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Last Updated: 10 November 2020

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In the GI JOE sequel opening this weekend, original JOE is played by over 50-year-old Bruce Willis-other All-American Hero. In reality, nearly 50-year-old GI JOE was an 11 1 / 2-inch-tall plastic action figure produced by former pencil makers Hassenfeld Brothers, who the world would eventually come to know simply as Hasbro. In the late 1930s, Hassenfeld Brother-Henry, Hilal, Herman-expand their textile and school supply business to include toys. The movie proved lucrative and, by 1960, they had become one of America's largest Toy companies. But Hasbro's biggest hit came in 1964 with the release of GI JOE, world's first action figure. The original, prototype figure was invented by Don Levine, Vice President and Director of Marketing and Development at Hasbro. Levine was fascinated with the razor-razor blade model that made Mattels Barbie such a success and was determined to create a similar toy for boys. Today, we might call it a printer-print cartridge model; idea being that the initial Toy / razor / printer is just a means to get consumers to purchase additional accessories. While walking by art store one day, Levine noticed a wooden artists mannequin on window display and was struck with epiphany: when the figure hit the market in 1964, it was a runaway success. Within two years, GI JOE accounted for almost 66 percent of Hasbro profits. Key characteristics driving its popularity were 19 points of articulation and high-quality assembly. According to the Hassenfeld Brothers patent, it was their aim to create a toy figure or doll having movable joints that closely simulate movable portions of human anatomy. That was probably the first and last time a figure was ever referred to as a doll. Companies strictly prohibit term and refuse to sell their action figure to any retailer that uses it. Patented designs also place a premium on safety, durability and cost-effective manufacturing. It was important, for example, that no metal springs were used in assembly and that different heads could be used on the same figure-thereby creating product variability while keeping manufacturing costs low. Hasbro simultaneously produced four figures to represent four branches of the American armed forces: Rocky, Movable Fighting Man represent Army, Skip for Navy, Ace Fighter Pilot was obviously a proud member of the Air Force, and Rocky, apparently serving double duty, was also a Marine. Each figure comes with basic fatigues, boots, cap and dog tag, while packaging entices children with images of other uniforms and accessories. GI JOE moniker was created to encompass the entire brand. The name GI JOE was inspired by a 1945 film about war correspondent Ernie Pyle, titled Story of GI JOE. The name was perfect, Levine remembers, because Government Issue JOE was real everyman title. Of course, with the popularity of Hasbro action figures come Man imitators.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Joseph Allen

Will you ever again step onto crowded elevator without hesitation? Reach for the doorknob without concern? Easing social distancing restrictions might reopen businesses, but as long as memories of the COVID-19 lockdowns are still fresh in people's minds, experience of being inside the Office Building most likely will not return to normal. Even before the pandemic struck, there were plenty of reasons to be concerned about air quality and ventilation in buildings where we live and work. After all, healthier indoor environments do just keep US from getting sickthey, also enhance cognitive performance. To convey to managers benefits of the Healthy Building movement, John D. Macomber, senior lecturer at Harvard Business School, recently wrote a book about it: Healthy Buildings: How Indoor Spaces Drive Performance and Productivity, to be published April 21. Although facility managers might think theyre saving a few dollars on electricity and air filters, there's just no reason anymore to economize on airflow and filtration, Macomber say. That just doesn't make any sense. It's cheap way to help people be healthier. Together with co-author Joseph G. Allen, professor at Harvards Chan School of Public Health, Macomber explored nine foundations for Healthy Building and studies how simple tweaks to increase air flow and quality can have dramatic effects on workers. But economic benefits do stop there. Macomber expect that growing public focus on health measures will drive major changes across a variety of industries, but especially in travel and hospitality. Increasingly, Macomber postulate, savvy business leaders and landlords will begin to leverage Healthier Indoor Spaces as recruitment tools and sources of competitive advantage. Anxieties over COVID-19 are likely to accelerate these trends, he say. I think awareness is heighten, and in this economy there'll be a drop in demand for space, both for apartments and offices, he say. With those two things together, I think that offices with premier health stories will get premium rent and get tenants, and offices with lagging health stories will lag. Many elite companies already use their buildings ' efficiency or grandeur to send signal to customers and workforce talent. As result of the global pandemic, Macomber expect emphasis on indoor air quality and other Healthy Building measures will diffuse through rest of the economy. As countries begin to return to work, concerns about the spread of infectious disease will make it easier than ever to invest in the basics of a healthy building, notably around ventilation, air quality, water, moisture, and security, say Macomber. Those aren't expensive to begin with. So, I think those will propagate through pretty quickly, and theyll be must-haves, because the cost is not relatively very high, and the benefits are extremely high. As anyone who has ever felt sleepy on a stuffy airplane can attest, poor ventilation impedes cognition.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

