethnicity, and subtype, heritability estimates of alcohol use disorder tend to range between 50 and 60%; majority of Twin Study Research confirms this heritability rate. Nervous System depressant effects of Alcohol on level of consciousness in patients with head injuries have been assessed in a retrospective study of changes in Glasgow Coma Scale in 269 patients with traumatic brain injury, of whom 81 were excluded because of incomplete data. Other 188 were divided into those who were intoxicated and those who were not. Blood alcohol concentration was significantly related to changes in Glasgow Coma Scale scores in those who were intoxicated but not in others. Death prevalence of alcohol use in cases of unnatural Death has been studied in 1669 post - mortem examinations; 379 non - homicidal unnatural deaths were eligible, and alcohol concentrations were measured in blood and / or urine in 311 cases. Alcohol was detected in 162 cases, 133 men and 29 women. Alcohol concentrations were over 150 mg / dl in 99 cases, most commonly in those aged 18 - 49 years. Road traffic accidents, drowning, and hangings are common unnatural deaths associated with alcohol. Most road traffic deaths involve driver.S Alcohol concentration was higher than the legal driving limit of 80 mg / dl in 82% and over 150 mg / dl in 59% of these. Deaths attributed to alcohol were also found in study of alcohol consumption in foreign - and native - born Spaniards in a 1 - year study. The number of deaths attributed to alcohol consumption was calculated by means of alcohol - attributable fractions devised by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for calculating mortality rates. Alcohol - related mortality rates and age - adjusted mortality rates per 100 000 persons were calculated by sex. Mortality rates attributable to alcohol were lower among foreign - born than native - born Spaniards. Chronic conditions account for only 24% of all Alcohol - related deaths among foreign - born Spaniards, but 60% among native Spaniards.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What are prescription CNS depressants?

Depressants

TypeConditions They Treat
Barbiturates mephobarbital (Mebaral ) phenobarbital (Luminal ) sodium pentobarbital (Nembutal )Seizure disorders Anxiety and tension
Benzodiazepines alprazolam (Xanax ) clonazepam (Klonopin ) diazepam (Valium ) estazolam (ProSom ) lorazepam (Ativan )Acute stress reactions Panic attacks Convulsions Sleep disorders
Sleep Medications eszopiclone (Lunesta ) zolpidem (Ambien ) zaleplon (Sonata )Sleep disorders

Yes, you can die if you misuse depressants. In 2018, 899 people aged 15 - 24 died from overdose of antidepressant drug. Most of these deaths were from misuse of benzodiazepines, drugs designed to have calming effects, such as Valium or Xanax. Many of the deaths were in combination with opioid drug. 1 in fact, risk of overdose and death increases when depressants are combined with other drugs or alcohol. The number of deaths involving benzodiazepines or antidepressants in combination with opioids has increased steadily since 2014, while deaths from these drugs not mixed with opioids have remained steady.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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