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High Insulin Levels Normal Blood Sugar

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Insulin Resistance doesnt happen overnight. When most of your diet includes empty calories and an abundance of quickly absorbed sugars, liquid calories, and carbohydrates like bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes, your cells slowly become resistant to the effects of Insulin. Your body increasingly demands more insulin to do the same job of keeping your blood sugar even. Eventually, your cells become resistant to insulin, resulting in Insulin Resistance. The higher your insulin levels are, worse your insulin resistance. Your body starts to age and deteriorate. In fact, Insulin Resistance is the single most important phenomenon that leads to rapid, premature aging and all its resultant diseases, including heart disease, stroke, dementia, and cancer. Insulin Resistance and resulting metabolic Syndrome often come accompanied by increasing central obesity, fatigue after meals, sugar cravings, high triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, problems with blood clotting, as well as increased inflammation. Even without these warning signs, one test can determine high Insulin levels years or even decades before Diabetes develops. Early detection can help you reverse these symptoms, yet doctors rarely use this crucial test that can detect high insulin levels. Why Doctors Miss Initial Warning Sign of Insulin Resistance Doctors have been trained to measure people fasting blood sugar, or glucose levels present in your blood, at least eight hours after your last meal. Most do express concern until results show blood sugar levels reaching 110 mg / dl. That is when they start watching it. Then, once your blood sugar reaches 126 mg / dl, your doctor will diagnose you with Diabetes and put you on medication. An important thing to note is that blood sugar is the last thing to increase for many people, fasting Glucose Test detects diabetes too late. Long before your blood sugar rises, your Insulin spikes. High Insulin levels are the first sign that can precede Type 2 Diabetes for decades, Damage begins with even slight changes in Insulin and blood sugar. The Two - Hour Glucose tolerance Test can help detect high Insulin levels. This test measures not only glucose but also Insulin levels, yet doctors rarely order it. Instead, they usually do express concern until blood sugar is over 110 or worse, over 126, which is Diabetes. Many of my patients have normal blood sugar levels but very high insulin levels and other signs of pre - Diabetes, yet when they come to see me they have not been diagnosed with pre - Diabetes. Even when they have a blood sugar level over 100 mg / dl and a two - Hour Glucose tolerance Test result of over 140 mg / dl, 90 percent of patients who display these conditions have not been diagnose. That is because doctors do measure Insulin. Think about this. Insulin Resistance contributes to most chronic diseases in America, country with world - renowned health care, yet 90 percent of people who have this condition have not been diagnose. One test could change all that.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What Is Insulin Resistance?

Something else to keep in mind is that while insulin resistance is often associated with overweight or obesity, millions of people at normal body weight or with healthy body mass index may have chronically high insulin and be at risk for serious health problems. Researchers even have a name for this, when there are clear signs and symptoms of metabolic dysregulation in people at normal body weight: normal weight obesity. So while a slim and trim physique looks nice on the outside, it is no guarantee of health on the inside. After all, not everyone with cardiovascular disease, gout, or hypertension is obese. What they do likely have, however, is chronically high insulin.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

