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Head Lice Coronavirus

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

An Itchy scalp isnt common coronavirus symptom, but more people are experiencing it during the pandemic because of an unexpected visitor: lice. Lice Clinics of America say clinics across the US have seen an increase in lice activity during the coronavirus pandemic. Reports of lice increased by an average of 25% from April to May this year, with entire families being impact, LCA said in a news release. Why would a pandemic lead to more cases of lice? More families are sheltering at home together, so it is likely that lice has spread from person to person, LCA say. Weve been hearing from customers who say they try to use home remedies to remove head lice but due to the severity of infestation, it is just not feasible, Claire Roberts, CEO of LCA, said in a news release. Traditional over - counter remedies arent working. Lice, or super lice, have developed resistance to pesticides and chemicals used in them. Super lice are really just head lice that have become resistant to active ingredients in many head lice treatments, according to Mayo Clinic. They are new, but super lice make it more difficult to get rid of head lice. Adult head lice are about 2 or 3 millimeters long, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They ca hop or fly, so they most commonly spread from person - to - person contact, CDC say. Head lice infest head and neck and attach their eggs to the base of the hair shaft. Lice move by crawling; they cannot hop or fly, CDC say. Head lice infestation, or pediculosis, is spread most commonly by close person - to - person contact. Dogs, cats, and other pets do not play a role in the transmission of human lice. The condition is most common in children, with an estimated 6 million to 12 million children aged 3 to 11 getting head lice every year, according to the CDC. If you have children who are elementary and middle - school ages, it is important to take some immediate steps to either prevent your children from being infest or to properly treat and kill lice before they spread to others in your family and social group, Krista Lauer, Medical director of LCA, say in News release.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Repurposing drugs as COVID-19 treatments

Chloroquine phosphate is conventionally used for prophylaxis / treatment of malaria, and extraintestinal amoebiasis, whereas hydroxychloroquine approved for suppressive treatment / treatment of acute attacks of malaria and rheumatoid arthritis are two most commonly used drugs for COVID - 19 worldwide. They predominantly act by increasing endosomal pH and interfere with glycosylation of cellular receptor of SARS - CoV and thus it has potential to block viral infection. Additionally, chloroquine also inhibits quinone reductase - 2, which is involved in sialic acid biosynthesis that makes this agent broad antiviral agent. The mechanism of action of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are the same, Both act as weak base that can change pH of acidic intracellular organelles including endosomes / lysosomes, essential for membrane fusion. Besides, chloroquine also possesses immune - modulating properties which may augment antiviral activity in vivo. It is believed that both agents could be effective tools against SARS - CoV - 1 and SARS - CoV - 2. Though they have shown promising activity against SARS - CoV - 2, there is risk of arrhythmia associated with their administration at higher cumulative dosages; hence, vigilance is required with prior electrocardiogram for correct QT interval in vulnerable cases. Recent studies have reported contrasting results for combination of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin in COVID patients as regards viral load, positivity at day 7 and culture. The combination of lopinavir / ritonavir is used for treatment of HIV and is a potential candidate for treatment of COVID - 19. Antiretroviral drug lopinavir, protease inhibitor is formulated in combination with ritonavir which inhibits metabolising enzyme cytochrome P450 3A and therefore increases the half - life of lopinavir. A Randomise open label clinical trial of lopinavir / ritonavir 400 mg / 100 mg, twice daily for 14 days has concluded that the combination was not more effective than standard care treatment and had a similar recovery process in severe COVID - 19. Remdesivir is a monophosphate prodrug that undergoes metabolism to active C - adenosine nucleoside triphosphate analogue. Currently, remdesivir is promising potential therapy for COVID - 19 due to its broad - spectrum and potent in vitro activity against several novel coronavirus, including SARS - CoV - 2 with EC 50 and EC 90 values of 0. 77 M and 1. 76 M, respectively. Favipiravir is a prodrug of purine nucleotide, favipiravir ribofuranosyl - 5 triphosphate and is approved for therapeutic use in resistant cases of influenza. The active agent inhibits ribonucleic acid polymerase, inhibiting viral replication. In vitro, EC 50 of favipiravir against SARS - CoV - 2 was 61. 88 M / L in Vero E6 cells.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Imagine a nit-free life

The life span of an adult louse on host ranges up to 30 days. During this time, female head louse can deposit about 90 eggs. After incubating for seven to 10 days, nits hatch and, after another 10 days, matures into adult head lice and the cycle begins again. Off host, adult head lice can live for about two to four days at 74 degrees Fahrenheit and one to two days at 86 degrees. Nits will remain alive off host for up to 10 days; they will not hatch at or below room temperature.


