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Enterocolitis Symptoms

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

Colon, Or Large Intestine, Is Hollow, Muscular Tube That Processes Waste Products Of Digestion From Small Intestine, Removes Water, And Ultimately Eliminates Remnants Such As Feces Through Anus. Colon is located within peritoneum, sac that contains intestine, located in abdominal cavity. Colon is surrounded by layers of tissue. Innermost Layer Of Colon Is Mucosa That Comes Into Contact With Waste Products Of Digestion. Mucosa absorbs water and electrolytes back into blood vessels that are located just below surface in submucosa. This is surrounded by circular layer of muscles and then another outer layer of longitudinal muscles that run along length of colon. Muscles work together to rhythmically squeeze liquid waste from cecum through entire length of colon. Water is remove, turning waste into formed stool, so that it is excrete out of anus in solid form. Colon frames organs within peritoneum, and its segments are named based on their location. Colons usually begin in right lower quadrant of abdomen, where terminal ileum, last part of small intestine, attaches to cecum, first segment of colon. Appendix Is Attached To Cecum. Ascending colon begins at cecum and arises from right lower abdomen to right upper abdomen near liver. Colon Then Makes Sharp Left Turn Called Hepatic Flexure, And Is Referred To As Transverse Colon, As It Makes Its Way To Left Upper Quadrant Of Abdomen Near Spleen. There is sharp downward turn called splenic flexure, and it is referred to as descending colon as it runs from left upper quadrant to left lower quadrant of abdomen. When it descends into pelvis, it is referred to as sigmoid colon. Last Several Centimeters Of Colon Are Referred To As Rectum. Anus is final portion of colon. Many bacteria reside in colon;ss they live in harmony with body and cause no symptoms. However, some infections can result virus, bacteria, or parasite invade small and / or large intestine. Campylobacter, Shigella, E. Yersinia, Salmonella. These infections occur because patient has eaten contaminated food. Symptoms can include Diarrhea with or without blood, cramps, and dehydration from water loss because of numerous watery, bowel movements. Other organs can also be affected by infection or toxins that can produce. Clostridium difficile, commonly referred to as C. Diff, is bacterial cause of colitis that often occurs after person has been prescribed antibiotics or has been hospitalize. C. Diff found in colons of healthy people and coexists with other normal bacteria. But when are prescribe, susceptible bacteria in colon can be destroy, allowing clostridia to grow unchecked, causing colitis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Types

It is also possible for symptoms of enterocolitis to develop after course of antibiotics. In healthy persons intestines, bacteria fight for place on intestinal wall, where they help break down and digest foods. When people take antibiotics, of these bacteria die. This leaves perfect environment for more harmful bacteria, such as Clostridium difficile, to cause infection. As C. Difficile bacteria spread, they release toxins into body. These toxins damage and inflame inner wall of intestines and cause symptoms, including: cramps and bloating urge to use bathroom more frequently, watery diarrhea, fever, tiredness, general ill feeling or malaise, severe stomach pain. This type of may also progress into another form that doctors call pseudomembranous enterocolitis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Diagnosis

Ulcerative colitis treatment involves either drug therapy or surgery. Several categories of drugs may be effective treating ulcerative colitis. Type You Take Will Depend On Severity Of Your Condition. Drugs that work well for some people not work for others, so it may take time to find medication that help you. In addition, because some drugs have serious side effects, you'll need to weigh benefits and risks of any treatment. Anti-inflammatory drugs are often first step in treatment of ulcerative colitis and are appropriate for majority of people with this condition. They include: 5-aminosalicylates. Examples of this type of include sulfasalazine, mesalamine, balsalazide and olsalazine. Which one you take, and whether it is take by mouth or as enema or suppository, depends on area of your colon that's affect. Corticosteroids. These drugs, which include prednisone and budesonide, generally reserved for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis that doesn't respond to other treatments. Due to side effects, are not usually give long term. These drugs also reduce inflammation, but they do so suppressing immune system response that start process of inflammation. For some people, combination of these drugs better than one drug alone. Azathioprine and mercaptopurine. These are most widely used immunosuppressants for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Taking them requires that you follow up closely with your doctor and have your blood checked regularly to look for side effects, including effects on liver and pancreas. Cyclosporine. This drug is normally reserved for who haven't responded well to other medications. Cyclosporine has potential for serious side effects and is not long-term use. Tofacitinib. This is called small molecule and works by stopping process of inflammation. Tofacitinib is effective when other don't work. Main side effects include risk of shingles infection and blood clots. This class of therapies targets proteins made by immune system. Types of biologics to treat ulcerative colitis include: infliximab, adalimumab and golimumab. These drugs, called tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, or biologics, work neutralizing protein produced by your immune system. They are for people with severe ulcerative colitis who don't respond to or tolerate other treatments. Vedolizumab. This medication is approved for treatment of ulcerative colitis for people who don't respond to or can't tolerate other treatments. It works by blocking inflammatory cells from getting to site of inflammation. Ustekinumab. This medication is approved for treatment of ulcerative colitis for people who don't respond to or can't tolerate other treatments. It works by blocking different proteins cause inflammation. You may need additional to manage specific symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Always talk your doctor before using over-counter medications. He or she may recommend one or more of following. Anti-diarrheal medications. For severe diarrhea, loperamide be effective.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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