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Hiragana Words

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Last Updated: 01 November 2020

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General | Latest Info

Yes, you read that right. With only about 100 words under your belt, you can understand about 50% of all Japanese you hear or read if you choose the right words! Starting off by learning core Japanese words can be an incredible tool to reach fluency faster. Base on analysis of either newspapers, novels, or even Wikipedia pages, core 100 words in a language can make up between 50% and 60% of what you hear or read. Think about that moment. With only 100 words, you could understand 50% of write Japanese. With 1000 words, you understand about 70%, while 10 000 words equals about 92%. You have to learn 10 times the amount of words to increase your understanding by only 20%! Why do these words show up so much? Some of these 100 words are constantly used. For example, etc., Are in almost every sentence in Japanese, in the same way that aa, athe, or aanda are in most English sentences. These words are called particles, and while theyare good to know, theyare not the focus of this article. Japanese particles are the most popular Japanese words by frequency because theyare used to connect all other words. Without particles, sentence would sound like Tarzan-style speech. Each particle tells the listener how the word before it relates to the word after it, so theyare crucial to know and understand. The thing is, particles are not very helpful as acore wordsa because theyare more about grammar than the content of a sentence. Thatas why Iall stick to other core words you should know for now. The rest of core words are simple Japanese words that are easy to remember because youall see them so often, in different contexts. I should point out this isnat your general beginneras word list. Itas list of most common words to start with if youare studying by word-frequency method. But you can also pair what you learn here with essential Japanese words and phrases for beginners, like greetings. Combining two will help make sure you know all the words and phrases youall hear most often, and all the words you want to say to make basic sentences. Youall be way ahead of the game! With that in mind, these 101 core Japanese words are words you should learn now, whether youare beginner or intermediate Japanese learner. They include pronouns, nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and conjugations. Once you master these first 101, you can work on building up to 1 000 or even 10 000! E aa£aai one more tip: If you havenat yet, learn how to read and understand Hiragana and Katakana. It will help you learn how to pronounce Japanese words properly and will make reading easier.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words

Common responses to questions

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Every daymai nichi
Sometimesjiji
Nowima
Lateratode
Maybetabun

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Hello/Good daykonnichiwa
Hello (on the phone/Skype)moshi moshi
How are you?ogenki desu ka?>
Im good.genki desu
Long time no see.oshashiburidesu

Table2

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Pleaseonegaishimasu
Thank you so muchdoumo arigatou gozaimasu
Excuse mesumimasen
Im sorrygomennasai
Youre welcomedouitashimashite

Table3

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Are you busy now?ima isogashii desu ka?
What are you plans this weekend?konshuumatsu yotei ga arimasu ka?
How is your family?Kazoku no minasan wa ikaga desu ka?
Tell me about yourselfjiko shoukai o onegaishimasu
What do you think??dou omoimasu ka?

Table4

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
How do you say that in English?sore wa eigo de nanto iimasu ka?
I dont understand.wakarimasen
I forgotwasuremashita
I dont know.shirimasen
Can you please say it slowly??moto yukkuri hanshite?

Table5

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Thats a good questionSore wa yoishitsu mondesu ne
Alrightdaijoubu
Wait a momentchotto matte kudasai
Dont worrykuyokuyo suru na
Oopsottotto

Table6

EnglishJapaneseTransliteration
Thank you for your timeo isogashii tokoro arigatou gozaimashita
see you laterjaa mata
see youmatane
Goodbyesayounara
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The 8 Core Japanese Pronouns

Table

KaraokeKaraokeRamenRamenKarateKarate
Alcohol(O-)sakeSushiSushiMountainYama
AnimeAnimeMangaMangaDogInu
CatNekoTeaOchaWaterMizu
SeaUmiFireHiBambooTake
HillOkaTreeKiGrassKusa
PersonHitoCarKurumaYenEn
FlowerHanaSoundOtoSkySora
MouthKuchiHandTeLeg/footAshi
EarMimiManOtokoWomanOn'na
SunHi/taiy oStoneIshiRiverKawa
VillageMuraTownMachiBugMushi
CountrysideInakaGroundTsuchiBookHon
NameNamaeStrengthChikaraEye(s)Me
KingOQueenJo' oRainAme
GoldKinSilverGinMoneyOkane
SchoolGakk oThreadItoYearToshi
CloudKumoSongUtaFishSakana
FaceKaoCowUshiShapeKatachi

Pronouns in the Japanese language are used less frequently than they would be in many other languages, mainly because there is no grammatical requirement to explicitly mention a subject in a sentence. So, pronouns can seldom be translated from English to Japanese on a one-on-one basis. Most Japanese pronouns are not pure: they have other meanings. In English, common pronouns have no other meaning: for example, I, you, and they have no use except as pronouns. But in Japanese, words used as pronouns have other meanings: for example, mean private or personal; mean manservant. Words Japanese speakers use to refer to other people are part of a more encompassing system of Japanese honorifics and should be understood within that frame. The choice of pronoun will depend on the speaker's social status compared to the listener, subject, and objects of statement. First person pronouns and second person pronouns are used in formal situations. In many sentences, when English speakers use pronouns I and you, they are omit in Japanese. Personal pronouns can be left out when it is clear who the speaker is talking about. When it is required to state the topic of sentence for clarity, particle wa is used but it is not required when topic can be inferred from context. Also, there are frequently used verbs that can indicate the subject of a sentence in certain circumstances: for example, kureru means give, but in sense of somebody giving something to me or somebody very close to me; while ageru also means give, but in sense of someone giving something to someone. Sentences consisting of a single adjective are often assumed to have the speaker as subject. For example, adjective sabishii can represent a complete sentence meaning I am lonely. Thus, first person pronoun is usually only used when speaker wants to put special stress on the fact that they are referring to themselves or if it is necessary to make it clear. In some situations, it can be considered uncouth to refer to listener by pronoun. If it is required to state second person explicitly, listener's surname suffix with-san or some other title is generally used. Gender differences in spoken Japanese also bring about another challenge as men and women use different pronouns to refer to themselves. Social standing also determines how a person refers to themselves, as well as how a person refers to the person they are talking to.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

TokyoTokyoKyotoKyoto
OsakaOsakaYokohamaYokohama
JapanNihon/NipponAmericaAmerika
RussiaRoshiaChinaChugoku
KoreaKankokuHokkaidoHokkaido
HonshuHonshuShikokuShikoku
KyushuKyushuOkinawaOkinawa
AsiaAjiaEuropeYoroppa
AfricaAfurikaAustraliaOsutoraria
AntarcticaNankyokutairikuIndiaIndo
Kanto RegionKanto ChihoKinki RegionKinki Chiho
Shinzo AbeAbe ShinzoBarack ObamaBaraku Obama
Tokyo SkytreeTokyo SukaitsuriiUeno ParkUeno Koen

Table3

MeterMetoruGameG emuBusBasu
PenPenSofaSofaPie/piPai
PointPointoColaKoraCoffeeKohii
TobaccoTabakoTomatoTomatoBananaBanana

Table4

PersonSingularPlural
1stIWe
2ndYouYou (all)
3rdHe/she/itThey

Table5

PersonSingularPlural
1stWata(ku)shi BokuWata(ku)shitachi Bokutachi
2ndAnataAnatatachi
3rdKare (He) Kanojo (She)Karera (They) Kanojotachi (They)

Table7

Close to SpeakerClose to Listener/ Known only to SpeakerFar from Speaker and Listener/ Known to both Speaker and Listener
HereThereOver There
KokoSokoAsoko
ThisThatThat over there
KoreSoreAre
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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