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Drug Classifications

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Pharmacology, or study of drugs and medications, is a complicated subject. One of the ways to make it easier to understand is to have good knowledge of drug classification, or the system by which various drugs are grouped together. Stimulants Depressants Hallucinogens Dissociative Opioids Inhalants Cannabis for Drug Enforcement Agency purposes, These Drug classifications are further distil into 5 categories. Dea also refers to these as schedules, and these schedules depend on Drugs accepted and authorized medical use or Drugs abuse and dependency potential. The abuse rate of drugs is the determining factor when assigning schedule. For example, Schedule I Drugs are shown to have a high abuse rate and the potential to create significant psychological and physical dependence. 1 DEA defines physical dependence as developing when the body becomes habitually in need of drugs. Physical dependence is often exhibited both in development of tolerance to drugs and in withdrawal effects that might occur if a person stops using Drug. When a person builds tolerance to particular substance, it takes increasingly larger amounts of substance to experience the same effects as once occur with smaller amounts. Withdrawal develops with prolonged or excessive use and is experienced when drug is sharply reduced or stopped all together. Often, withdrawal symptoms are excruciating and difficult to manage, which further encourages drug use. Dependence on drugs is also associated with a variety of psychological and physical symptoms. These include social problems, financial difficulty, and legal issues. Psychological dependence presents a craving or intense need for drugs When a person becomes psychologically addict, they might experience excessive and uncontrollable desires to use drugs. Ultimately, this can lead to drug - seeking behavior. Drugs are categorized in a variety of different ways. In the pharmaceutical industry, drugs are grouped according to their chemical activity or conditions that they treat. There are many reasons to classify drugs, ranging from understanding the usefulness of particular types of drugs to formulating treatment plans based on chemically similar drugs. In the world of illicit and abused drug use, there are essentially 7 different types of drugs. Each has its own set of characteristics, effects, dangers, and side effects.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Legal Classification of Drugs

Defined Abbreviations

Defined AbbreviationControlled Substance Analogue
2C-B4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine
2C-T-72,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine
BZPN-Benzylpiperazine
DMTDimethyltryptamine
DOM4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine
GBLGamma butyrolactone
GHBGamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate
LAAMLevo-alphacetylmethadol
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide
MDA3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDE3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MPPP1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
P2PPhenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone
PCC1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile
PCEN-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine
PCH1-Phenylcyclohexylamine
PCP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine
PEPAP1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
PHP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine
SPA(-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane
TCP1-piperidine
TCPy1-pyrrolidine
THCTetrahydrocannabinols
THGTetrahydrogestrinone

Schedule 1 Drugs are defined as drugs that have no medical use and have high potential for addiction and abuse. These include drugs such as heroin, ecstasy, and LSD. Schedule 2 Drugs have a high rate of potential abuse along with significant psychological or physical dependence. Examples of Schedule 2 Drugs include cocaine, meth, and opioids. Schedule 3 Drugs have moderate to low potential for misuse. These include anabolic steroids, ketamine, and testosterone. Schedule 4 Drugs have low potential for dependence. Valium, Ativan, and Ambien are all Schedule 4 Drugs. Schedule 5 Drugs are medications usually used for antitussive, analgesic, or antidiarrheal purposes. There is a large amount of disagreement even among experts on how drugs should be classify. This means that the same drug might be categorized differently under two different systems. Because of this, it is virtually impossible to create a set of defining drug classification standards. However, here are some of the most common.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Chemical Classifications of Drugs

