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Government of New York City

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Government of New York City

Formation1665 ; 355 years ago ( 1665 )
City charterNew York City Charter
Websitenyc .gov
City-wide elected officials
Public AdvocateNew York City Public Advocate
ComptrollerNew York City Comptroller
Legislative branch
LegislatureNew York City Council
Meeting placeNew York City Hall
Executive branch
MayorNew York City Mayor
AppointerElection
HeadquartersNew York City Hall
FacebookNYCGov

The Government of New York City, headquarter at New York City Hall in Lower Manhattan, is organized under the New York City Charter and provides for a strong mayor-Council system. The mayor is elected to a four-year term and is responsible for administration of the city government. New York City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 members, each elected from a geographic district, normally for four-year terms. All elected officials are limited to two consecutive-term limit. The court system consists of two City courts and three State courts. The New York City government employs 325 000 people, more than any other City in the United States and more than any US State but three: California, Texas, and New York. The government is more centralized than that of most other US cities, with the city government being responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services. New York City's political geography is unique, consisting of five boroughs, each coterminous with one of five counties of New York State: Brooklyn is Kings County, Bronx is Bronx County, Manhattan is New York County, Queens is Queens County, and Staten Island is Richmond County. When New York City was consolidated into its present form in 1898, all previous town and county governments within it were abolished in favor of the present five boroughs and unified, centralized City government. However, each county retains its own district attorney to prosecute crimes, and most of the court system is organized around counties. Three main Public-Library systems represent the city's five boroughs, namely Brooklyn Public Library, New York Public Library, and Queen Public Library.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Executive branch

The legislative branch consists of a bicameral Legislature, a 62 member Senate and a 150 member Assembly that, together, represent 18 million citizens of the State. All members are elected for two-year terms. The Judicial branches comprise a range of courts with various jurisdictions. The State assumes cost for all but town and village courts. Judiciary functions under the Unified Court System whose organization, administration and financing are prescribed by the State Constitution and the Unified Court Budget Act. The Unified Court System has responsibility for peacefully and fairly resolving civil claims, family disputes, and criminal accusations, as well as providing legal protection for children, mentally-ill persons and others entitled to special protections. The executive branch of New York State government consists of a maximum of 20 departments, result of constitutional reforms from the 1920s that were designed to make State government more manageable. Current departments are: agriculture and Markets serve agricultural producers and consuming public. Promotes agriculture through various industry and export development programs; enforces food safety laws. Audit and Control maintains State accounts; pays States ' payrolls and bills; invests State funds; audits State agencies and local governments; and Administers State employee retirement System. Civil Service central personnel agency for the Executive branch of State government. Provide State of New York with a trained workforce; Administers health, dental and Insurance programs covering State employees and retirees as well as some local government employees; and provides technical Services to States 102 municipal Service agencies, covering approximately 392 000 local government employees. Correctional Services operate facilities for custody and rehabilitation of inmates. Economic Development Creates jobs and encourages economic prosperity by providing technical and financial assistance to businesses. Education supervises all educational institutions in the State, operates certain educational and cultural institutions, certifies teachers and certifies / licenses 44 other professions. Environmental Conservation Administers programs designed to protect and improve States ' natural resources. Executive At the time of 1920s constitutional reforms, Executive Department headed by the Governor had only a few core functions, such as budgeting, central purchasing, State police and military and naval Affairs. Since that time, numerous agencies have been created within the Executive Department to accommodate governmental functions not anticipated in the 1920s, while conforming with limits established by the Constitution. These additions include divisions and offices that do not logically fit into the framework of other departments, such as Division of Veterans Affairs and Office of General Services. Family Assistance Promotes greater self-sufficiency by providing support services for needy families and adults that lead to self-reliance. Financial Services supervise Financial products and Services, including those subject to provisions of Insurance Law, Banking Law and Financial Services Law. Health protects and promotes the health of New Yorkers through enforcement of public health and related laws, and assurance of quality health care delivery. Labor helps New York work by preparing individuals for jobs; administering unemployment Insurance, disability benefits and workers ' compensation; and ensuring workplace safety.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Legislative branch

