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Hair Lice Treatment

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Anyone who comes in close contact with someone who already has Head Lice, or even their contaminated clothing and other belongings, is at risk of acquiring Head Lice. So it is easy to transmit Head Lice from one person to another. Preschool and elementary - school children and their families are infected most often. Girls contract head lice more often than boys, and women contract more head lice than men. There are three forms of lice, namely Nit, nymph, and adult louse. Nit: Nits are lice eggs. Nits are hard to see and are often confused with dandruff or hair - spray droplets. Nits are found firmly attached to the hair shaft. They are oval shaped, 2 - 3 mm in length and usually yellow to white in color. It takes about a week to hatch. Nymph: Nit hatches into baby louse called nymph. It looks like an adult Head louse but is smaller. Nymphs mature into adults about seven days after hatching. To live, nymph must feed on human blood. Adult: adult louse is about the size of a sesame seed, has six legs, and is tan to grayish - white in color. In people with dark hair, adult louse look darker. Females lay nits; they are usually larger than males. Adult Lice can live up to 30 days on person's head. To live, adult lice need to feed on human blood. If louse falls off person, it dies within two days. Life cycle: Nits hatch into nymphs, which become full - grown lice. In order to produce more nits, adult lice must mate. Head Lice can be detected by looking closely through hair and scalp for Nits, nymphs, or adults. Locating nymph or adult may be difficult; there are usually only a few of them, and they can move quickly from searching for fingers. However, presence of Nits close to the scalp confirms that person is infest. If nits are located more than inch from the scalp, infestation is probably old one. If you are not sure whether or not a person has Head Lice, diagnosis should be made by a health care professional, school nurse, or professional from the local health department or agricultural extension service. Nits of head lice are easily visible with a microscope. Dr. Ioffe - Uspensky performed a study that showed that using louse Comb was better than visual inspection alone when screening for lice infestations. For effective elimination of Head Lice, infest individual,s family members that are also infest, and home must ALL be treat. It is important to remember that treatment should only be started if there are clearly live lice identify. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics in recent clinical report, ideal treatment of lice should be safe, free of toxic chemicals, readily available without prescription, easy to use, effective and inexpensive.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Continued

Both over - counter products and prescription treatments may kill live lice and their eggs. Check labels to be sure. If lice are moving slowly after 9 or 10 days, they are probably dying. Check with your doctor about whether you should reapply. Piperonyl butoxide with pyrethrins. You can use this treatment in kids 2 years old and older. Itas made from chrysanthemum flower. Do use it if you have allergy to chrysanthemums or ragweed. Permethrin lotion, 1%. This lice shampoo is approved for use in babies and children aged 2 months and older. Dimethicone. This is a nonpesticide, - silicone - base material that works by coating lice and interfering with their ability to manage water. Some studies have shown it to be more effective than products that contain pesticides. Do use more than the recommended amount or combine products. If you still see lice moving after you use over - counter treatment, call doctor. You may need a stronger product.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Good lice treatment back-up player

There are no over - counter or prescription treatments that totally kill both lice and nits. Nits cannot be washed out or brushed out of hair. They must be picked or pulled out with a special nit comb or by hand. Various natural remedies exist for treating lice, but there is no scientific proof that they work. Using over counter or prescription Lice medicine Removing nits with nit comb and by hand, single most important treatment! Environmental Control, vacuuming and washing Regular head checks are followed by less frequent head checks to detect re - infestation Checking others who have close contact with someone who has lice

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What Are Head Lice?

Head Lice are tiny wingless insects. They live among human hair and feed on blood from scalp. Head lice are a common problem, especially for kids. They spread easily from person to person, and sometimes are tough to get rid of. Their bites can make a child's scalp itchy and irritated, and scratching can lead to infection. Head lice are annoying, but they are not dangerous and they don't spread disease. They re not sign of poor hygiene. Head Lice need blood and they don't care whether it's from someone who's clean or dirty. It's best to treat Head Lice right away to prevent it from spreading.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Nix Ultra Super Lice Treatment

