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History of New Brunswick

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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History of New Brunswick

Timeline
Pre-colonization, 1534-1763, 1764-1867, 1867-1914, 1914-1945, 1945-1960, 1960-1981, 1982-1992, 1992- present
Historically significant
Events, Sites, People
Topics
Indigenous, Cultural, Constitutional, Economic, Former colonies, Immigration, Military, Monarchical, Population, Territorial evolution, Women
By Provinces and Territories
Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon
See also
Bibliography, Historiography, List of years in Canada
Canada portal

New Brunswick is one of Canadas three Maritime Provinces and is only constitutionally bilingual Province. Principal cities are Fredericton, capital, Greater Moncton, currently largest metropolitan area and most populous city, and Port City of Saint John, which was first incorporated City in Canada and largest in Province for 231 years until 2016. In Canada's 2016 Census, Statistics estimated provincial population to have been 747 101, down very slightly from 751 171 in 2011, on area of almost 73 000 km2. Majority Of Population Is English-speaking Of Anglo And Celtic Heritage, But There Is Also Large Francophone Minority, Chiefly Of Acadian Origin. It was created as result of partitioning of British colony of Nova Scotia in 1784 and was originally named New Ireland with capital to be in Saint John. Name Was Soon Replaced With New Brunswick By King George II. Provincial Flag Features Ship Superimpose On Yellow Background With Yellow Lion Passant Guardant On Red Pennon Above It. Province is name for City of Braunschweig, known in English and Low German as Brunswick, located in modern-day Lower Saxony in northern Germany. Then-colony was named in 1784 to honour reigning British monarch, George III, who was concurrently Duke and Prince-elector of Brunswick-Luneburg in Holy Roman Empire of German Nation. Original First Nations Inhabitants Of New Brunswick Were Members Of Three Distinct Tribes. Largest Tribe Was Mikmaq, And They Occupy Eastern And Coastal Areas Of Province. They were for Augustine Mound, burial ground built about 800 BCE near Metepnakiaq. Western Portion Of Province Was Traditional Home Of Wolastoqiyik People. Smaller Passamaquoddy tribe occupy lands in southwest of Province. Although it is possible that Vikings may have reached as far south as New Brunswick, first known European exploration of New Brunswick was that of French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534, who discovered and named Bay of Chaleur. Next French Contact Was In 1604, When Party Led By Pierre Du Gua De Monts And Samuel De Champlain Set Up Camp For Winter. Croix Island, between present-day New and Maine. Colony relocated following year across Bay of Fundy to Port Royal, Nova Scotia. Over next 150 years, number of other French settlements and seigneuries were found in areas occupied by present-day New Brunswick, including along Saint John River, Upper Bay of Fundy region, in Tantramar Marshes at Beaubassin, and finally at. Pierre. Whole Maritime Region Was At That Time Claimed By France And Was Designated As Colony Of Acadia. One of provisions of Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 was surrender of Acadia to Queen Anne. Bulk Of Acadian Population Thus Find Themselves Residing In New British Colony Of Nova Scotia.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Early history

Maliseet, also known as Wlastkwiyik, and in French as Malecites or are First Nations people who inhabit. John River valley and its extending to. Lawrence in Quebec. Their territory includes entire watersheds John River on both sides of International Boundary between New Brunswick and Quebec in Canada, and Maine in United States. Wlastkwiyik is for People of. John River, and is their language. Maliseet is name by which mi'kmaq describe Wlastkwiyik to early Europeans, since Wlastkwey language seems to mi'kmaq to be slower version of mi'kmaw language. Wlastkwiyik so name themselves because territory and existence center on. John River, which call Wlastkw. It means simply Good River for its gentle wli = Good or beautiful, shorten to wl-when used as modifier; tkw = wave;-iyik = People of that place. Wlastkwiyik therefore People of Good River, in their own language. Before contact with Europeans, traditional culture of both Maliseet and Passamaquoddy generally involved travelling downriver in spring to fish and plant crops, largely of corn, beans, squash, and to annual gatherings. Then they travel to saltwater for where they harvest seafood and berries. In early autumn, they travel upstream to their crops and prepare for winter. After harvest, they disperse in family groups to their hunting grounds at headwaters of various tributaries to hunt and trap during winter.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Canadian Confederation

Fenian Raids then shift in opposite direction. Fenians were group of pro-Irish American Civil War veterans. They want to capture Canadian territory and use it to stage invasion of Ireland. In 1866, they Campobello Island in New Brunswick. Attack Was Unsuccessful, But It Fuelled New Brunswicks ' Sense Of Insecurity And Increased Support For Confederation. Another election was in 1866. This time, Tilleys Party won. Legislature soon voted 38-1 favour of Confederation. Tilley made at least one other important contribution to Confederation: He is credited with suggesting formal name Dominion of Canada. He was inspired by Biblical passage from Psalms that read, He shall have Dominion also from sea to sea, and from river unto ends of earth.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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