Advanced searches left 3/3
Search only database of 8 mil and more summaries

Ft Coronavirus Chart

Summarized by PlexPage
Last Updated: 02 July 2021

* If you want to update the article please login/register

General | Latest Info

Ft Coronavirus Chart

Twitter@jburnmurdoch

Excess mortality is a term used in epidemiology and Public Health that refers to the number of deaths from all causes during a crisis above and beyond what we would expect to see under normal conditions. 1 in this case, were interested in how deaths during COVID - 19 pandemic compare to the average number of deaths over the same period in previous years. Excess mortality is a more comprehensive measure of the total impact of pandemic on deaths than the confirmed COVID - 19 Death count alone. In addition to confirmed deaths, excess mortality capture COVID - 19 deaths that were not correctly diagnosed and reported 2 as well as deaths from other causes that are attributable to overall crisis conditions. 3 excess mortality can be measured in several ways. The simplest way is to take the raw number of deaths observed in give period in 2020 - say Week 10, which ends on 8 March 4 - and subtract the average number of deaths in that week over previous years, for example, last five. While the raw number of deaths helps give the US a rough sense of scale, this measure has its limitations, including being less comparable across countries due to large differences in populations. The measure that is more comparable across countries is P - score, which calculates excess mortality as the percentage difference between the number of weekly deaths in 2020 and the average number of deaths in the same week over the previous five years. For example, if a country had a P - score of 100% in give week in 2020, that would mean the death count for that week was 100% higher than - that is, double - average death count in the same week over the previous five years. While P - score is a useful measure, it too has limitations. For example, five - year average death count might be a relatively crude measure of normal deaths because it does not account for trends in population size or mortality. For more in - depth discussion of limitations and strengths of different measures of excess mortality, see our article with John Muellbauer and Janine Aron. The chart here shows excess mortality during the pandemic for all ages using P - score. 5 You can see that some countries - such as England & Wales 6 and Spain - suffer high levels of excess mortality, while others - such as Germany and Norway - experience much more modest increases in mortality. To see P - scores for other countries, click Add country on the chart. It is important to note that because P - scores in this chart combine all ages, they are impacted by differences in mortality risk by age and countries ' age distributions. For example, countries with older populations - which have higher mortality risk, including from COVID - 19 - will tend to have higher all - age P - scores by default. When comparing countries, it is informative to look at P - scores for different age groups. The chart here shows P - scores broken down by two broad age groups: ages 15 - 64, which contain most of the working age population, and age 85 +, which has the highest mortality risk.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Cases or deaths

Coronavirus COVID - 19 is affecting 215 countries and territories around the world and 2 international conveyances. The day is reset after midnight GMT + 0. List of countries and territories and their continental regional classification is based on United Nations Geoscheme. Sources are provided under latest Updates.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Logarithmic or linear scales

The vertical axis of our charts is shown using logarithmic scale, where the same distance on scale represents multiplying or dividing by the same amount, instead of adding or subtracting the same amount as is the case with linear scale. Log scales are particularly suited to displaying trends in relative rates of change, like viruses spreading. By comparing slopes of two lines, log scale allows the US to compare epidemics at a very early stage with those that are much more advanced, even though they have very different absolute numbers of cases or deaths. On the log scale, epidemic looks like a steep diagonal line that flattens towards horizontal line as its rate of growth slows. On more familiar linear scale, same data looks like a hockey stick shooting upwards, which gives a better sense of the overall size of each countrys epidemic.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Adjusting for population

Unusually for cross - national data, adjusting for population is strictly necessary when analysing the speed at which virus spreads. Viruses dont respect borders, and the rate at which they spread is not affected by the overall population of the affected country. Population matters least in the early stages of an epidemic because cases are likely to be highly concentrated in particular regions like Hubei or Lombardy. Later, though, viewing values per million people give a sense of pandemic relative strain on countries ' resources. Switching to per million view wo alter the shape of each country's curve, but will reorder them relative to one another. Adjust for population, small countries with broad definitions for what cases or deaths to include in their data will look particularly badly affect, while epidemics concentrate in parts of very populous countries look surprisingly small. Try changing this setting while comparing Belgium to the US or China. We hide countries with populations under 80 000 to avoid distorting scale of population - adjust charts. You can still search for them, though: Try looking at San Marino and Andorra; both European microstates have large proportions of their population affect.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Has your countrys epidemic peaked?