The US government classifies drugs according to their chemical makeup, risk of abuse, risk of addictiveness, abuse rate, and potency. It is from these schedules that legal consequences are determine. Knowing Drug Schedules can help individuals avoid further consequences of misuse by instead seeking treatment for substance abuse or addiction. Drug classifications were developed in 1970 after the US government passed the Control of Substances Act. Act attempts to help regulate drugs and substances according to their potential for abuse and also by any medical benefits they can provide. In addition to the federal Act, many States have passed their own acts determining statewide Drug Schedules as well. Essentially, drug classifications provide information about each drug: what is inside it and how chemical composition affect person using it, Drugs abuse and addictiveness potential, current abuse rate, and legal consequences of misusing it. Classifications of drugs in the US are determined by schedules, which are decided by the US Drug Enforcement Administration. Dea explains that drugs, substances, and certain chemicals used to make drugs are classified into five distinct categories or schedules depending upon drugs ' acceptable medical use and drugs abuse or dependency potential. To better break down this definition, drugs are defined chemically according to how they affect the brain and body and classified legally according to their abuse potential and / or if they have legitimate medical use. Drugs which are regulated by DEA are those which act on the central nervous system, affecting the body and brain through chemical reactions within the brain. These drugs require regulation because they are capable of altering people's feelings, emotions, and perception of pain. Cannabis: Though recently legalized for medical use in many States, cannabis is an illicit drug derived from plant, most common form of which is marijuana. Despite new regulations for cannabis and its derivatives, drug is still highly Abuse recreationally, remaining one of most abused drugs in the US and requiring some of the highest regulation.S Depressants: Central nervous system Depressants work to depress reactions within the body by slowing functions in the brain and body, such as breathing and heart rates, and producing overall sense of calm or sedation and heightening euphoria when Abuse. Depressant Drugs include: alcohol anti - sleep medications: eszopiclone, gamma hydroxybutyrate, zaleplon, and zolpidem Barbiturates: amobarbital sodium, pentobarbital sodium, secobarbital sodium, and phenobarbital benzodiazepines: alprazolam, diazepam, lorazepam, temazepam Hallucinogens: These Drugs affect people's perceptions and their awareness of their surroundings, as well as their thoughts and feelings, by causing hallucinations or sensations and / or images which seem very real but do not exist. Hallucinogenic Drugs include ayahuasca, DHT, d - lysergic acid diethylamide, peyote, and psilocybin. Inhalants: Inhalants are substances which are usually acquired through household or commercial products, but are typically not intended for consummation. These substances can be incredibly potent when inhaled and include solvents, aerosol sprays, and gases.

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A History of the CSA

Defined Abbreviations

Defined AbbreviationControlled Substance Analogue
2C-B4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine
2C-T-72,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine
BZPN-Benzylpiperazine
DMTDimethyltryptamine
DOM4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine
GBLGamma butyrolactone
GHBGamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate
LAAMLevo-alphacetylmethadol
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide
MDA3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDE3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MPPP1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
P2PPhenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone
PCC1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile
PCEN-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine
PCH1-Phenylcyclohexylamine
PCP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine
PEPAP1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
PHP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine
SPA(-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane
TCP1-piperidine
TCPy1-pyrrolidine
THCTetrahydrocannabinols
THGTetrahydrogestrinone

Drug classifications have officially been in place since the 1970s, when President Nixon signed the Control of Substances Act into law. However, CSA is merely a chapter in the United States ' long and complicated history of addictive substances. The US has been striving to safely and effectively control drug use since the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. This Act requires Food and Drug manufactures to clearly label any product that contains dangerous substances - substances that include alcohol, morphine, opium, and cannabis. The act was amended numerous times over six decades that follow, but the greatest change took effect in the early 1970s with CSA. Companion to Nixons War on Drugs, Control Substances Act gives DEA and Food and Drug Administration power to determine which substances are fit for medical use.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How Scheduling Works

In the United States, drugs and certain chemicals that are used to make drugs are organized into five different categories based on their potential for abuse, safety, addictive potential, and whether they have any legitimate medical uses. 1 DEA uses drug schedules as a way to classify and organize substances so law enforcement agents, lawmakers, and medical experts know how to handle them. Drug scheduling also makes the prescription drug industry safer, as it indicates dependency potential and degree of risk involved with taking certain prescription Drug. Drugs are always classified and organized by schedule though. It wasnt until the 1970s when the control Substances Act was signed into law that DEA and FDA were given power to determine which substances were fit for medical use and which were not. 2 Since then, some of the drugs listed in CSA have been add, delete, or changed to different Schedule. A full and comprehensive drug classifications chart is available per DEA in part 1308 of Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations, 3 but the chart below is a list of some of the most commonly abused substances and their current scheduling.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Drug Classifications: Law and Science

