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Human DNA

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material in people and nearly all other organisms. Most DNA lies in the cell core, yet a percentage of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria. Mitochondria are structures within cells that transform the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Human DNA consists of about 3 billion bases, and more than 99 percent of those bases are the same in all people. DNA bases combine up with each other, A with T and C with G, to develop units called base sets. Each base is also connected to a sugar molecule and a phosphate particle. Each strand of DNA in the double helix can work as a pattern for replicating the sequence of bases. Due to the fact that each new cell needs to have an exact duplicate of the DNA present in the old cell, this is important when cells separate.

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