Table

ResultA1C
Normalless than 5.7%
Prediabetes5.7% to 6.4%
Diabetes6.5% or higher

Diabetes is defined as a disease in which the body has an impaired ability to either produce or respond to hormone insulin. People with type 1 Diabetes have pancreas that do not make insulin. People with type 2 Diabetes have cells in the body that are resistant to insulin or have pancreas that slow or stop producing adequate insulin levels. Both types of diabetes can result in abnormal glucose levels. Normal blood levels may range slightly depending on what blood tests are used and your doctor may have, but variances are small. In addition, what are normal ranges for nondiabetics are not the same for diabetics; it is generally accepted that target blood sugar measurements for people with Diabetes will be slightly higher than those without Diabetes. Person who do not have a normal glucose range of 72 - 99 mg / dL while fasting and up to 140 mg / dL about 2 hours after eating. People with Diabetes who have well - controlled glucose levels with medications have different target glucose range. These people may have a fasting range of about 100 mg / dL or less and 180 mg / dL about 2 hours after eating. If a person's diabetes is not well control, person may have much higher glucose ranges or hypoglycemia for example, 200 - 400 mg / d; however some people with Diabetes have blood sugar levels that are much higher. Normal ranges for blood sugar levels in adults who do not have Diabetes before eating or fasting range begins at 72 - 99mg / dL while fasting ranges for those being treated for type 1 or type 2 Diabetes range from 80 - 130 mg / dL. According to the American Diabetes Association, normal blood sugar levels before and after eating should be 80 - 130 mg / dL before eating a meal, and less than 180 mg / dL about 1 - 2 hours after eating meal. The high blood sugar range for people who do have Diabetes begins at 140 mg / dL or greater, while for those being treated for Diabetes, high range begins at 180 mg / dL, called hypoglycemia. Yes, high blood sugar levels can be dangerous. Although high blood sugar levels commonly produce symptoms of excessive urination, excessive thirst and hunger, and weight loss, over time these high blood sugar levels can cause lower extremity paresthesias and / or loss of feeling, blurry vision and a tendency to be at higher risk for infections and many other medical problems including kidney and eye Damage, Heart attack, and stroke. Very high blood sugar levels can cause diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to loss of consciousness and possible death. Treatment for excessively high blood sugar involves IV fluids and insulin. Yes, low blood sugar symptoms can cause problems such as hunger, nervousness, perspiration, dizziness and even confusion; If untreated, low blood sugar may result in unconsciousness, seizures, Coma, or death. Low blood sugar levels begin at 70 mg / dL or less. People with Diabetes who take too much medication or take their usual amount but then eat less or exercise more than usual can develop hypoglycemia.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

ResultFasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
Normalless than 100 mg/dl
Prediabetes100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl
Diabetes126 mg/dl or higher

Table3

ResultOral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
Normalless than 140 mg/dl
Prediabetes140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl
Diabetes200 mg/dl or higher
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Fasting blood glucose test

Table

ResultFasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
Normalless than 100 mg/dl
Prediabetes100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl
Diabetes126 mg/dl or higher

Fasting blood glucose test will show your fasting blood sugar level. Youd have this test done after not eating or drinking for at least eight hours. High level may require a second test a few days later to confirm reading. If both tests show elevated levels of blood glucose, your doctor may diagnose you with prediabetes or Diabetes. Fasting blood sugar levels under 100 milligrams / deciliter are considered normal. Levels between 100 and 125 mg / dL indicate prediabetes. Levels equal to or greater than 126 mg / dL are diagnostic for Diabetes. Depending on the lab, these numbers could vary up to 3 mg / dL points in cutoff numbers.


What is prediabetes?

This measures your blood sugar at the time of your test. You can take this test at any time and do need to fast first. A blood sugar level of 200 mg / dL or higher indicates you have diabetes. If your doctor thinks you have type 1 diabetes, your blood may also be tested for autoantibodies that are often present in type 1 diabetes but not in type 2 diabetes. You may have your urine test for ketones, which also indicate type 1 diabetes instead of type 2 diabetes.


Tests for Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can affect how the body produces and responds to insulin. When insulin is only available in smaller quantities, or cells no longer respond to it, sugar does not enter these cells and remains in the blood. Type 1 diabetes: beta cells that make insulin in the pancreas are damaged or destroy, so sugar stays in the blood for longer. Type 2 diabetes: cells in the liver, muscles, and fat tissue no longer respond to insulin, and they release more sugar into the blood. Beta cells do not produce enough insulin compounds in this situation. People who have diabetes can experience high blood sugar levels, or hyperglycemia, because cells in their body cannot absorb sugar from the blood. Factors that can raise people's blood sugar level include: taking too little insulin, eating too many carbs, stress, lack of physical activity, certain medications, steroids. If people take too much insulin, exercise more than usual, or skip meal,sss they may experience low blood sugar levels, or hypoglycemia.


