Dracunculosis is an infection caused by a parasitic worm called Dracunculus medinensis, the guinea worm. Infected water fleas release the larvae of the worm into drinking water. Intake of infected water causes the larvae to migrate from the intestinal tracts via the abdominal cavity to the tissue under the skin. Dracunculosis is characterized by chronic skin ulcers. Tissue under the skin is infiltrated by developing larvae of the parasitical worm recognized as Dracunculus medinensis, or Guinea worm. A female worm all set to release larvae creates stinging elevated spots, triggering soreness and irritation of the skin.
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