Nix Ultra 2 - in - 1 Lice Elimination System kills head lice and eggs, including hard - to kill Super Lice. Nix Ultra is Pesticide - free and works effectively to kill lice and eggs by suffocation. The solution also conditions hair FOR easy comb out OF dead lice and nits. Unlike some lice treatments, Nix Ultra kills eggs too. Nix Ultra is specially designed to eliminate hard - to - kill Super Lice, which have developed resistance to many traditional lice treatments. Nix is 1 Pediatrician recommends Lice Treatment brand, trusted by moms, and hat by lice. Nix Ultra Solution is convenient because its applicator precisely saturates hair to ensure easy application, then is washed out with regular shampoo. Remaining lice and eggs are Comb out with high quality Nix Lice Removal Comb. Specifically designed to eliminate Super Lice, regular lice, and their eggs come with Nix Lice Removal Comb 1 Pediatrician recommends Lice Treatment brand Conditions hair FOR easy combing. Pesticide - free, hypoallergenic, NON - irritating, and odorless instructions keep Nix Ultra Solution away from the eyes. Protect your eyes with washcloth or towel. Step 1 - Apply Spread Nix Ultra Solution on dry hair, completely saturating hair and scalp. Ensure coverage behind your ears and on the back of your neck. Leave Nix Ultra Solution in hair FOR 10 minutes. Step 2 - Wash Wash hair thoroughly with regular shampoo. Do not USE conditioner or shampoo that contains conditioner. Nix Ultra Solution Conditions hair FOR easy combing. Towel dry hair. Step 3 - Remove USE Nix Professional Lice Removal Comb to remove nits and lice. Part hair into four sections. Comb One section at a time. Start at top OF head. Lift 1 - 2 inch wide section of hair. Place teeth OF Comb as close to scalp as possible and Comb with firm, even motion away from scalp to end OF hair. Use clips to pin back each strand of combed hair. Clean Comb during USE by wiping lice and nits onto tissue. Discard tissue into sealable plastic bag. After combing, recheck entire head FOR lice and nits. Seal and discard plastic bag containing nits and lice. Check hair after 7 days and repeat USE if necessary. Safe, NON - toxic, when used as directed.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Step 2: Contain the Problem

Once your child comes home with a confirmed case of head lice, take steps to prevent lice from spreading to other family members. Avoid hugging or other close contact. Check other kids and adults in your household for head Lice. Often, by the time you get a call from the school nurse, your child has had head lice for a while. Your whole family may need to be treated to prevent reinfestation. Washing hats, pillow cases and similar items that touch head in hot water may help contain head lice. However, disinfecting your entire house is not necessary, as transmission of head lice from inanimate objects is rare, Dr. Cohen say.


THE LIFE OF A HEAD LOUSE

Head Lice is thought to be transmitted mainly through Head - to - Head contact. Fomitesclothi and other articles that transmit disease, such as combs, hats, helmets, bedding, and other personal itemshave been implicated in their transmission, although this is not universally accept. 1 5 Head Lice are obligate ectoparasites that live on human skin and can survive only on human blood; They do not infest on other animals. 1 They need several meals of blood each day and die if away from their host head for more than 2 days. 1 They are wingless and cannot jump but climb quickly from hair to hair when hair is dry. When hair is wet, lice hardly move, making them vulnerable to identification and removal by gloved hands or with the aid of specially designed fine - tooth comb. 6 Adult female louse firmly attaches 7 to 10 eggs a day to human hair using gluelike, water - insoluble substance. These eggs are deposited close to the scalp so that heat and moisture from the host's head incubates the egg. 5 Eggs laid further away from the scalp are not likely to be viable. They are most commonly found in occipital and postauricular regions, but may be found anywhere on the head. In 7 to 10 days, when nymph emerges from the egg, it is close enough to scalp to easily have its first meal of blood. Distance nits or hatch eggs are from scalp can be used as an indicator of how long a person has been infest. 7 8 Lice nymphs undergo 3 molting stages before achieving adulthood in 7 to 10 days. 6 9 Adult Lice live about 30 days. People with infestations of Head Lice usually have no more than 10 to 12 live lice at a time but can have many hundreds of unhatched eggs and nits. 6 9 Head lice bites and saliva may elicit host immune response. 1 4 resulting pruritus and sensation of something crawling on head are the most common symptoms. Constant scratching may result in scalp excoriations and secondary bacterial infections. People with infestations may also present with fever, lymphadenopathy, headache, rash, malaise, and increased irritability. 4 10 Most infestations are asymptomatic, however.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Life Cycle of Lice