Blood sugar levels

Normal fasting blood glucose for someone who does not have Diabetes ranges from 70 to 99 mg / dL. The American Diabetes Association recommends routine screening for type 2 Diabetes starting at age 45. If results are normal, screening should be repeated every 3 years. If you have Diabetes risk factors, which include being overweight or obese, having a family history of type 2 Diabetes, having a history of gestational Diabetes, or being of certain race / ethnicity, you should be screened for Diabetes sooner than age 45. Children and adolescents who have Diabetes symptoms or who are overweight and have family history of type 2 Diabetes, are of African American, Latino, Asian American, Native American or Pacific Islander descent, who have signs of prediabetes or mother who had gestational Diabetes should be tested beginning at age 10 and then every 3 years thereafter. Fasting blood sugar of 100 to 125 mg / dL is indicative of prediabetes, which is a condition where blood sugar levels are above normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Its managed by lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

ResultOral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
Normalless than 140 mg/dl
Prediabetes140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl
Diabetes200 mg/dl or higher

Table4

ResultA1C
Normalless than 5.7%
Prediabetes5.7% to 6.4%
Diabetes6.5% or higher

Random Blood Sugar Test

ResultA1C TestFasting Blood Sugar TestGlucose Tolerance TestRandom Blood Sugar Test
Diabetes6.5% or above126 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above
Prediabetes5.7 - 6.4%100 - 125 mg/dL140 - 199 mg/dLN/A
NormalBelow 5.7%99 mg/dL or below140 mg/dL or belowN/A
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

When you should get tested

Table

ResultA1C
Normalless than 5.7%
Prediabetes5.7% to 6.4%
Diabetes6.5% or higher

Testing for diabetes should begin at about age 40, along with usual tests for cholesterol and other markers of health. Ideally, your doctor will test you at your annual physical exam or preventive screening. Your doctor may recommend testing at a younger age if you: have a sedentary lifestyle, have low good cholesterol level or high triglyceride levels, have parent or sibling with diabetes are American Indian, African - American, Latino, Asian - American, or Pacific Islander, have high blood pressure, have symptoms of insulin resistance were diagnosed with gestational diabetes had baby who weigh more than 9 pounds have had stroke children and teens age 10 to 18 may also benefit from diabetes screening if they are overweight and have two or more of above risk factors for diabetes.


Blood sugar levels

Blood sugar levels change throughout the day. Typically, blood sugar levels are at their lowest first thing in the morning or after a period of fasting. Blood sugar levels increase during and after meals, as the body digests food. The following chart outlines the normal blood sugar range for people with and without diabetes, depending on time of day: abnormal blood sugar levels occur when there is either too much or too little sugar in the blood. The blood sugar range for each is hypoglycemia. Know as low blood sugar: 70 mg / dL or less. Hyperglycemia. Know as high blood sugar: More than 180 mg / dL. Blood sugar test. This measures the current level of glucose in the blood. A1c test. This measures average blood glucose level over the past 2 - 3 months. This test occurs in a laboratory.


Blood sugar test

People can measure their blood sugar levels with either a blood sugar meter or a continuous glucose monitor. The Continuous glucose monitor uses sensors to measure blood sugar levels. A doctor inserts a sensor under the skin, usually in the abdomen or arm. Sensors transmit information to monitor that displays glucose levels every few minutes. Blood sugar meters measure the amount of glucose in a drop of blood, usually from the finger. Thoroughly wash hands and disinfect the meter. Gather meter, test strip, lenses and alcohol wipe. Rub hands together to encourage blood flow to fingertips. Turn the meter on and insert the test strip. Wipe fingertips with an alcohol pad and let alcohol evaporate. Prick finger with lancet. Gently squeeze at the base of finger until a drop of blood forms on the fingertip. Place blood droplet on test strip. Wait for the meter to display blood sugar measurement. Record results, adding notes about anything that may have contributed to abnormal reading, such as food or physical activity. Properly dispose of wipe, lancet, and test strip.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

ResultFasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
Normalless than 100 mg/dl
Prediabetes100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl
Diabetes126 mg/dl or higher