THE ORIGINS OF A HERO

Table2

Total Lines, All Seasons19821983198419851986
200+Cobra Commander (80) Scarlett (54)Destro (66) Duke (60) Gung-Ho (60)Baroness (46) Roadblock (58) Zartan (45)Alpine (38) Dusty (30) Flint (62) Lady Jaye (65) Shipwreck (50) Tomax and Xamot (35)Beach Head (27) Dr. Mindbender (30) Hawk (26) Leatherneck (23) Lifeline (27) Serpentor (25) Sgt. Slaughter (13) Wet-Suit (23)
100-199Breaker (38) Cobra Troopers(69)Ace (30) Cover Girl (36) Major Bludd (25) Wild Bill (43)Buzzer (49) Mutt (31) Spirit (26) Torch (48)Barbecue (22) Bazooka (32) Footloose (22) Polly (24) Quick Kick (26)Dial-Tone (27) Low-Light (25) Mainframe (25) Slip-Stream (16) Strato-Viper (15) Zarana (20)
50-99Clutch (19) Cobra Officers (38)Doc (23) Snow Job (20) Torpedo (13)Deep Six (17) Recondo (23) Ripper (46) Storm Shadow (16)Airtight (17) Crimson Guard (40)Cross-Country (16) Iceberg (14) Lift-Ticket (21) Sci-Fi (17)
25-49Grunt (14) Rock 'n Roll (26) Stalker (23) Steeler (13)Airborne (15) Tripwire (10)Cutter (19) Firefly (13) Rip Cord (21) Scrap-Iron (12) Thunder (17) Wild Weasel (10)Tele-Viper (21)Monkeywrench (16) Viper (24)
13-24Flash (9) Short-Fuze (13) Zap (14)Blowtorch (14)Snow Serpent (12)A.V.A.C. (6) Motor Viper (15) Thrasher (13) Zandar (13)
4-12Copperhead (3)Eel (13) Frostbite (5) Heavy Metal (6) Tollbooth (5)
silentGrand Slam (0) Snake Eyes (44)H.I.S.S. Driver (3) Viper Pilot (1)Crankcase (3) Lamprey (1)B.A.T. (21)

Picking up where Real American Hero and Revenge of Cobra left off, 1985 series followed the same premise: GI Joe is an elite Counter-Terrorist Unit formed to combat the threat of the evil Cobra Organization. Plots generally focus on the Cobra plot or invention of week, and the Joes' efforts to stop the plan. 1986 Season introduces new leader for Cobra, Serpentor. Also brought to light was the leader of GI Joe, Hawk, who commands Joes in the Marvel Comics series, but had been conspicuously absent in animated series prior to 1986.

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An Uphill Battle

More masks, more tests, more scientists: Joe Bidens ' victory in the presidential election will flip United States coronavirus pandemic response to what doctors and scientists hope will be a long-overdue, full-throated, nationally coordinated effort that will save lives. But the President-elect is being handed an unprecedented health crisis with no easy fixes. On his predecessors watch, coronavirus infected upwards of 9 million Americans and killed more than 237 000. Access to vaccine is likely months away. Public confidence in federal health agencies has erode. Cases, hospitalizations, and deaths are surging across the country, more than two months before Biden will takes office. But with new cases now exceeding 100 per day, Biden will face a series of immense challenges following his inauguration. The country is behind eight ball right now because everything has been so messy, says Nicole Lurie, former HHS official at Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations. The challenge in this whole tragedy will be helping people understand that their individual behavior helps coronavirus cases and with economic recovery, she add. They go together. Esther Choo, emergency physician and professor at Oregon Health and Science University, says administration goal should be to retool conversations so that it is not conversation about what one party believes or other party believe, but is focus on data in way that it has always been in previous pandemics. As people head indoors for winter during the remaining two months of Trumps tenure, death toll in the US could reach 405 000 by Feb. 1, according to pandemic modeler Ali Mokdad of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at University of Washington. The public needs to be more vigilant to take care of our loved ones, Mokdad said in a recent briefing held by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. The US is languishing in this pandemic because of failed, and sometimes completely absent, federal response, pediatrician Rhea Boyd said by email. There is no escaping that fact, especially as we watch other nations, some with comparable resources to ours and some with less, successfully navigate their way through this international crisis with far fewer cases and deaths. And getting vaccine to everyone who needs one will be an enormous challenge. When vaccines begin rolling out, they will need to conquer logistical hurdles, such as national distribution and low-temperature storage requirements. During the campaign, Trump took shots at Biden for how he handled the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic as Vice President. Only around 23 % of adults end up getting the H1N1 flu vaccine, serving as a cautionary tale. As public trust in coronavirus vaccine plummeted this summer, convincing people to get their shot and, in the case of two-shot vaccines, to come back for their second dose will be difficult. There are some hardcore people who dont want vaccine, say Ezekiel Emanuel, Health adviser to the Biden campaign and former adviser to the Obama administration.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Two-Week Notice

