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Fast Food Addiction

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Fast Food / Junk Food is designed to be tasty, comforting and convenient. Unfortunately, whilst these foods contain lots of calories, they often have far lower levels of fiber, water and minerals as compared to natural foods. Package food and snacks are also created specifically so that we get enough texture and taste from each bite to tantalize our taste buds; but not enough to make US feel full. Its evident that fast food feels good to eat and tempts the US in many different situations. Fast Food was first popularized in the 1970s in the United States, which has today largest fast food industry in the world. As taste, time considerations, convenience, and cost are major factors that contribute to adolescent or young adults ' food choices, fast food restaurants serve as popular sites for their meals outside home. Current approaches suggest that fast food restaurants should be required to clarify nutrition information such as energy and fat content on their menu boards and on product packaging. This is important to help consumers to make better food choices before purchasing. An adequate, nutritious, and balanced diet is essential to maintain health for a lifetime. To achieve this healthy diet, fast food consumption should be limit. Menus, As lists of prepared foods, provide origin of food items, restaurant's mission, chef's philosophy of cooking, brief idea about food processing, special combo offers along with their cost. Colorful menu or flyers attracts fast food lovers to spend more and more in their favorite restaurants for both its decadent yumminess and its ultra-convenience. High income, rapid urbanization, Free home deliveries, mouthwatering - advertisements and international cuisines have contributed to the rising trend in increased Junk Food intake. Calculation of monetary costs gets more priority than actual hidden health costs, as usual. Growing widespread use of fast food among adolescents and young adults is of concern due to high fat and energy intake, which may cause Obesity and subsequently Obesity-relate chronic diseases. Add fat, sugar, and salt to create a taste that makes people crave these foods, sensation that many describe as Addiction. The increase in Junk Food consumption is a global phenomenon having a prevalence of around 70%. US fast-Food sales increased exponentially between 1970 and 2000, from $6 billion to $110 billion. During this time, obesity rates among US adults double and it is expected that 85% of US citizens will be affected by obesity by 2030. The real-life cost of fast foods in terms of Obesity, diabetes and cardiac complications are well document, repeated several times in newspapers, Health bulletins, journals and so on. New York city become the first jurisdiction in the US to require Restaurant chains to post calorie information on menus and menu boards. However, dark side of fast food consumption is not end yet, some more are there to look forward. To Most fast food contains large amounts of sugar, fats and carbs and less minerals and vitamins.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Fast Food, Fast Weight Gain

Most fast food, including drinks and sides, are loaded with carbohydrates with little to no fiber. When your digestive system breaks down these foods, carbs are released as glucose into your bloodstream. As a result, your blood sugar increases. Your pancreas responds to a surge in glucose by releasing insulin. Insulin transports sugar throughout your body to cells that need it for energy. As your body uses or stores sugar, your blood sugar returns to normal. This blood sugar process is highly regulated by your body, and as long as youre healthy, your organs can properly handle these sugar spikes. But frequently eating high amounts of carbs can lead to repeated spikes in your blood sugar. Over time, these insulin spikes may cause your bodys normal insulin response to falter. This increases your risk for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and weight gain.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Coming Clean

Breaking fast-food addiction is similar to breaking other addictions, Experts say: Begin by admitting there is a problem, then make a plan to stop. Gittleman believes the body needs to do some nutritional sprinting to get rid of toxins present in fast food. In one of her earlier books, Fast Track Detox Diet, she calls for a week of highly conscious eating lots of fruits and vegetables that maximize liver function; flaxseed and other foods that maximize colon function; healthy oils, small amounts of lean meat, and plenty of water, while avoiding excess dietary fats, trans fats, sugars, artificial sweeteners, alcohol and caffeine. One-day juice Fast and three-day re-entry Diet follow. Other nutritionists feel that fast-food addicts should taper off, rather than go cold turkey. Desmaisons suggest you begin by eating a daily breakfast that includes a good measure of healthy protein. The point is to fortify your body with good food and prevent the kind of hunger that sends you rushing for fast-food fix. Katz has a similarly pragmatic approach, especially with patients who say they ca live without their fast-food fix. He allows them that fix, at least, for a while, but shows them how to make the rest of their diet healthier by reading labels and avoiding sugar and fat hidden in other foods. Eventually, they can rehabilitate their taste buds and transition away from fast-food preference. There are ways to satisfy just about any craving with foods that are good for you, Katz say. Our taste buds are very adaptable if they ca get food they love, they learn to love food theyre with. For more on fast food and trans fats, check out Fat Chance and Lure, Lie.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Continued