This FT interactive tool allows you to explore data about pandemics to better understand diseases ' spread and trajectory in countries around the world, and in US states. Global coronavirus cases and deaths have climbed again since the beginning of June. The centre of the pandemic has shifted to Latin America with Panama, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia currently reporting the greatest number of daily deaths as share of population. Large emerging market countries such as Brazil, Russia, Mexico, India and South Africa are all showing fatalities on upward trend. New confirmed cases have also been increasing in the US, particularly in southern and western states such as Florida, Texas, Arizona and California, and there are indications of a resurgence of cases in several EU countries.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Exiting lockdowns

Italy, Spain and Austria have allowed partial returns to work as countries across Europe report further falls in New Covid - 19 cases and begin taking their first cautious steps out of lockdown to revive battered economies. With the number of coronavirus infections nearing 2m globally, International Monetary Fund said on Tuesday IT expect global economy to shrink by 3. 0% in 2020 - with rich western economies set to contract by 6. 1% - in the steepest downturn since the Great Depression of 1930s. Workers in Spain returned to some factory and construction jobs as the health ministry said that while the country's death toll had surpassed 18 000, highest in Europe after Italy, its daily increase in new cases was the lowest since 17 March. Most shops and services remain closed, however, and office staff must still work from home if they can. Salvador Illa, Health minister, said he would proceed with utmost caution and prudence and always based on scientific evidence. Bookshops, laundry stationers and childrens clothes stores reopened on a trial basis in some regions of Italy, where the death toll passed 21 000 on Tuesday but new confirmed infections were the lowest since 13 March and the number of critically ill patients dropped for 11 days in a row. Forestry industry workers have been allowed to return to work, as well as factories making computers and IT equipment, as the country eases its way towards phase two of the crisis, due to begin after the current lockdown ends on 4 May. Austria, which has a record total of 384 deaths with 14 000 confirmed cases, also begun loosening restrictions, allowing public parks, small shops and DIY and gardening supply stores to reopen. If the outbreak remains under control, all stores should reopen on 2 May and restaurants in mid - May. Customers must wear masks and observe strict distancing rules, with only one person for every every 20 sq metres of retail space. The Chancellor, Sebastian Kurz, said the country was on the right track and thanked citizens for their discipline. We are now taking the first steps back to a new normality, he say. But the crisis is far from over. Denmark, one of the first EU countries to shut down, will reopen daycare centres and primary schools on Wednesday, allowing many parents to return to work. But restaurants and cafes will remain closed, and gatherings of more than 10 people are banned until at least 10 May, while larger gatherings may be allowed from August. The World Health Organization say that while the number of new cases was easing in some parts of Europe, outbreaks continue to grow in the UK and Turkey. Globally, 90% of cases were coming from Europe and the US, spokeswoman Margaret Harris said on Tuesday. So we are certainly not seeing peak yet, she say. The European commission urged EU states to develop a uniform exit strategy that was well coordinated between member states, to avoid negative spillover effects, saying that failure to do so could result in new spikes in epidemic.S