Then, in 1981, after yet another failed attempt to get Blast Off Off ground, Prupis was told that he had one more shot with Joe, or else he needed to move on to other ideas. Prupis will be giving two weeks with Griffin-Bacal, marketing firm that manages Hasbro advertising, to see if he could come up with something to get kids excited about GI Joe again. Prupis pull together team, including Kirk Bozigian from marketing and toy designers Ron Rudat and Greg Bernstein, to brainstorm product and promotional ideas. Although they came up with a lot of fun concepts, they faced big marketing stumbling blockthere. Was no GI Joe movie to tie into like Kenner had with Star Wars. Instead, it was suggested that comic book might work just as well.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Marvel-ous Assist

Night Transformers save Christmas was a four-page comic special published in Woman's Day Magazine. There were no credits, but it was obviously a Marvel Comics production. Inside cover infobox in Marvel UK 330 reveal that there were plans for UK Transformers comic to continue after 332, albeit with format change. The book was intended to be monthly with issue 333, and would feature ten pages of recolored Transformers reprints, ten pages of GI Joe, and a new five-page story per issue. However, by publication of issue 332, Marvel UK evidently dropped this planalthough news did not reach Combat Colin in time. According to the third issue of All-New Official Handbook of Marvel Universe-Z' s entries on Death's Head, events of Marvel UK Generation 1 Comics take place on Marvel Earth-120185. Universe is named after the publication date of the first Marvel UK-exclusive story, Man of Iron. According to the Marvel Universe Appendix, events of Marvel US Comics take place on Marvel Earth-91274.

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Fury Force

After seeing the GI Joe concept, Marvel Editor-in-Chief Jim Shooter realized it was similar to something that writer / artist Larry Hama had been developing, called Fury Force. Fury Force was a series starring Son of Marvels spy extraordinaire Nick Fury as leader of a seven-member paramilitary strike team. Hama had drawn character designs and basic biographies, but the series hadnt been picked up by Marvel, so he set it aside. But instead of letting Hamas hard work collect dust, Shooter suggest adapting his ideas to fit GI Joe instead. And just like that, Hama was in charge of comic book series that would one day define his career.

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Blast Off Blasts Off

When Anna-Sophia Boguraev was 4 years old, she decided she wanted to go into Space. Now 17, Anna-Sophia has just taken one giant leap toward her childhood dream: NASA launching her research project into Space this April. It flies aboard a Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station, research laboratory orbiting Earth. A few days after that, astronaut on the ISS carried out her experimentaone that will help scientists learn more about how space travel affects the human body. More than 300 middle and high school students entered the first-ever Genes in Space contestabut only Anna-Sophiaas project was select. The contest aims to promote better understanding of how to keep astronauts healthy as they explore the solar system. When Anna-Sophia Boguraev was 4 years old, she decided she wanted to go into Space. Now sheas 17, and sheas just taking one giant leap toward her childhood dream. NASA send her research project into Space this April. Falcon 9 rocket carry it to the International Space Station, research laboratory that travels around Earth. A few days later, astronaut on the ISS carried out her experiment. It will help scientists learn more about how space travel affects the human body. More than 300 middle and high school students entered the first-ever Genes in Space Contest. But Anna-Sophiaas project was the only one chosen. Contestas goal: Learn how to keep astronauts healthy as they explore the solar system. In space, astronauts experience microgravity agravity much weaker than that on Earth. They might also be exposed to higher levels of radiation high particles or raysasince theyare no longer protected by Earthas atmosphere. And they have to endure stressful spaceflight. All of these things may affect astronautsas health. AWhen I was younger, I learnt that astronauts get sick a lot when they go to Space, much more often than the average person on Earth, say Anna-Sophia. ATheir immune system gets weaker. In space, astronauts experience microgravity. Itas much weaker than gravity on Earth. They might also be exposed to higher levels of radiation. Thatas because the Earthas atmosphere isnat protecting them from these high-energy particles and rays. And they have to go through stressful spaceflight. All these things may affect their health. Anna-Sophia isnat alone in her quest to find out how space travel affects the human body. NASA scientists are studying a set of twins to learn more. This past March, astronaut Scott Kelly returned from a full year aboard the International Space Station. Away from Earthas gravity, his body stretches two inches, his muscles weaken, and his skin becomes very sensitive. Scientists are now studying Scott and his identical twin brother, Mark, retired astronaut who remained on Earth during Scottas mission. Pair share the same genes, so scientists think any difference in twinsa health can be attributed to their vastly different environments for year. Anna-Sophia began learning about space and the human body.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Flag Points