Junk food may be addictive in the same way as heroin or cocaine, according to study showing that laboratory rats will endure painful electric shocks to satisfy their craving for high-calorie snacks made from sausages, bacon and cheesecake. Scientists have found that a cafe-style diet of fatty, sugary food results in compulsive overeating among rats and causes neuro-chemical changes to the brain that mimic the sort of alterations in the human brain brought about by addiction to heroin and cocaine. Findings lend support to the idea that certain types of energy-intensive foods can trigger compulsive overeating and obesity in humans, leading to form of Food Addiction that is almost impossible to overcome by dieting. Researchers find that rats offer junk food quickly become so attached to it that they would endure painful but harmless electric shocks to their feet in order to eat it. They would even prefer to starve themselves rather than eat salad bar option of typical rodent food eaten by rats that had never had junk food. When scientists analyse brains of junk-Food rats, they found that a key pleasure-reward system known to be involved in triggering drug addiction in humans was overstimulated, causing animals to eat more and more food in order to enjoy the same chemical high felt in their brains. It presents the most thorough and compelling evidence that drug addiction and obesity are based on the same underlying neurobiological mechanisms, says Professor Paul Kenny at Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Florida. Animals completely lose control over their eating behaviour, primary hallmark of addiction. They continue to overeat even when they anticipate receiving electric shocks, highlighting just how motivated they are to consume palatable food. The three-year study, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, tries to reproduce a diet for rats based on the sort of high-calorie, high-fat food known to contribute to human obesity. Scientists found that it was easy to accustom rats to eating such delicacies as sausages and cheesecake. They always go for the worst types of food and, as a result, they take in twice calories as control rats. When we remove junk food and try to put them on a nutritious diet-what we call'salad bar option'-they simply refuse to eat, Professor Kenny say. The change in their diet was so great that they basically starved themselves for two weeks after they were cut off from their junk food. Rats showing addiction-like behaviour towards junk food also had fewer dopamine D2 receptors in part of the brain called the striatum compared to ordinary rats. These receptors are responsible for triggering response to dopamine, neurochemical that transmits signals between certain brain cells involved in feelings of pleasure towards things like food, sex and drugs. Fewer D2 receptors in the striatum of the human brain are associated with drug addiction, as well as genetic predisposition towards obesity.


Signs of Food Addiction

According to 2019 research, three positions summarize current debate around food addiction: addictive potential of certain foods, such as those with high levels of carbohydrates or fat, qualifies food addiction as a substance use disorder. Researchers have not identified specific substance that trigger addiction, such as nicotine in cigarettes, in potentially addictive foods. This means that eating addiction is behavioral and not related to substance. Neither of the above holds scientific weight, and even if they do, diagnosing compulsive eating as food addiction would not be clinically helpful. Despite not having formal diagnosis in DSM-5, some healthcare professionals still use the term food addiction. Study leader, Dr. Miele, argues that some people cite obesity prevention as justification for food addiction diagnosis, and that many laws around restricting potentially addictive foods take inspiration from similar laws around tobacco and alcohol, such as higher taxation. Around 35% of adults in the United States have obesity. However, people with obesity equate to only about one-third of those who compulsively eat, even though food addiction has some associations with weight gain. While food addiction may contribute to obesity for some people, it is also not the only factor. One earlier review found that up to 10% of people with normal weight range or overweight had food addiction. However, there are few recent studies on its prevalence. Therefore, Dr. Miele maintains that treating compulsive eating might have indirect benefits for obesity prevention at national level, but that the success of these initiatives do not depend on people compulsively eating. Other researchers argue that there is not enough evidence to suggest that food has the same addictive qualities as alcohol or cigarettes. This research states that the term food addiction is misleading, because it suggests that specific ingredients themselves are addictive. Those on side of diagnosing food addiction suggest that consuming food triggers pleasurable chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine, that act as reward. These chemicals can also act as release from emotional distress. Read more on compulsive sexual behavior, another hotly debated addiction diagnosis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How does food addiction work?

Researchers at Yale University's Rudd Center for Food Science & Policy have developed a Questionnaire to identify people with food addictions. Here's sample of questions that can help determine if you have a food addiction. Do these actions apply to you? Do you: end up eating more than planned When you start eating certain foods Keep eating certain foods even if you're no longer hungry Eat to the point of feeling ill Worry about not eating certain types of foods or worry about cutting down on certain types of foods When certain foods aren't available, go out of your way to obtain them Questionnaire also ask about impact of your relationship with Food on your personal life. Ask yourself if these situations apply to you: you eat certain foods so often or in such large amounts that you start eating food instead of working, spending time with family, or doing recreational activities. You avoid professional or social situations where certain foods are available because of fear of overeating. You have problems functioning effectively at your job or school because of food and eating. The Questionnaire asks about psychological withdrawal symptoms. For example, when you cut down on certain foods, do you have symptoms such as: Questionnaire also tries to gauge the impact of food decisions on your emotions. Do these situations apply to you? Eating food causes problems such as depression, anxiety, self-loathing, or guilt. You need to eat more and more food to reduce negative emotions or increase pleasure. Eating the same amount of food doesn't reduce negative emotions or increase pleasure way it used to.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Its a serious problem