The Control Substances Act created a five - category scheduling system for most legal and illegal drugs. Depending on what category the drug is in, drug is either subject to varying degrees of regulation and control or completely prohibit, otherwise unregulated and leave to criminals to manufacture and distribute. The Scheduling of various Drugs was decided largely by Congress and absent scientific process with some strange results. For instance, while Methamphetamine and Cocaine are Schedule II Drugs, making them available for medical use, marijuana is Schedule alongside PCP and heroin as Schedule I drug, which prohibits any medical use. Making matters worse, CSA gives law enforcement not scientists or health officials final say on how new drugs should be scheduled and whether or not old drugs should be reschedule. Unsurprisingly, law enforcement blocks reform. Starting in 1972, Drug Enforcement Administration obstructed formal request to reschedule marijuana for 16 years. After being forced by courts to make a decision, agency holds two years of hearings. Dea c hief administrative law judge WHO held hearings and considered the issue concluded that marijuana in its natural form is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man and should be made available for medical use. Similar hearings on MDMA, aka ecstasy, conclude that it also has important medical uses. In both cases, DEA overruled its administrative law judge and kept drugs on Schedule I, unavailable for medical use. The current drug scheduling system is also structurally flaw. For instance, Schedule I is for drugs that are highly addictive and have no medical value, while other schedules are for drugs with medical value but varying degrees of safety and addiction risks. There are no categories, however, for drugs that have no medical value but have not proven to be highly addictive either, such as various synthetic drugs like spices or bath salts. Nor are there categories for drugs that are waiting to be evaluated for medical use. In a report published in the esteemed medical journal Lancet, researchers at the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs propose an alternative method for drug classification in the United Kingdom that might work in the United States. This new system uses a nine - category matrix to assess the harm of a range of licensed and illicit drugs. The new evidence - base classification system recognizes the fact that alcohol and tobacco cause far more individual and social harm than marijuana, LSD and MDMA, which have less potential for harm relative to other legal and illegal drugs. The Control Substances Act was passed in 1970. Forty - six years and eight presidents later, it remains almost exactly as it was enact. While federal drug policy hasnt changed much since President Nixon, individual states have moved in new direction.S Twenty - four States and the District have legalized marijuana for medical use; four States and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana for nonmedical use. The federal system is too inflexible to keep up and should be thoroughly redesign.

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5 Schedules of Drugs

Table

Schedule 1Includes drugs with no proven or acceptable medical use and a high abuse potential - authorized research only.
Schedule 2Includes narcotic drugs with a high potential for abuse but with currently accepted medical use in treatment. (Opiates, cocaine, methadone, meperidine, oxycodone, morphine, hydrocodone, fentanyl)
Schedule 2NIncludes non-narcotic drugs with a high potential for abuse, such as amphetamines, phenmetrazine, pentobarbital, methylphenidate, and short-acting barbiturates.
Schedule 3Includes narcotics in combination with other non-narcotic drugs, such as codeine combined with acetaminophen or aspirin, and buprenorphine.
Schedule 3NIncludes ketamine, anabolic steroids, and central nervous system depressants, such as glutethimide, methyprylon, and barbiturates not listed in other schedules. Also includes anorectant agents not included in other schedules.
Schedule 4Includes narcotics in combination with other non-narcotic drugs, antidiarrheals, mild CNS depressants, mild CNS stimulants, and tranquilizers. Drugs such as chloral hydrate, meprobamate, phenobarbital, diphenoxylate with atropine sulfate, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, carisoprodol, midazolam, alprazolam, and phentermine are in this group.
Schedule 5Includes narcotic cough syrups and ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine products.

Healthcare team, eg, physicians, nurses, pharmacists, etc., Need to work together to address pain control in their patients accurately as in the case of opioid analgesics which is a common class of Controlled Substances. Healthcare teams should schedule their patients for routine follow - up visits that include history and physical exams to monitor for adverse drug effects and drug misuse. Monitoring for signs of drug misuse is a very important responsibility for healthcare team because of epidemic rates of drug misuse worldwide, eg, USA, which can lead to death because of respiratory depression, eg, opioid analgesics. Methods for monitoring drug abuse as well as drug diversion include the following examples: assessment surveys, state prescription drug monitoring programs, urine screening, adherence check - lists, motivational Counseling, and dosage form, eg, tablet counting.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Defined Abbreviations

Defined AbbreviationControlled Substance Analogue
2C-B4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine
2C-T-72,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine
BZPN-Benzylpiperazine
DMTDimethyltryptamine
DOM4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine
GBLGamma butyrolactone
GHBGamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate
LAAMLevo-alphacetylmethadol
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide
MDA3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDE3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MPPP1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
P2PPhenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone
PCC1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile
PCEN-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine
PCH1-Phenylcyclohexylamine
PCP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine
PEPAP1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
PHP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine
SPA(-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane
TCP1-piperidine
TCPy1-pyrrolidine
THCTetrahydrocannabinols
THGTetrahydrogestrinone
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Stimulants

