Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a therapy that uses a pump to flow blood via a fabricated lung back into the blood stream of a very unwell child. ECMO is used in babies that are sick as a result of breathing or heart issues. The objective of ECMO is to provide enough oxygen to the child while allowing time for the lungs and heart to remainder or recover. Genetic diaphragmatic rupture; Birth issues of the heart; Meconium aspiration disorder; Severe pneumonia; Severe air leakage problems; Severe high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs; It might be used throughout the recovery period after heart surgery. Starting ECMO requires a large team of caretakers to maintain the baby, as well as the cautious set up and priming of the ECMO pump with fluid and blood. Surgery is executed to attach the ECMO pump to the infant through catheters that are positioned into large blood vessels in the baby's neck or groin. However, most children that need ECMO would most likely die if it were not used.
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