Though the term addiction is often thrown around lightly, having true addiction is a serious condition that typically requires treatment to overcome. Symptoms and thought processes associated with Food Addiction are similar to those of drug abuse. It just different substance, and social consequences may be less severe. Food addiction can cause physical harm and lead to chronic health conditions like obesity and type 2 diabetes. In addition, it may negatively impact persons self-esteem and self-image, making them unhappy with their body. As with other addictions, food addiction may take an emotional toll and increase persons risk of premature death.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Consider seeking help

Data collection, review, Reporting, and discussion were conducted according to prefer Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. A Literature search was carried out in PubMed and PsychINFO databases using varying combinations of the following keywords: Food Addiction, Addiction, process Addiction, binge Eating, hedonic Eating, compulsive overeating, compulsive Eating, Eating behavior, Food, eat, feeding behavior / psychology, Food preferences, Food habits, hyperphagia, Eating Disorders, obesity, overeat *. Meshterms were used in PubMed search. Filters were used in both databases according to studys predetermine inclusion and exclusion criteria. Give that study type filters on PubMed only identified articles in print, second search was do using same search terms without filters in order to identify recent articles published online before print. Additional studies were identified through review of references listed in the identified articles. Due to the proliferative nature of research on Food Addiction, two searches were done. The first was completed on 29 June 2016, and the second was completed on 8 January 2018. Protocols were followed for both searches exactly as described above, with the exception that the second search included only articles published since 30 June 2016. Articles include if their state purpose was to test validity of Food Addiction construct, and if they fulfil following modified PICOS criteria. Acceptable participants include humans or animals of any age with no specific limitations on disease or diagnosis. Only quantitative, empirical, peer-review studies published in English language were include. American Psychological Associations defines quantitative studies as those which provide numerical representation of observations for the purpose of describing and explaining phenomenon study followed by application ofstatistical methods,. Therefore, studies using self-report measures that produce numerical outcome were considered quantitative. Empirical studies were defined as those based on onsystematic observation, or experiment, rather than theory or general philosophical principle. Studies examining any type of intervention or comparison within these constraints were included in order to accurately reflect the heterogeneous nature of existing literature. Studies could be published online or in print, and no limits were set on the date of publication. Finally, because not all overweight / obese individuals or individuals with Eating Disorders report Addiction-like symptoms related to food, studies defining Food Addiction solely by weight, BMI, or eating disorder diagnosis were exclude. Articles selected from PubMed and PsychINFO were reviewed first by title, then abstract, and finally full article for relevancy and eligibility using inclusion criteria described above. The first author independently assessed study eligibility, and articles whose eligibility was Unclear were reviewed by two experienced obesity researchers. The Last include Study was identified in January 2018. The Flowchart for Study inclusion is depicted in Figure 1. The Data extraction form used for this study was modelled after forms used in similar Systematic Reviews and was modified for the current paper. The following data were extract: author / year of publication, Study type, sample characteristics, number of subjects in treatment / control groups, main independent variable, and main outcome variable.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

1. Plan Your Attack

Avoiding junk food doesn't mean you must turn your friends or family down when they invite you out to eat. However, you should plan your meal before you get to the restaurant. Locate the restaurant's website and pick the healthiest meal option. When you find yourself in front of the menu, set it to side of the table and stick to your preplanned dish. This prevents you from making unhealthy, impulse decisions. When your meal arrives, ask the waiter to place half of it in a to-go container. Most restaurant portions are too much for one sitting. Leftovers make a nice treat for later, relieving you from cooking your next meal. Taking a break from cooking every now and then keeps you from getting burn out.


Toss the Junk

Having treatment from time to time is part of a balanced approach to eating and living well. Follow these tips to cut junk food from your day and save it as a treat-you will actually enjoy these foods more and your body will love you for it! Junk foods like chips, cakes, biscuits, chocolate, lollies and sugary drinks are highly process, high in energy and low in nutrients. Unfortunately, these foods and drinks do add any value, just lots of added sugar, saturated fat and salt. Despite being enjoyable to eat, it can be easy to overeat when you snack on foods and have sugary drinks that dont satisfy. You may notice the more you have, more you crave them. Although research is unclear, some studies have suggested that junk foods are as addictive as alcohol and drugs. Ditching junk food will save you money and help you to feel energised, happier, and motivated to be healthier.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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