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Citation

Ask about his learning from the crisis so far, Burn - Murdoch joke: Work - life balance, adding: related, but the more serious answer, is just handling the volume of feedback. Such was the strength of feeling about FTs charts, Burn - Murdoch began receiving hundreds of messages per day after he asked for feedback. He has now set up a specific email address to share with two other journalists to share load and ensure any useful tips can be taken on board. For his part, Joiner warns that newsrooms need to make use of specialists and take care with their graphics as there is real importance and responsibility with this story. Visuals you create have real impact, life of their own, can be shared really widely, he say. So you have to get things right. And rushing to do things quickly doesnt mean that youve do them in the right way. He says this means it is massively important to ensure newsrooms have people with necessary skills, including cartographers, designers, data journalists and visualisation specialists. Without that, you ca tell these stories in a way that your readers need.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The reopening dilemma

As spring became summer, infection rates fell across Europe, and governments began easing restrictions in hope that normal life could resume with the virus in remission. But early optimism gave way to alarm because, in one country after another, increase socialising was followed by an uptick in cases. Autumn's second wave has been much more muted than the towering peaks of spring, but the uptick in cases is nonetheless feeding through into hospital admissions and deaths. One of hopes in some quarters had been that herd immunity could provide some protection, with places hard - hit in spring shelter from the worst of any resurgence in viruses due to increased antibody levels. Unfortunately, that has proven not to be the case so far, with many centres of outbreak in spring also suffering worst in autumn, both at country and national region level. Spain, France and the UK were all among the worst - affected countries in Europe in April, and in September things look no different. Similarly, Paris and Madrid have been badly hit both in spring and autumn. Yet for all patterns that appear in the data, resurgence also demonstrates the outsized role seemingly played by random chance in the story of COVID - 19. When Italy avoids second wave in late summer, many point to its high levels of mask - wearing as contributory factor. And indeed, only one country has higher levels of mask - wearing than Italy. That country's identity? Spain, home to the worst second wave of continent. But there is room for hope as the world attempts to stave off the bitter COVID - 19 winter. Mortality rates from viruses have fallen over the course of the year as healthcare expertise and technology have improve. In March, somebody aged 70 or above had a 50: 50 chance of survival if admitted to hospital with the virus. By August, their chances had climbed to 74 per cent.


September 2020

The Union representing New York City's principals and other top School Administrators delivered no confidence vote for Mayor Bill de Blasio and Chancellor Carranza days before the majority of students opting for in - person learning were set to return to schools. Alongside its vote, union want control over New York City schools to be under the purview of the State. Csa calls on Mayor de Blasio to cede mayoral control of the Department of Education for the remainder of this health crisis and for Mayor de Blasio and Chancellor Carranza to seek immediate intervention of New York State Education Department, Council of School Supervisors & Administrators wrote Sunday. The vote came a day after the union blasted de Blasio over an agreement announced late Friday that allows educators to work remotely if they live with family vulnerable to coronavirus. It was not immediately clear how this allowance would impact New York City schools already hurt by staffing shortages. The agreement made with teachers came four days before elementary schools reopen Tuesday. I think parents should be confident that any student that arrives at building will receive utmost care, Mark Cannizzaro, President of the principals union, said on a conference call Sunday afternoon. Come Tuesday, he say, principals will still be at schools alongside teaching staff and supervisors. Among the union's top concerns, Cannizzaro say, are decisions made by City leadership too close to the reopening of school buildings and without notification prior to Schools Administrators. Cannizzaro said principals were forced to make further last - minute changes over the weekend after receiving no prior information about the deal made with United Federal of Teachers. Last - minute scramble to fill schools has prompted some to change their plans. On Saturday, Tottenville High School on Staten Island announced an entirely virtual plan to accommodate students. Principal Battista said students will still be welcome into school this week, but all learning will be done virtually with staff providing supervision to those attending in person. For the past six months, we 've worked with our labor partners to navigate completely uncharted waters and accomplish our shared goal of serving students this fall. We 'll continue this work to guarantee safety, health and successful open for all. This week, more kids will be safely sitting in New York City classrooms than in any other major American City - testament to City leadership and our educators ' commitment to their students, and the importance of in - person Education, DOE Press Secretary Miranda Barbot said in a statement Sunday afternoon. As of last week, 46 percent of New York City students have chosen all - remote, up from 42 percent the week prior. Return to schools last week went forward without too many hiccups, but pre - kindergarten and special Education students that return make up a fraction of nearly half a million heading back later this week.