It is common for oceanographers to link data with aflagsa that indicate data quality. This scheme permits retention of original measurements, on the assumption that they still hold some value, while at the same time providing indications of problems. Using flags is superior to simply deleting suspicious data, or to changing record values to NA, because IT lets analysts try to recover from difficulty, perhaps by switching to another sensor, by reducing weights of individual data during averaging operations, etc. Another advantage of using flags over simply discarding bad data is that flags can be nuanced; egA distinguishing between unchecked data, data thought to be good, data that is suspected of being bad, data that is sure to be faulty, etc. Flags are sometimes determined by automated analysis of data. IT is common for analysts to use such tests as starting points for further processing that incorporates study of graphical displays, comparison with related measurements, etc. A frustrating aspect of oceanographic analysis is that different data archiving agencies employ different systems for flags. For Example, World Hydrographic Programme designates good bottle / CTD data with a flag value of 2, whereas World Ocean Database uses 0 for good data. Analysts must be aware of scheme used for particular dataset. It is also good to be on lookout for particular values in data, because oceanographers sometimes set suspicious values to non-physical values that are easy to recognize, egA-999-99. 99, or similar, and sometimes these coded values may contradict formal flags, when both are present. Although IT is possible to set and alter flags directly, IT is much better to use oce functions to do so, because they will not create dimensionality or name conflicts with data and they record their actions in objectas processingLog slot. Use initializeFlagScheme to establish mapping between Flag numerical value and Flag meaning. This step is not strictly necessary, but IT is useful because IT stores Flag scheme within objectas metadata slot, as a form of documentation. This step may be done only once for give object, because changing the flag scheme in the middle of processing invites errors. Use initializeFlags to set up space for Flag storage, and to initialize values. This may be done only once per data item. Use setFlags to assign individual Flag values to individual data. This may be used repeatedly for give object. Indeed, as illustrated later in this document, IT is common to call this function within loop that display graph, inviting user to click on Points to be Flag, then display new graph, etc. Note that some reading operations set up flags automatically, if data file already hold flags. For example, read. Argo can do this, because Argo data has a fix Flag scheme, and archive Argo data often comes with Flag values already insert.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Foreign Duty

GI Joe might have been a real American hero, but he was popular all over the world, with figures and vehicles available in countries as diverse as Japan, India, Brazil, Canada, Italy, China, and many more. There wasn't lot of continuity between American and foreign lines, as many toys had different codenames, file cards, paint schemes, and could even be on different sides in the battle between GI Joe and Cobra. For example, in Britain, where figures were called Action Force: International Heroes, Cobras black HISS Tank, was crimson Red Hyena, and was driven by repainted Destro, know as Red Jackal. In Spain, laser infantryman, Sci-Fi, was known as Sargento Laser, and Quick Kick was called Kung-Fu. Spain also had the most unique file cards, with translation errors that leave cards riddled with nonsensical phrases. It was an inside joke with Joe collector community that file cards were written correctly, but then the mischievous cleaning lady at Hasbro Iberia office would edit them overnight, so they would be messy before they were sent to the printer next morning. Some of the most sought-after foreign Joes were those manufactured in Argentina by the toy company Plastirama. Figures were made from inexpensive plastic, with even flimsier cardboard packaging, to point that very few examples still exist today. The initial seven figures, now known as Argen 7, are virtually impossible to come by. Needless to say, they fetch high prices on the collector's market. This Cobra Mortal figure, heavily repaint Snake Eyes, recently sold on eBay for 599. Packaging is even more rare, with a recent auction on eBay asking 5200 for a complete set of Argen 7 file cards.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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