Table3

ResultOral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
Normalless than 140 mg/dl
Prediabetes140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl
Diabetes200 mg/dl or higher

Random Blood Sugar Test

ResultA1C TestFasting Blood Sugar TestGlucose Tolerance TestRandom Blood Sugar Test
Diabetes6.5% or above126 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above
Prediabetes5.7 - 6.4%100 - 125 mg/dL140 - 199 mg/dLN/A
NormalBelow 5.7%99 mg/dL or below140 mg/dL or belowN/A
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Collection and Panels

Random Blood Sugar Test

ResultA1C TestFasting Blood Sugar TestGlucose Tolerance TestRandom Blood Sugar Test
Diabetes6.5% or above126 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above200 mg/dL or above
Prediabetes5.7 - 6.4%100 - 125 mg/dL140 - 199 mg/dLN/A
NormalBelow 5.7%99 mg/dL or below140 mg/dL or belowN/A

Steps in procedure of undertaking capillary Blood Glucose Test with glucometer. Wash and dry hands and site is to be test. Prime lancet to no more than 2. 0 mm to minimize the risk of bone injury. Remove the glucose testing strip without touching the sensor tip from the container. Insert glucose testing strip into the glucometer; this often leads to the glucometer turning itself on. Release trigger on lancet to pierce skin. Recommendations are to wipe away the first drop of blood with clean gauze or tissue as this drop of blood may contain intracellular or interstitial fluid, or is hemolyzed, both of which could affect blood sample. Gentle downward pressure applied close to the puncture site may facilitate blood flow and collection of second drop of blood. Collect the second drop of blood as it forms by touching the tip of the glucose testing strip. Place glucometer down and cover the site of skin puncture with clean tissue. Pressure may need to be applied to stop further bleeding from the puncture site. Machines normally provide results at this stage unless there have been errors in collection; for example, insufficient sample, low battery, wrong code, or machine times itself out. If error displays on glucometer, troubleshoot as appropriate. Make note of test results relative to diet, exercise, and / or medication used as appropriate.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

Insulin is a peptide hormone that is secreted from beta cells of islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It is initially synthesize in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus as proinsulin; it is then cloven into insulin and C - peptide. Although insulin and C - peptide are cosecreted in equal molar proportions, ratio of serum insulin to C - peptide is 1: 5 - 15. Fifty to sixty percent of insulin is extracted by liver before it reaches systemic circulation, and it has a half - life of only 4 minutes. In contrast, C - peptide and proinsulin are excreted via the kidney. Insulin is an anabolic hormone that promotes glucose uptake, glycogenesis, lipogenesis, and protein synthesis of skeletal muscle and fat tissue through the tyrosine kinase receptor pathway. In addition, insulin is the most important factor in regulation of plasma glucose homeostasis, as it counteracts glucagon and other catabolic hormonesepinephrine, glucocorticoid, and growth hormone. In normal physiology, insulin secretion is induced by elevated plasma glucose levels. Glucose diffuses to beta cells through glucose transporter 2 and activates the glycolysis pathway, leading to elevated adenosine triphosphate levels. Increasing ATP levels induces ATP - sensitive K + channels to shut down and subsequently stimulate depolarization of beta - cell membrane. Then, voltage - gate Ca 2 + channels are open to increase cytosolic Ca 2 + and trigger insulin exocytosis. However, high insulin levels in hypoglycemic state have been found in hypersecretory state; example is insulinoma, in which insulin is secreted in at a high rate independent from plasma glucose level. Interestingly, oral administration of glucose is more effective in increasing insulin secretion than intravenous glucose. Carbohydrate meals potentiate insulin secretion through multiple gastrointestinal hormones, including cholecystokinin, glucagonlike peptide - 1, and gastric - inhibiting polypeptide.


Do You Have Insulin Resistance?