One four - letter word that every parent dreads hearing is lice. Though they may only be about the size of sesame seed, lice have the potential to cause you and your family some big problems. Lice infestation can go from mild to out of control in a matter of days, so it is important to address the issue as soon as you become aware of it. And when it comes to Lice Control, knowledge is power. Lice are not inherently dangerous, and they do not spread disease on their own, but they can cause intense itching and irritation. Add to that fact that repeat scratching can break skin, inviting risk of secondary infection and you can see why it is important to get the infestation under control quickly. Unfortunately, many people believe common myths and misconceptions about lice, which lead to ineffective treatment and prolonging of the problem. If you find yourself dealing with a lice infestation, you need to start with basics - figuring out the root cause. One incredibly underrated way of doing that, and dealing with problems quickly and effectively, is to understand the life cycle of lice and how it is transmit.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Over-The-Counter Medicines

This medicine may be harmful if swallow. If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1 - 800 - 222 - 1222. Canada residents can call the provincial poison control center. Do not share this medication with other people unless directed to do so by your doctor. One application is usually all that is needed. To avoid giving lice to another person or getting them again, all head wear, scarves, coats, and bed linens should be machine - washed with hot water and dried in a dryer for at least 20 minutes, dried clean, sealed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks, or sprayed with disinfectant that kills lice. Brushes or combs should be soaked in hot water for 10 minutes, soaked in alcohol for 1 hour, or thrown away. Furniture and floors should be thoroughly vacuum. People who are in close contact with an infected person, such as members of the same household, should also be checked for lice and nits. Treatment may be considered to prevent infestation even if live lice are not found on them. Store at room temperature between 59 - 77 degrees F away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets. Do not flush medications down toilet or pour them into the drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it expires or is no longer needed Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product. Information was last revised in July 2016. Copyright 2016 First Databank, Inc.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Environmental Control

Table

Active Ingredient (Brand Names)HazardsProduct Formulation
Benzyl alcohol (Ulesfia)Skin and eye irritant. Not known to cause long-term harm.Lotion
Lindane (Kwell)Highly toxic to the human nervous system and has been implicated as the cause of death from lice treatments. May cause skin or eye irritation. Persistent pollutant in wastewater and fatty tissues of people exposed to it. FDA Black Box warning on label. Reasonably Anticipated to be a Human Carcinogen by the NIH. No longer recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Resistance is an issue for effectiveness in some areas.Shampoo, Lotion
Malathion (Ovide)Toxic to the nervous system and classified by the EPA as a possible carcinogen . Can irritate skin and eyes. Resistance is an issue for effectiveness in some areas.Lotion
Permethrin (Nix)Toxic to the nervous system. Classified by EPA as a Likely carcinogen. Some evidence for endocrine disruption. Resistance is an issue for effectiveness.Lotion
Pyrethrins, combined with piperonyl butoxide (Rid, Triple X, Pronto)Toxic to the nervous system. Classified by EPA as a Possible carcinogen. Can trigger allergic reactions and asthma. Resistance is an issue for effectiveness.Shampoo, lotion
Spinosad (Natroba)Can cause skin and eye irritation. US EPA rates it as Not Likely to Be a Human Carcinogen.Lotion

Epa versus FDA: Who regulates lice treatments? Typically, Environmental Protection Agency regulates pesticide products for use in the United States. The Federal Drug Administration regulates products defined as drugs under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. In some cases, products containing pesticides are used as pharmaceutical treatments for pests that plague humans, as is the case with lice treatments. Prior to 1994, some over - counter lice treatments were regulated by the EPA, while prescription products were regulated by FDA. In 1994, FDA rules resulted in all EPA - registered products for lice being transferred to FDA jurisdiction. The rule also causes over - counter aerosol products to be removed from the market. Fda issued a Public Health Advisory on Lindane - containing products in 2003, requiring a black box warning label emphasizing its potential for neurotoxicity, particularly in infants, children, elderly, individuals with other skin conditions, and those weighing less than 110 pounds. The warning advises that Lindane only be used in patients who cannot tolerate or have failed other first - line treatments for lice and scabies and that it only be used single time. The advisory concludes: Lindane products should be prescribed carefully, and quantities prescribed should be limited to amounts for single application. Patients are at risk for serious neurologic adverse events, and even death, particularly with early retreatment. It is not know how soon after administering one dose of Lindane that second dose can be safely administer. Post - treatment itching is common, especially in treatment of scabies and does not necessarily indicate treatment failure. In addition to having potential for neurological, liver, and kidney harm - especially in children - Lindane persists in the environment for many years and accumulates in fatty tissues of people and wildlife that are exposed to food, water, and air. This is of particular concern in light of its status as reasonably anticipated to be a Human Carcinogen, according to the National Institutes Of Health. Some Public Health advocates, pediatricians, and congressional representatives continue to push for a total ban on Lindane. Most recently, congressional representative Ed Markey of Massachusetts sent a letter to FDA Commissioner Hamburg in May 2012 requesting that the agency consider a ban on pharmaceutical use in light of documented hazards and positive results reported from the California ban. A 2008 study appearing in Environmental Health Perspectives reviewed ecological and clinical outcomes of the California ban on Lindane, concluding that chemical presence in waste had been measurably reduce, call to Poison Control system about Lindane had decline, and that large majority of pediatricians report no difficulty with overall control of headlice.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