Stimulants are substances that induce a number of characteristic symptoms. Cns effects include alertness with increased vigilance, sense of well - being, and euphoria. Many users experience insomnia and anorexia, and some may develop psychotic symptoms. Stimulants have peripheral cardiovascular activity, including increased blood pressure and heart rate. They encompass a broad category of substances, including those prescribed for medical conditions; those manufactured for illicit substance abuse; and those found in over - counter decongestants, herbal extracts, caffeinated beverages, and cigarettes. A number of stimulants are classified by the US Drug Enforcement Agency as controlled substances. The initial section of this article reviews different stimulants classified by the DEA. Several of these stimulants have not been significantly prescribe, Abuse, or investigated in the United States; consequently, limited data is available. Stimulants that have been studied and classified by DEA, several OTC Drugs, and herbal medications with active stimulant ingredients are discuss. The mechanism of action of these stimulants, when know, is mention. Typical signs and symptoms of stimulant toxicity, along with appropriate pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment, are also review. Caffeine, Cocaine, amphetamines, Nicotine, and therapeutic use of stimulants for treatment - resistant depression and attention deficit disorder are not discussed in this article. See Cocaine - Related Psychiatric Disorders, Amphetamine - related Psychiatric Disorders, Caffeine - related Psychiatric Disorders, Nicotine Addiction, and ADHD for further information on these topics. For excellent patient Education resources, see eMedicineHealth's patient Education articles Club Drugs, Cocaine Abuse, Drug Dependence and Abuse, Narcotic Abuse, and Substance Abuse.


Schedule I drugs

See Cocaine - Related Psychiatric Disorders and Amphetamine - related Psychiatric Disorders for detailed discussion of those schedule II stimulants. Amphetamines include dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine. Amphetamines act as stimulants by releasing presynaptic dopamine, in contrast to Cocaine, which inhibits reuptake of dopamine. Amphetamines were initially used in inhalers for nasal congestion in the 1930s. Use of amphetamines, which do not control substances, spread to athletes, truck drivers, and the general population to promote alertness. Amphetamines are currently used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. They have been used and abused for weight control in individuals with eating disorders or obesity. Methylphenidate is piperidine that acts in a similar pharmacologic manner but is not structurally like amphetamine. It also has more prominent CNS versus peripheral stimulant activity. Methamphetamine can be created from ephedrine by drug dealers in home laboratories. Methamphetamine effects are more pronounced in CNS, with relatively diminished peripheral activity. Dextroamphetamine was used by soldiers to increase alertness and stamina during World War II. It has more prominent CNS activity relative to peripheral stimulant activity. Phenmetrazine is a stimulant that was widely prescribed for treatment of obesity in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s and in several European countries such as Sweden and Germany. It has become an extremely popular drug of abuse. A study of drug use among criminals found that for many methamphetamine addicts, phenmetrazine has become their drug of choice. In 1971, phenmetrazine was placed in the schedule II category. Abuse of this drug has ended because phenmetrazine was never illicitly manufactured and is no longer prescribe. Newer classes of stimulants have similar properties to amphetamines; however, they are less likely to lead to dependence and abuse. The Appetite - suppressant effect of stimulants has been apparent for many decades. In more recent years, stimulant medications with lower risk of abuse have been developed for the treatment of obesity. Because of this lower risk, newer anorectic agents were placed in schedule III and schedule IV. These drugs include dexfenfluramine, phentermine, fenfluramine, mazindol, diethylpropion, and fenproporex. Phentermine, mazindol, and diethylpropion affect noradrenergic systems, whereas fenfluramine modulates serotonergic activity. The efficacy of these agents in weight reduction is limited in part due to tolerance that develops with long - term treatment.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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On This Page:

Defined Abbreviations

Defined AbbreviationControlled Substance Analogue
2C-B4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine
2C-T-72,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine
BZPN-Benzylpiperazine
DMTDimethyltryptamine
DOM4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine
GBLGamma butyrolactone
GHBGamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate
LAAMLevo-alphacetylmethadol
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide
MDA3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDE3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MPPP1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
P2PPhenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone
PCC1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile
PCEN-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine
PCH1-Phenylcyclohexylamine
PCP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine
PEPAP1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
PHP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine
SPA(-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane
TCP1-piperidine
TCPy1-pyrrolidine
THCTetrahydrocannabinols
THGTetrahydrogestrinone