If you have insulin resistance, you want to become oppositemore insulin sensitive. Physical activity makes you more sensitive to insulin, one reason why it is a cornerstone of diabetes management. Dont wait until youre diagnosed with diabetes to start moving more. The earlier you take action, better off youll be. Weight loss is important too, as is avoiding high blood sugar, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep. These lifestyle changes really work. Talk with your health care provider about how to get start.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Insulin Sensitivity

Insulin levels can also be used to assess Insulin resistance versus sensitivity. In Insulin resistance, ability of cells to respond to action of Insulin in transporting glucose into tissues is diminish; consequently, resistant individual begins secreting above - normal amounts of Insulin to obtain a quantitatively normal response. Insulin resistance develops long before the appearance of disease signs. A study by Kraft found borderline diabetes in 14% of subjects with normal oral glucose tolerance tests who had been randomly referred for such evaluation. There are multiple methods available to assess Insulin resistance, including the following: each of these methods has its own limitations. Lack of standardization of Insulin assay procedures prevents comparison of results between studies; as result, studies can be compared only qualitatively. The American Diabetes Association organized a task force to standardize Insulin assays. Homa equations have been one of the tools widely used in research to estimate Insulin resistance. Two equations are as follow, with HOMA - IR used to assess Insulin resistance and HOMA - B used to assess pancreatic beta - cell function: fasting Insulin levels can serve as a tool to help guide choice of therapy in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes. A study by Saxena et al found that such patients with normal to low initial fasting serum Insulin levels respond better to glipizide than to metformin. On the other hand, those with high fasting serum Insulin levels respond significantly better to metformin than to glipizide.


Do You Have Insulin Resistance?

Whilst the exact cause of insulin resistance is still not fully understood, it is known which factors can lead to insulin resistance developing. Insulin resistance can commonly develop if one or more of the following factors apply: if you are overweight or obese Having high - calorie diet, high - carbohydrate or high - sugar diet Sedentary diet little physical activity Taking high doses of steroids over extended period of time Having chronic stress Having Cushings disease or polycystic ovary disease in terms of what is happening inside body that cause insulin resistance, researchers have observe that insulin resistance occur in people that have: High levels of insulin circulating in their blood Excessive fat store in liver and pancreas High levels of inflammation

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Hyperglycemia - High Blood Sugar

Blood sugar control is at the center of any diabetes treatment plan. High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is a major concern, and can affect people with both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. There are two main kinds: fasting hyperglycemia. This is blood sugar that's higher than 130 mg / dL after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours. Postprandial or after - meal Hyperglycemia. This is blood sugar that's higher than 180 mg / dL 2 hours after you eat. People without Diabetes rarely have blood sugar levels over 140 mg / dL after meal, unless itas really large. Frequent or ongoing high blood sugar can cause damage to your nerves, blood vessels, and organs. It can also lead to other serious conditions. People with Type 1 Diabetes are prone to a build - up of acids in the blood called ketoacidosis. If you have Type 2 Diabetes or if youare at risk for it, extremely high blood sugar can lead to a potentially deadly condition in which your body canat process sugar. It's called Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome. Youall pee more often at first, and then less often later on, but your urine may become dark and you could get severely dehydrate. It's important to treat symptoms of high blood sugar right away to help prevent complications.


Causes

During digestion, your body breaks down carbohydrates from foods such as bread, rice and pasta into various sugar molecules. One of these sugar molecules is glucose, main energy source for your body. Glucose is absorbed directly into your bloodstream after you eat, but it can't enter cells of most of your tissues without the help of insulin hormone secreted by your pancreas. When the glucose level in your blood rises, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin unlocks your cells so that glucose can enter and provide fuel your cells need to function properly. Any extra glucose is stored in your liver and muscles in the form of glycogen. This process lowers the amount of glucose in your bloodstream and prevents it from reaching dangerously high levels. As your blood sugar level returns to normal, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas. Diabetes drastically lowers insulin's effects on your body. This may be because your pancreas is unable to produce insulin, or it may be because your body is resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose level. As a result, glucose tends to build up in your bloodstream and may reach dangerously high levels if not treated properly. Insulin or other drugs are used to lower blood sugar levels.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What should your numbers be?

