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French Union for Women's Suffrage

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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French Union for Women's Suffrage

AbbreviationUFSF
Formation1909
Dissolved1945
PurposeObtain the franchise for women
HeadquartersParis
RegionFrance
Official languageFrench
Key peopleCecile Brunschwicg
AffiliationsInternational Woman Suffrage Alliance

Although measure was signed into law on April 21 1944 under provisional government led by Gen. Charles de Gaulle, French women did not actually cast their ballot for first time until April 29 1945, in what were countrys first general elections since it was liberated from German occupation. News reels from that historic day show such prominent figures as Irene Joliot-Curie, who won Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1935, and Gilberte Brossolette, widow of French Resistance hero Pierre Brossolette, at polls, sliding their votes into ballot boxes. Yet compared with many other countries, women's suffrage comes late to France. Although still British colony at time, New Zealand was first nation to grant women right to vote in 1893. Other countries followed suit over course of next two decades, including Australia in 1902, Finland in 1906 and Norway in 1913. After decades of campaigning and protests, women's suffrage movement in United States finally paid off in 1919 when Congress passed 19 amendment to Constitution, which guaranteed women right to vote. Amendment Was Officially Ratified One Year Later. Meanwhile, United Kingdom is making gradual towards women's suffrage. After first law was introduced in 1918 giving women over 30 who meet property qualification right to vote, second one was later passed in 1928 granting women and men equal rights. It would take France, however, 16 years to catch up. Since then, role of women French politics has grown slowly. In 1993, only 5. 7 percent of seats in French Parliament were occupied by women-barely more than that after end of World War II. Lack Of Women In Politics Prompted France To Pass Law In 2000 Requiring Political Parties To Present Equal Number Of Men And Women On Voting Lists, Making It First Country To Do So. Although things have improved in recent men still heavily dominate French politics. Seventy-three percent of National Assembly is comprised of men, while Senate is 78 percent men.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Foundation

UFSF was founded by group of feminists who had attended national congress of French feminists in Paris in 1908. Most of them were bourgeois or intellectual backgrounds. Leaders Were Jane Misme, Editor Of La FranAaise, And Jeanne Schmahl. UFSF provides less militant and more widely acceptable alternative to Suffrage des femmes organization of Hubertine Auclert. Sole Objective, As Published In La FranAaise Early In 1909, Was To Obtain Women's Suffrage Through Legal Approaches. Founding Meeting Of 300 Women Was Held In February 1909. CAcile Brunschvicg was made secretary-general. She was wife of philosopher LAon Brunschvicg. Eliska Vincent accepted position of honorary vice-president. UFSF was formally recognized by International Woman Suffrage Alliance congress in London in April 1909 as representing French Suffrage movement.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Before World War I

UFSF expanded quickly as Brunschwicg provinces lecturing on feminism, and feminist school teachers organized local chapters. Sarah Monod, dignified president of National Council of French Women, became member. Jeanne Melin, member of French Section of Workers' International, joined UFSF. Louise Bodin, later to become prominent in French Communist Party, was among founders in March 1913 of local UFSF group in Ille-et-Vilaine. By 1914, there were 12 000 members 75 French departments. UFSF Strategy Includes Collaboration With Parliamentary Representatives Who Support Women's Suffrage Such As Ferdinand Buisson, And Gradual Process Of Enfranchisement That Would Start With Votes In Local Elections. Universal male was granted in 1848. In February 1914, extension of 1848 Act to Women was introduced in Chamber of Deputies, but did not pass. In April 1914, UFSF was involved in plebiscite organized by Marguerite de Witt-Schlumberger with ballot boxes placed in newsstands and other public places. 505 972 ballots check want to vote and 114 were negative. UFSF was generally against militant demonstrations, although it did participate in 6 000-strong condorcet Demonstration. This was organized in Paris on 5 July 1914 by journalist Severine, weeks before outbreak of World War I.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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