August 2020

Andrew Cuomo gave the green light to reopen New York's 750 school districts in person this fall - a data - driven decision that mirrors the threshold - base call he made on phased economic reopenings for the State's 10 regions. But this decision is different. Cuomo says it's ultimately not up to him. Parents have to be included and believe the plan makes sense. Teachers have to be included and believe the plan makes sense. They are ultimate determination, Cuomo said this week. If the teacher doesn't show up, you can't open class. If a parent doesn't send their children, there's no children to educate. The state still has to sign off on each of New York's 749 school districts ' individual plans. If it doesn n't, those districts wo reopen in September. Of those 749 districts, 127 have yet to submit plans for the 2020 - 21 school year, Cuomo say. Of ones that have, about 50 have been deemed insufficient. The State Department of Health will review individual plans over the weekend and notify districts where it finds them incomplete, he say. The governor's decision on reopening school districts relies solely on the seven - day rolling average positive test rate for the region where each is locate. The threshold for initial clearance he gave Friday was 5 percent. If positivity rates tick above 9 percent in give region going forward, district - and all schools within it - will have to close. New York's statewide seven - day average has consistently been at 1 percent for month. So too has New York City's. That say, Cuomo says there's more to schools equation than viral transmission rate. All he does is set the floor. Parents and teachers make calls - and many have serious concerns about whether school plans work for them. Certain protocols are required statewide. Every person in school must wear a mask when social distancing isn't possible, for example. Daily temperature checks are another component. The governor also wants each of five major school districts, including New York City, home to the largest public school district in the Nation with more than 1. 1 million students, to hold at least five online parent information sessions by Aug. 21. He wants at least one set up to focus on teachers as well - because without buy - in from these stakeholders, he says Reopening is irrelevant. In New Jersey, hundreds of teachers have said they won't return to work over coronavirus concerns. Gov. Phil Murphy has laid out his framework for reopening schools in his state; he has also put forth a fully remote option for parents. Parents in New York City also have the option to choose full remote learning; they 'll be able to opt back into in - person instruction at certain times over the year. The deadline for full remote opt - in was Friday. De Blasio said he expected the city would provide an update on the number of those enrollees early next week.


July 2020

Putnam County Department of Health, part of New York's Mid - Hudson Region, is warning people about potential COVID exposure in local supermarket this month, officials confirmed Thursday. It's County's first health alert related to COVID positive person in public space to date. Anyone who was in TOPS Friendly Markets in Carmel on July 2 between 5: 30 am and 10: 30 am or July 5 between 5: 30 am and 8 am may have been expose, officials say. Anyone with questions can call Putnam County Department of Health at 845 - 808 - 1390; those who fear they may have been exposed should call their healthcare providers. Putnam County only reported four new COVID cases overnight, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Thursday, bringing the total number of diagnosed cases to 1 348. That's fraction of nearly 400 000 confirmed COVID cases statewide to date. The county has confirmed 63 virus deaths to date, just two - tenths of a percent of New York's total. It's one of seven counties in the Mid - Hudson Region, which entered Phase IV of Cuomo's reopening plan this week. Phase IV allows for low - risk outdoor and indoor venues to open like museums, aquariums and zoos. It also raises the cap on social gatherings to 50. As of Friday, malls will also be allowed to open in Phase IV regions, Cuomo say, though they must meet certain air filtration standards. Meanwhile, in New Jersey, state officials announced 354 new positive Coronavirus test results Thursday, pushing the statewide total to 174 270. Another confirmed 28 COVID - 19 - related deaths, bringing the total to 15 448 confirmed and probable Coronavirus deaths. To date, Connecticut has reported 47 209 cases and 4 348 COVID - 19 - related deaths.