School and Other Parents

Reprint from New York Daily News, November 2013. Schools across the country are no longer sending home lice notes to parents or requiring kids with lice to stay home from school. Nurses say notes cause unnecessary panic, while some parents complain about their kids being expose. Some parents are scratching their heads over less restrictive Head Lice policies that allow children with live bugs in their hair to return to the classroom for the rest of the day. Above, over - counter products for treating lice. Some parents are scratching their heads over less restrictive Head Lice policies that allow children with live bugs in their hair to return to the classroom. And some school nurses are no longer sending home dread lice notes to other parents with kids in the classroom, alerting them to the possibility of lice in their own children's precious locks. Policy shift is designed to help keep children from missing class, shield children with lice from embarrassment and protect their privacy. Lice is icky, but it not dangerous, says Deborah Pontius, school nurse for Pershing County School District in Lovelock, Nev. It is not infectious, and it is fairly easy to treat. Usually by time itchy child is sent to a nurse, Pontius say, child has probably had lice for about three weeks to two months. She said classmates had already been expose. There is little additional risk of transmission, she say, if student returns to class for a few hours until the end of the day, when parents would pick up child and treat for lice at home. Pontius also doesnt send lice notes. It get out who had lice, she say, and there was no need to panic parents. Parents with elementary school - age kids should check their children's hair for lice once a week anyway, she say. If they are doing that, then there is really no need for notes. The idea of letting kids with untreated lice remain in class does set well with some parents. Im appal. I am just so disgusted, said Theresa Rice, whose 8 - year - old daughter, Jenna, has come home from her elementary school in Hamilton County, Tenn., With lice three times since school started in August. It is just a terrible headache to have to deal with lice, say rice. To pick out tiny eggs, or nits, and lice from Jenna's long blond hair is a four - hour process. Add to that all the laundry and cleaning it exhausting, she say. Rice had to bag up her daughters ' treasure stuffed animals, which remained sealed for weeks even after Jenna was lice - free. Jennas School implemented a new policy in past year that allows children with untreated lice to go home at the end of the day, be treated and then return to school. The policy, District say, complies with guidelines of both the Tennessee Department of Education and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other schools, in California, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Carolina and elsewhere, have similar policies.


What are lice?

If your child has head lice or nits, it is important to treat it quickly to avoid spreading it to other members of your home. You should also check other household members for signs of lice and nits. Treat everyone who has lice or nits at the same time, to lower the risk of one person spreading them back to another. Most cases of head lice can be treated with over - counter or prescription medications, know as pediculicides. After you apply medication, thoroughly check your childs head and comb their hair with lice comb to remove remaining nits and lice every two to three days. You may need to apply another dose of medication about a week after the first round. Follow package directions and consult your doctor if you have questions. It is also important to clean items that might carry head lice. For example, if your child has head lice or nits, remember to wash their: hats, scarves, hair accessories, clothing worn in days before treatment, pillow cases and bedding used in days before treatment, brushes and combs towels lice and nits are killed by extended exposure to hot temperatures. Machine - wash in hot water items that might be infest, and dry them with hot air. If you ca launder an item, soak it in hot water for five to 10 minutes, dry - clean it, or seal it in a plastic bag for two weeks to kill lice and nits it might carry. Other family members in the household should be checked as well, just in case lice have already spread. Only those found to have lice need to be treated with pediculicides. To be extra safe, vacuum mattresses, furniture, and floors to remove any hair that may have fallen from your children's heads while they were infected with lice or nits.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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