Esophageal Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 03 May 2022
medpix case - squamous cell esophageal cancer "medpix case - squamous cell esophageal cancer", by Original Source: LTC Antonio Balingit, MD - Madigan Army Medical Center Dept. of Nuclear Medicine; Author: Kevin S. Payne (Madigan Army Medical Center); Approved By: Angela Levy, M.D. (Georgetown University Hospital);. Orthogonal views of PET/PET CT fused images illustrating both esophageal and lung lesions. Esophageal neoplasm highlighted with red crosshairs....

Esophageal cancer is a type of unusual cancer that grows in the esophagus. Both most common types of esophageal cancer are adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Esophageal cancer is uncommon type of cancer, comprising about 1% of cancer cases in the United States. Biopsy: To check if the tumor is esophageal cancer, your medical professional will do a biopsy, taking a small sample from the tumor. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays or other types of radiation to eliminate the cancer cells. When the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body, radiation treatment is used. Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is targeted at the changes in cancer cells that aid them grow, separate, and spread. Symptoms that may develop as the cancer grows include heartburn, pain when swallowing, problem ingesting, a hoarse voice, a coughing that does not vanish, weight management, and divulging blood. The specific reason for esophageal cancer usually is not understood, but both hereditary and ecological factors are thought to contribute in its development. For instance, variants or mutations in any one of several genetics may cause vulnerability to esophageal cancer. Environmental aspects that might increase a person's chance to develop esophageal cancer consist of cigarette use, heavy alcohol use, older age, weight problems, and damages to the esophagus from acid reflux. Therapy choices and the chance of recovery depend on the phase of the cancer, whether it can be operatively gotten rid of, and a person's general health and wellness. When the cancer is advanced, it can be dealt with but seldom can be treated. Esophageal cancer is defined by abnormal, uncontrolled cellular development that forms in cells and cells of the esophagus. In the very early stages esophageal cancer might not be connected with any symptoms. Because of esophageal cancer, affected people might additionally experience chronic blood loss. Anemia is a condition in which there is a low degree of flowing red cell. Red cell supply oxygen throughout the body. The windpipe is the tube that links the throat to the lungs.

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Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Esophageal Cancer

(Table source)
StagePercent of Cases5-Year Relative Survival
Localized Confined to Primary Site18%47.3%
Regional Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes33%26.3%
Distant Cancer Has Metastasized39%5.7%
Unknown Unstaged10%13.4%

How Common Is This Cancer?

(Table source)
RankCommon Types of CancerEstimated New Cases 2022Estimated Deaths 2022
1.Breast Cancer (Female)287,85043,250
2.Prostate Cancer268,49034,500
3.Lung and Bronchus Cancer236,740130,180
4.Colorectal Cancer151,03052,580
5.Melanoma of the Skin99,7807,650
6.Bladder Cancer81,18017,100
7.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma80,47020,250
8.Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer79,00013,920
9.Uterine Cancer65,95012,550
10.Pancreatic Cancer62,21049,830
---
17.Esophageal Cancer20,64016,410

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Esophageal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races7.2
Non-Hispanic White8.4
Non-Hispanic Black5.7
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander3.7
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native8.8
Hispanic4.9

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Esophageal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races1.7
Non-Hispanic White1.9
Non-Hispanic Black2.0
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander1.0
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native2.6
Hispanic1.1

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Esophageal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of New Cases
<200.0%
20–340.4%
35–441.8%
45–548.7%
55–6426.7%
65–7433.3%
75–8420.6%
>848.4%

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Esophageal Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races6.8
Non-Hispanic White7.7
Non-Hispanic Black5.0
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander2.7
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native6.7
Hispanic3.6

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Esophageal Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races1.4
Non-Hispanic White1.5
Non-Hispanic Black1.6
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.7
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native1.7
Hispanic0.7

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Esophageal Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of Deaths
<200.0%
20–340.3%
35–441.4%
45–547.5%
55–6424.6%
65–7432.2%
75–8423.0%
>8411.1%
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