June 2020

Professional baseball teams will return to the Empire State for spring training, Gov. Andrew Cuomo announcement The return of the Yankees and Mets came after players of Philadelphia tested positive for coronavirus. It's another sign of New York returning to normal as more options reopen. Elsewhere in the sports world, New York favorite Tiz Law won the 2020 Belmont Stakes in front of a few hundred onlookers. The Tri - State Region continues to set itself apart from other States that have seen spikes in infection rates in recent weeks. New York reported another 716 positive cases of the virus Saturday. New York added 24 names to the statewide death toll, bringing the combined tri - State toll to 24 710. New Jersey families with loved ones in nursing homes can begin seeing one another again amid the COVID - 19 outbreak, State Health Commissioner said Friday. Commissioner Judy Persichilli said reunions could begin to take place on Father's Day, but facilities must adhere to several requirements. Those include that reunions must take place in designated outdoor areas, masked staff members must also be in attendance and residents and family must sign consent form acknowledging that possible exposure to coronavirus can occur.


April 2020

Andrew Cuomo said during his daily COVID - 19 press briefing that total cases in New York reach 130 689. The State has seen 4 758 deaths to date. Cuomo aides also share a glimpse of hope, saying the state may have reached the apex of coronavirus cases. However, Cuomo ordered schools and non - Essential businesses to be close until April 29 and announced he is increasing the maximum fine for those who do not comply with social distancing measures to 1 000. There is also a real danger of getting overconfident too quickly. This is an enemy that we have underestimated from day one and we have paid the price dearly, he say, adding that now is not the time to be lax. In City, Queens, still had the most cases with more than 23 000. Brooklyn had 19 702, along with 14 357 in the Bronx; 10 440 in Manhattan; and 4 579 on Staten Island. Meanwhile, in New Jersey, state cases have reached 41 090. The death toll stands at 1 003 - this includes the death of Jersey City Councilman Michael Yun. According to Gov. Phil Murphy, State curve is beginning to flatten. He said that, according to projections, best case scenario is 86 000 total infections with the peak taking place on April 19. Connecticut has also seen an increase in cases. To date, state has seen 6 906 cases and 206 deaths.


March 2020

Cuomo announced New York State cases had risen to 729, including nearly 70 new cases since the night before. He also added a third coronavirus - related death in the State, bringing tri - State total fatalities to five. The 79 - year - old woman, who died at an unspecified New York City Hospital on Sunday, had multiple major underlying health issues before contracting the novel coronavirus, Cuomo say. Among New New York cases: Long Island Rail Road employee, MTA say. The employee, who was last at work on March 7, is a sheet metal worker who does not work on trains or interact directly with customers. The worker IS in quarantine and his workplace has been disinfected multiple times, agency said in a statement. Gov. Phil Murphy, meanwhile, announced 31 new positive test results since Saturday, bringing the State's total to 98, while saying extended shutdown of the State's schools was inevitable. The city of Hoboken confirmed another two COVID - 19 cases Sunday: man in his 30s and another man in his 40s. Both individuals are in self - isolation at home and are expected to fully recover, Mayor's office say. Jersey City also announced a new case - an 80 - year - old man who IS in isolation. Additions bring the presumptive positive total in New Jersey to 98; Connecticut has 20 positive tests.