How to get rid of head lice

If you suspect head lice, check the base of hair for eggs. They are oval, yellow or white, and tiny, less than one millimetre long. Also, look carefully at hair to see if you can spot adult lice. Favourite spots for infestation are behind the ears, and at the nape of the neck. If you can't see anything, try combing hair with a fine toothed comb over a piece of white paper to see if any lice drop out. Most people prefer to try natural methods to treat this problem first. This is a good idea because lice are becoming increasingly resistant to chemical treatments. The most effective is wet combing but it is hard work and you need to be persistent. Wash children's hair and apply generous amount of conditioner, which should be left in. Use good quality fine toothed steel comb and comb children's hair into small sections over a piece of paper so you can see lice drop out. Wipe comb clean on piece of tissue between each stroke. Continue until you ca see any more lice or nits after combing. This will probably take at least half an hour. Repeat every three or four days for at least two weeks so you remove any hatching lice before they have a chance to lay new eggs. You cant remove eggs by combing, only lice. Alternatively, you could try insecticide lotion. You will need to apply lotion to all areas of the children's scalp. It usually needs to be leave for up to 12 hours. For most brands, two applications a week apart are needed. If lice are still present after the second application, they may be resistant to it. Try different brands with different active ingredients. It can take several treatments to get rid of eggs and lice completely. Medicate shampoos and lotions contain quite strong chemicals, so some people may have allergic reaction to them. These lotions are not usually recommended for babies under the age of six months. Some brands are not suitable for children with asthma.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

A silver lining to isolation

It can get overwhelming: drumbeat of bleak news about the coronavirus pandemic, with events changing so fast that one week seems unrecognizable from the last. In moment, it is painful and miserable and it hard, says Jeremy Ortman, mental health counselor in New York. We dont know what it is going to look like on the other side. But he and other experts say that, to stay resilient in uncertain and frightening times, it is critical to remember that bright spots do exist, and to keep those gleams of hope in mind. Whenever Ive asked people what thing theyre most proud of in their lives, it is always connected to times of pain or strife or struggle and how they get through it, he say. People are serenading each other across windowsills. Animal shelters are reporting upticks in foster applications. Volunteers are buying groceries for their neighbors, cities are starting programs to feed the homeless, and stores are offering exclusive hours for older shoppers. Responding to dire equipment shortages at hospitals, sewing circles organized on social media are stitching scraps of shower curtains and flowered fabric into masks, and craft distilleries are using spirits to make hand sanitizer, for free. Some landlords are waiving or lowering rent, and some employers are recognizing obligation to look out for employees. Broadway producers agreed to pay actors and stage crew workers through next several weeks, and unions and companies are negotiating to increase the salaries of some grocery store employees, who have become an indispensable work force in crisis. In Kansas, after schools were closed for the rest of the academic year, six tents were set up around Kansas City where students could pick up breakfast and lunch, school officials say. More than 70 percent of the district's 23 000 students rely on school meals. Were really just trying to let everyone know that we want to do right by students, said Charles Foust, superintendent of schools in Kansas City. In Jonesboro, Ark., Ramey Myers, co - owner of Parsonage, restaurant, feared she would have to lay off employees after she and her husband shut it down except for takeout. A couple panicked this month when they took in only $50 for the entire day. But she then got a text from her landlord: no rent April. With reprieve, Ms. Myers and her husband could pay their employees for two more weeks. Other people need to do what her landlord does she say, calling it, blessing beyond anything anyone could have done. Its huge. Everyone has a chance to be heroic, Dr. Emily Landon, chief infectious Disease epidemiologist at University of Chicago Medicine, said at a news conference last week. Its really hard to feel like youre saving the world when youre watching Netflix from your couch, she say. But if we do this right, nothing happens. Dr. Landon urged patience as Illinois enacts stay - at - home measures. Successful shelter in place means that you going to feel like it was all for nothing, she say.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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