Insulin is measured in microunits per milliliter. Unfortunately, there isnt much agreement on what level is ideal. The Website Health Central says 10 - 20. Dr. Mercola says less than 5. A study in Arizona found that women with fasting insulin levels around 8. 0 had twice the risk of prediabetes as women with level around 5. 0 Women with fasting insulin of 25 or so had five times the risk of prediabetes. University of Washington researcher Stephen Guyenet writes that the average insulin level in the US is 8. 8 mIU / mL for men and 8. 4 for Women. Give degree of metabolic dysfunction in this country, I think it safe to say that the ideal level of fasting insulin is probably below 8. 4 uIU / mL would be 2 - 6.


Blood sugar levels

They have less than 100 mg / dL after not eating for at least 8 hours. And they re less than 140 mg / dL 2 hours after eating. During the day, levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals. For most people without diabetes, blood sugar levels before meals hover around 70 to 80 mg / dL. For some people, 60 is normal; for others, 90. What's low sugar level? It varies widely, too. Many people's glucose won't ever fall below 60, even with prolonged fasting. When you diet or fast, liver keeps your levels normal by turning fat and muscle into sugar. A few people's levels may fall somewhat lower.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How to lower insulin level

Prolong use of external insulin or its high levels in blood can have certain side effects on different body parts as discussed below. Hypoglycemia - this is a major side effect of high insulin levels in your blood. It occurs in nearly 16% of Type 1 diabetic patients and 10% of Type 2 diabetic patients. Severe Hypoglycemia can result in sweating, tachycardia, confusion, seizures, coma, and even death in extreme cases. Therefore, regular glucose monitoring is recommended for diabetic patients receiving Insulin therapy. Hypersensitivity reactions - It occur only in 1% of people taking either biosynthetic human Insulin or pork Insulin. Reactions include local erythema, heat, swelling or nodule formation. Desensitization kits are available for patients with true allergy to Insulin. Cardiovascular consequences - Insulin can cause hypertension by stimulating the nervous system to retain sodium. It may also induce imbalance in blood fats. Insulin may also increase the heart rate if Hypoglycemia has not occur. Weight gain - sudden restoration of control over blood glucose levels in diabetic patients treated with Insulin causes weight gain. This is due to increased use of glucose or calories. Metabolic side effects - People treated for diabetic ketoacidosis may have low levels of phosphates, potassium, and magnesium in their blood. Kidney functioning - Hypoglycemia caused by Hyperinsulinemia can lead to a decrease in blood flow to kidneys and thus reduce filtration rate. It also increases excretion of urinary albumin. These changes are reversible if Hypoglycemia can be manage. Blood flow - Hyperinsulinemia can decrease blood volume and increase its viscosity. This can predispose patients to low peripheral perfusion. Gastrointestinal disturbances - Rarely Hyperinsulinemia can lead to gastrointestinal distress which can be resolved by lowering the Insulin dose. Visual disturbances - blurred vision can also occur, which is self - limit. Lung - Both lung structure and function are affected by high levels of Insulin. This is of concern, especially in Indians who are found to have the lowest lung function globally.


What is Insulin Resistance?

Insulin is a hormone made by pancreas that helps to regulate your blood sugar levels. After eating a meal, your pancreas releases insulin into your bloodstream. Insulin bind to receptors in your cells which allow glucose to move into your cells to be used for energy. By moving glucose into your cells, insulin lowers your blood sugar levels back to baseline after meal. Insulin resistance occurs when your cells do not respond properly to insulin binding. As a result, your blood sugar remains elevated and your pancreas secretes insulin in an attempt to normalize blood sugar levels and fuel your cells. In simpler terms, when insulin isnt doing its job to direct sugar into cell, this is called insulin resistance. Your body thinks more and more insulin is needed to do the job, so the pancreas secretes more insulin. This is why we see high insulin levels in early stage insulin resistance. For optimal health, we want to reduce insulin resistance and improve insulin sensitivityyour cells ' ability to bind to insulin.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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