Legislative power in the City of New York is vest in the New York City Council. The New York State Constitution empowers local governments to adopt local laws in addition to ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations. The council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 Council Members, whose districts are defined by geographic population boundaries that each contain approximately 157 000 people. Council Members are elected every four years, except that after every census held in years divisible by twenty, districts are redrawn, requiring two consecutive two-year terms, second of which is held in redrawn districts. The Speaker of Council, selected by 51 Council Members, is often considered the second most powerful post in New York City's government after the Mayor. Bills passed by simple Majority are sent to the Mayor, who may sign them into law. If the Mayor vetoes the bill, Council has 30 days to override veto by a two-thirds majority vote. Local law has a status equivalent with law enacted by the New York State Legislature, and is superior to older forms of municipal Legislation such as ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations. Codified local laws of New York City are contained in the New York City Administrative Code. The council has several committees with oversight of various functions of City government. Each Council member sits on at least three standing, select or subcommittees. Standing committees meet at least once per month. The Speaker of Council, Majority Leader, and Minority Leader are all ex officio members of every Committee. Prior to 1990, City also had a powerful Board of Estimate, unique legislative-executive hybrid. Although it could not pass laws, it shared authority for the City budget with the Council and controlled functions such as land use, municipal contracts, franchises, and water and sewer rates. The Board's membership consists of the Mayor, comptroller, president of the City Council, and five borough presidents. Three citywide officials each cast two votes, and borough presidents one each. In 1989, Supreme Court of the United States strike down the Board of Estimate as violating the principle of one man, one vote, due to dramatically unequal numbers of constituents being represented by each borough president. The City subsequently adopted its current arrangement by referendum.

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Borough and community government

Article IX of the New York Constitution, Municipal Home Rule Law, and the Statute of Local Governments provide a framework of powers granted by State to Local Governments. Local Governments include the Governments of Counties, cities, towns, and villages. County is New York State's primary political subdivision. In New York State, there are sixty-two counties. Within many of these countries are cities which have their own Local Governments. Five of these sixty-two Counties-Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens and Richmond-make up the City of New York and do not have their own County Governments. Many counties have adopted charters establishing a basic form of organization and administration of counties. Operations of those Local Governments without charters are governed by County Law in combination with Local and special Laws. The following are helpful online resources for more information about New York Local Governments: New York State Association of Counties strives to educate, train and provide research on public policy to Federal, State and Local officials and to membership on issues important to counties. Website links to policy and research on such issues. New York State Local Government Services provide links to useful websites relating to Local Governments in New York State. Local Governments must file certified copies of the Law locally and with the Secretary of State within twenty days of the Law's final adoption and / or approval in order for the Law to be effective. Local Laws have not been published by the Secretary of State as required by law in recent years. Each municipality is required to designate a newspaper of notice in which to publish its Local Laws. The State legislature created the City of New York as a Local Government in 1897. It is made up of five counties: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond. Although the City of New York is made up of different counties, these counties do not have self-governance powers. The City also comprises five political subdivisions called boroughs, each of which in coextensive with one county: Bronx: Bronx County; Brooklyn: Kings County; Manhattan: New York County; Queens: Queens County; Staten Island: Richmond County. The Home Rule Amendment of 1924 to the Constitution gives the City power to pass its own Local Laws. Before then, all local enactments were term ordinances. The Charter of 1936 replaces the Municipal Assembly with the City Council, which was given legislative power by Chapter 2 of the New York City Charter. The List of NYC Agencies provides brief descriptions of the responsibilities of each New York City agency and provides links to each agency's website.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