Early on, government developed a very basic classification system for medicines and offered a general classification system for drugs sold commercially for medicinal purposes. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was passed in 1938 to assist in deciding what drugs would be approved for specific uses. Ffdca gives the Food and Drug Administration power to determine the safety of various food products, medicinal drugs, and cosmetics in the United States. The act has been amended several times to allow for considerations that are used to investigate the efficacy of drugs or to incorporate new types of issues or information, such as preparations for bioterrorism and for other regulations regarding new developments in manufacturing of drugs. Ffdca is concerned with medicinal drugs or drugs that are designed to treat, prevent, and cure, or that are used in diagnoses of illnesses or diseases in people or animals. Prescription drugs that can only be dispensed with write prescription from a qualified healthcare professional, such as a physician, dentist, etc. Over - counter drugs that do not need to write prescription in order to be purchased FFCDA make additional designation between chemical compound drugs and biologic drugs. Chemical compounds are drugs that are manufactured by combining specific chemicals in fixed proportions. These are drugs that most big pharmaceutical companies market. They are often further broken down into: brand - name drugs are patented and can only be manufactured and distributed by companies that hold patent, such as Tylenol. Generic drugs are basically the same composition but manufactured by different companies under different names; often generic drugs are less expensive than brand - name versions, such as acetaminophen, which is generic for Tylenol. Biologic drugs are composed of a wide range of different therapeutic products, such as vaccines, gene therapy materials, recumbent therapeutic proteins, and so forth. Unlike chemical drugs, biologics are manufactured in some type of living organism or living system, such as plant,s animal, or even in microorganisms like bacterium.S These products require very strict regulations as they are highly sensitive to environmental changes, and even the slightest alteration in conditions under which they are manufactured can affect their composition. Under this category, there are: patented biologics that can be manufactured and marketed only by companies holding patent. Biosimilars are simply generic versions of biologics. These are rare because it is difficult for companies to establish that a biosimilar drug is equivalent to the original biologic in terms of its effectiveness and composition. The first accepted biosimilar drug in the United States was approved by FDA in March 2015.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Alcohol

It is classed as depressant, meaning that it slows down vital functionsresulting in slurred speech, unsteady movement, disturbed perceptions and inability to react quickly. As for how it affects the mind, it is best understood as a drug that reduces persons ability to think rationally and distorts his or her judgment. Although classified as depressant, amount of alcohol consumed determines the type of effect. Most people drink for stimulant effect, such as beer or a glass of wine to loosen up. But if a person consumes more than their body can handle, they then experience alcohol depressant effect. They start to feel stupid or lose coordination and control. Alcohol overdose causes even more severe depressant effects. These reactions depend on how much is consumed and how quickly. There are different kinds of alcohol. Ethyl alcohol, only alcohol used in beverages, is produced by fermentation of grains and fruits. Fermenting is a chemical process whereby yeast acts upon certain ingredients in food, creating alcohol.


What are Drug Classifications?

Chemically, drugs are segregated and categorized based on their effects on the body and the brain. The most common chemical classifications are opioids, Hallucinogens, Stimulants, and Depressants. In addition to this, DEA also makes legal classification of drugs and they group same according to schedules. The basis for this drug scheduling scheme is drugs ' medical value and their risk of dependence and abuse. Drugs can be grouped and classified in various ways. In medicine and pharmacology, drugs are sorted based on their chemical activities and on their respective treatment conditions. Mucolytics are drugs which relieve respiratory congestion by breaking down mucus while anticonvulsant drugs are used to deal with seizures. If we talk about drug addiction and rehab, following drug classifications are used more frequently: Anabolic steroids, Depressants, Hallucinogens, Narcotics, Stimulants. All these classifications, except anabolic steroids, belong to psychoactive types because these are known to affect the brain and make changes on one feelings, moods, thoughts, memory, mental processing, discernment, and behavior. Aside from that, these drugs are linked to a multitude of mental conditions, physical health issues, and even personal problems like psychosis due to cannabis, social stigma, liver cirrhosis, and even financial troubles and legal issues. Prioritize Safety Technology - Friendly Relaxing Environment Patients Privacy Customized Treatment

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Opioids

Defined Abbreviations

Defined AbbreviationControlled Substance Analogue
2C-B4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine
2C-T-72,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine
BZPN-Benzylpiperazine
DMTDimethyltryptamine
DOM4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine
GBLGamma butyrolactone
GHBGamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate
LAAMLevo-alphacetylmethadol
LSDLysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide
MDA3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDE3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MPPP1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
P2PPhenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone
PCC1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile
PCEN-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine
PCH1-Phenylcyclohexylamine
PCP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine
PEPAP1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
PHP1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine
SPA(-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane
TCP1-piperidine
TCPy1-pyrrolidine
THCTetrahydrocannabinols
THGTetrahydrogestrinone

More commonly referred to as opiates, opioids are either derived from drug opium or a series of synthetic chemicals designed to mimic opium. Opiates work by interacting with neurotransmitters in the brain and blocking signals that they are sending. This enables opioids to be used as extremely powerful painkillers, but they also induce feelings of intense pleasure, which is one of the reasons they are so addictive. Opioid addiction is one of the most serious problems faced in America today. Opiates are one of the most addictive substances know today, and they are also some of the most lethal. Some popular examples of opioids include: heroin, Fentanyl, Oxycodone

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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