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F32 Grant

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Last Updated: 26 September 2020

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For Postdoctoral researchers in Biomedical Sciences hoping to establish independent academic research careers, one crucial factor can make an enormous difference: whether they receive a training fellowship. That conclusion of a recent National Bureau of Economic Research working paper, which found that postdocs who receive National Institutes of Health Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship, otherwise know as F32, are several percentage points more likely to go on to win career - making NIH R01 Research project grants than postdocs who dont get Fellowship, even among those with similar proposal review scores. Authors argue that findings mean the fellowship program is working as intended and should be expanded to shepherd even more postdocs into independent careers, in line with recommendation from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report published earlier this month to increase by fivefold number of such training grants available to both domestic and foreign postdocs. The effect size was much larger and more robust than we expect, said study co - author Donna Ginther, professor of economics at University of Kansas in Lawrence who specializes in scientific workforce. The F32 Award, she and her co - authors conclude, is an important tool for keeping and promoting postdocs within the academic Biomedical workforce. Our report gives evidence to NIH that that is money well - spent. Others, however, argue that results highlight a problem: F32 has become something of a kingmaker, deciding early and possibly based on bias judgingwho will go on to tenure - track career and who will eventually be forced out. Across all applicants, F32 awardees are 67% more likely to win R01 than nonawardees. In effect, applicant's chance of becoming an independent investigator is reduced by nearly half if he / she is rejected for this Award, wrote biologist David Levitt, professor at University of Minnesota in Minneapolis who has studied postdoc career paths, in an e - mail to Science Careers. This award has, I think, become a major filter for selecting those that will go on to become independent investigatorirrespective of anything else. The Reports authors tally data on 14 276 demographically similar scientists who applied for the highly competitive F32 Award between 1996 and 2008. About 20% of those who won F32 later received R01 grantlong, seen as a keystone of a sustainable independent Biomedical Research careercompared to only 12% of nonawardees. If the awardee and nonawardee had approximately the same score on their F32 proposals, awardee was approximately 7 percentage points more likely to win subsequent NIH Research Award of any kind, and was approximately 5 percentage points more likely to later win R01. A recent study of Research Funding in the Netherlands illustrates how such decisions can play out across scientists ' careers. Researchers investigate phenomenon called Matthew effectnamed, after parable of talents in the Gospel of Matthewin which scientists early success begets later success.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Transition

Earning Training fellowships seems to be an increasingly important component of successful faculty job search, according to a recent study. The study uses winning National Institutes of Health R01 grantthe agency's bread - and - butter Research Funding mechanismfor first time as proxy for having a land faculty position. Between 2000 and 2017, first - time R01 winners increasingly received NIH Training fellowships earlier in their careers, although they were still in the minority. Results suggest that such Training Awards may be playing an increasingly important role in bridging Transition to Independence, whether via Training, shot of prestige for faculty job search, or combinationbut, that does mean that theyre required for faculty position. People that have Training Awards have had successful experience in the NIH Grant - making system, and I think universities value that experience, said Chris Pickett, director of nonprofit organization Rescuing Biomedical Research and author of the study, which was posted on bioRxiv preprint server earlier this month. But institutions factor in other aspects of candidates ' CV, too, he emphasize. Pickett looks at NIH F - series Training Awards which include predoctoral and Postdoctoral versions of Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards, otherwise know as F31 and F32, respectivelyas, well as K - series Career Development Awards that can go to postdocs as well as junior faculty members, including K99 Pathway to Independence Award. Approximately 37% of faculty members who received their first R01 in 2017 had also received prior F or K Training fellowshipthats up from 23% in 2000. And those numbers are likely even higher when Training fellowship requirements for US citizenship or permanent residency are taken into account: About 15% to 25% of Biomedical faculty members are foreign - born, so it estimate that about half of first - time R01 recipients in 2017 who were eligible had received prior Training fellowship. The percentage of first - time R01 awardees with prior K Award increased from approximately 10% to 29% between 2000 and 2017. This is likely due to a combination of increasing overall abundance of K awardsK99 Grants, for example, were first Award in 2007and greater interest in these Awards by those making faculty hires, Pickett say. The trend was opposite for F Awards: Across the same timeframe, percentage of first - time R01 awardees with prior F - series fellowship declined slightly, from 14% to 12%. The reason for this drop is unclear. Different types of institutions also appear to weigh these awards differently relative to other factors, such as where scientists are train. After dividing institutions into quartiles based on the number of first - time R01s they receivedintended, to reflect how universities recruit and support junior faculty members, not institutional prestigePickett, found that fellowship recipients who train at top quartile institutions later receive R01s, and jobs, across the whole research enterprise. But those who train at institutions in the third or fourth quartiles rarely get jobs at institutions in the first quartile. This probably reflects how hiring committees value different aspects of someone's application, Pickett say.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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