October 16, 2020

New York City will start handing out hefty fines Friday as the city and state step up enforcement of new COVID restrictions amid months - long highs in total hospitalizations that have followed soaring infection rates in some areas. Penalties of up to 15 000 days apply for violations of mass gathering rules; in red cluster areas, those are banned entirely. Twenty - five percent capacity or a maximum of 10 people caps apply to houses of worship, while schools switched to all - remote and nonessential businesses have been shut down. Fines of up to 1 000 days accompany social distancing and mask - wearing infractions - and Mayor Bill de Blasio has warned people who don't adhere to rules will face consequences. Orange and red cluster zone areas see varying restrictions, though schools are only allowed to stay in person, with mandatory weekly testing, within latter. New restrictions are in place for at least two weeks; they won't be lifted until the infection rate trend reverts to numbers New York has seen this summer. The State will take the lead on enforcement in hotspot areas, Gov. Andrew Cuomo say. Sources familiar with States enforcement plans told News 4 Friday those plans involve sending two - to - three person teams to targeted ZIP codes, where they 'll assess compliance in malls, supermarkets, parks and other areas. They 'll issue citations to those repeatedly violating rules. The announcement of cluster zones earlier this week prompted severe protests, mainly from heavily affected religious communities who criticize renewed restrictions on houses of worship. Cuomo has said rules aren't targeted against any particular community but were devised based on science and data. They apply to areas that have, in his view, violated the COVID protocol that allows clusters to form - and grow - in the first place. Cuomo's office said Friday evening a federal judge denied an injunction to halt the state's restrictions on houses of worship in the state's red zones. Religious gatherings are limited to 25 percent capacity - 10 people maximum - in red zones. A prominent Orthodox Jewish organization based out of Queens and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn announced separate lawsuits Thursday to halt restrictions on religious gatherings put in place by the state of New York, just as a third day of protests over new lockdown orders got underway in Brooklyn. People younger than age 25 fuel COVID - 19 surges across the US over summer that ultimately lead to higher positivity rates among older, more vulnerable groups, New Centers for Disease Control report find. Notably, their impact was marginal in the Northeast, which had record - low infection rates at the time. A report released Friday analyzed US hotspot counties by region to determine whether specific age groups were driving increases. Cdc looked at positivity rates by age group in 767 hotspot counties during June and July 2020 - both before and after counties were identified as viral hotspots.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Endgame?

Physical distancing is an important part of measures to control covid - 19, but exactly how far away and for how long contact is safe in different contexts is unclear. Rules that stipulate single specific physical distance between individuals to reduce transmission of SARS - CoV - 2, virus causing covid - 19, are based on outdated, dichotomous notions of respiratory droplet size. This overlooks physics of respiratory emissions, where droplets of all sizes are trapped and moved by exhaled moist and hot turbulent gas cloud that keeps them concentrating as it carries them over metres in a few seconds. 1 2 After clouds slow sufficiently, ventilation, specific patterns of airflow, and type of activity become important. Viral load of emitter, duration of exposure, and susceptibility of an individual to infection are also important. Instead of single, fixed physical distance rules, we propose graded recommendations that better reflect multiple factors that combine to determine risk. This would provide greater protection in highest risk settings but also greater freedom in lower risk settings, potentially enabling a return towards normality in some aspects of social and economic life. Risk Of SARS - CoV - 2 transmission from asymptomatic people in different settings and for different occupation times, venting, and crowding levels. Face covering refers to those for the general population and not high grade respirators. Grades are indicative of qualitative relative risk and do not represent quantitative measure. Other factors not present in these tables may also need to be taken into account when considering transmission risk, including viral load of infected person and people's susceptibility to infection. Coughing or sneezing, even if these are due to irritation or allergies while asymptomatic, would exacerbate the risk of exposure across indoor space, regardless of ventilation

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

logo

Plex.page is an Online Knowledge, where all the summaries are written by a machine. We aim to collect all the knowledge the World Wide Web has to offer.

Partners:
Nvidia inception logo

© All rights reserved
2021 made by Algoritmi Vision Inc.

If you believe that any of the summaries on our website lead to misinformation, don't hesitate to contact us. We will immediately review it and remove the summaries if necessary.

If your domain is listed as one of the sources on any summary, you can consider participating in the "Online Knowledge" program, if you want to proceed, please follow these instructions to apply.
However, if you still want us to remove all links leading to your domain from Plex.page and never use your website as a source, please follow these instructions.