State and county government

To understand how local governments can serve you, it is important to understand the types of local governments in New York State. Local government in New York State is comprehensive. There are 1607 general purpose local governments in New York State, each with its own governing Body and taxing Authority. These have evolved in response to legislative initiatives enacted when residents wanted to be physically close to their elect representatives because travel is time-consuming and arduous. In the digital information age, these considerations may no longer be relevant, yet we retain the legacy of fragmented and unsustainable system of governance. New York also houses many other special purposes governments and districts that affect residentass tax bill. Article IX of the State Constitution requires the State Legislature to enact aStatute of Local Governmentsa granting certain powers to local governments. Among the powers granted is the power to adopt ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations; power to acquire real and personal property; power to acquire, establish and maintain recreational facilities; power to fix, levy and collect charges and fees. Article IX of the State Constitution was implemented in 1964 by the State Legislature through enactment of the Municipal Home Rule Law, which reiterates and explicates constitutional Local Law powers and provided procedures for adopting local laws. Home Rule in its broad sense describes those governmental functions and activities traditionally reserved for or performed by local governments without undue infringement by the State. In its more technical sense, Home Rule refers to constitutional and statutory powers give local governments to enact local legislation in order to carry out and discharge their duties and responsibilities. Counties are New York Stateas largest and most inclusive form of local government, but probably most limited in services that government can provide. Every citizen in New York State, including New York City, lives within the County. There are 62 of them. The functions of the County Government at the beginning of the twenty-first century scarcely resemble those of colonial times. Counties have developed as partners with the State to provide many of State mandated services, including Medicaid and other social services and management of jails and prisoner retention. They may also provide police services, maintain certain roads and transportation infrastructure and provide economic development assistance. As the largest of New Yorkas local governments, County is a convenient level of government to develop regional responses to common problems and opportunities. Social services programs, such as Medicaid and Aid to Dependent Children, remain the largest category of expenditure for the County government. However, share of distribution of expenditure for this category has declined as expenditures in other categories have increased and accounting for Medicaid expenditures has change. In 1980, County expenditures for Medicaid reflected the entire cost of the program. Since 2003, however, County medical expenditures reflect only County contribution, making comparisons between these years difficult.

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Heraldry

SEAL OF NEW YORK CITY, adopted in earlier form in 1686, bear legend SIGILLVM CIVITATIS NOVI EBORACI, which means simply SEAL OF CITY OF NEW YORK. Eboracum was the Roman name for YORK, titular seat OF James II As Duke OF YORK. Two supporters represent unity between Native Americans and colonists, four windmill sails recall CITY's Dutch History as NEW Amsterdam, and beavers and flour barrels are CITY's earliest trade goods. Crest over SEAL is an American eagle, added after the American Revolution. 1625, date at bottom, was chosen to emphasize CITY's Dutch roots but has been characterized as arbitrary and simply wrong by notable CITY historians. FLAG OF NEW YORK CITY was adopted in 1915. Its blue, white, and orange bands represent the colors OF the Dutch FLAG that flew over the CITY, then NEW Amsterdam, between the 1620s and 1660s. Locate in center is the blue print OF the official SEAL OF NEW YORK CITY minus its Latin motto. There are two official variants OF NEW YORK CITY FLAG. The Mayor's Office version adds arc OF five five-point stars in blue above SEAL, and the Councilmanic version adds the word COUNCIL in blue below SEAL.

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The Mayor

New York is a city in New York and the center of New York Metropolitan Area, one of most populous Metropolitan areas in the world. As of 2013, its population was 8. 4 million, making it the largest city in the United States. New York has a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. Home of United Nations Headquarters, New York is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. The City is also referred to as New York City or City of New York to distinguish it from the state of New York, of which it is part. Locate in a large natural harbor on the Atlantic coast of the Northeastern United States, New York City consists of five boroughs: Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island. Although all five boroughs are technically their own counties, they do not have functioning county governments and are instead administered by the City.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The City Council

See also: City elections in New York, New York City of New York, New York, is holding a special election for City Council District 24 on February 2 2021. The filing deadline for this election was November 18, 2020. See also: City elections in New York, New York City of New York, New York, hold special election for District 37 on City Council on November 3 2020. Primary was scheduled for June 23 2020. The filing deadline for this election was April 2 2020. A Special election became necessary after Rafael Espinal resigned from District 37 on New York City Council on January 26 2020, to assume a leadership role on Freelancers Union. New York City is also holding a special election for City Council District 12 on December 22, 2020. The filing deadline passed on October 20 2020. A special election was called after Andy King was expelled by the Council on October 5 2020. See also: City elections in New York, New York and Public advocate election in New York, New York

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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