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Illness

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Nami recognizes that other organizations have drawn distinctions between what diagnoses consider mental health conditions as opposed to mental illnesses. We intentionally use the terms mental health conditions and mental illness / es interchangeably. A Mental illness is a condition that affects a person's thinking, feeling,sss behavior or mood. These conditions deeply impact day - to - day living and may also affect ability to relate to others. If you have or think you might have mental illness, first thing you must know is that you are not alone. Mental health conditions are far more common than you think, mainly because people do like to, or are scar to, talk about them. However: 1 in 5 US adults experience mental illness each year, 1 in 25 US adults experience serious mental illness each year, 1 in 6 US youths aged 6 - 17 experience mental health disorder each year. 50% of all lifetime mental illnesses begin by age 14, and 75% by age 24 mental health condition isnt result of one event. Research suggests multiple, linking causes. Genetics, environment and lifestyle influence whether someone develops a mental health condition. Stressful jobs or home life make some people more susceptible, as do traumatic life events. Biochemical processes and circuits and basic brain structure may play a role, too. None of this means that youre break or that you, or your family, do something wrong. Mental illness is no one's fault. And for many people, recovery, including meaningful roles in social life, school and work, is possible, especially when you start treatment early and play a strong role in your own recovery process.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Prevent Illness

The single best way to prevent seasonal flu is to get vaccinated each year, but good health habits like avoiding people who are sick, covering your cough and washing your hands often can help stop the spread of germs and prevent respiratory illnesses like flu. There are also flu antiviral drugs that can be used to treat and prevent flu. Tips and resources below will help you learn about actions you can take to protect yourself and others from flu and help stop the spread of germs. Avoid close contact. Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too. Stay home when you are sick. If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. This will help prevent spreading your illness to others. Cover your mouth and nose. Cover your mouth and nose with tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Flu and other serious respiratory illnesses, like respiratory syncytial virus, whooping cough, and COVID - 19, are spread by cough, sneezing, or unclean hands. Clean your hands. Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. If soap and water are not available, use alcohol - base hand rub. Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives Tips on Hand washing and using alcohol - based Hand sanitizers Its SNAP Toolkit: Handwashing external icon Hand washing Resources from Its SNAP program, aims at preventing School Absenteeism by promoting Clean Hands. From School Network for Absenteeism Prevention, collaborative project of CDC, US Department of Health and Human Services and American Cleaning Institute. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. Practice other good health habits. Clean and disinfect frequently touch surfaces at home, work or school, especially when someone is ill. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. Flyer: English external icon Portuguese pdf icon French pdf icon Vietnamese pdf icon Tagalog pdf icon Chinese pdf icon Hmong pdf icon Khmer pdf icon Arabic pdf icon Samoan pdf icon Burmese pdf icon Farsi pdf icon Kirundi pdf icon Somali pdf icon Spanish pdf icon external icon

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Spotlight

Safer Farm Animal Contact exhibit Safer Farm Animal Contact exhibit training program can help you understand risks of illness and injury from farm animals, and how to protect your visitors. Complete this free online training and the Minnesota Department of Health will provide certification that your venue has learnt about these issues. Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease - causing microbes or pathogens. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person - to - person spread. Norovirus Infection Noroviruses are members of a group of viruses called caliciviruses also known previously as Norwalk - like viruses. Learn more about Norovirus, how to minimize your risk of acquiring Norovirus Infection, require reporting information, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and more. There's No Such Thing as stomach Flu complaints of stomach flu are usually Norovirus, most common cause of gastrointestinal illness. Food Safety Basics: Preventing Foodborne Illness There's lot you can do to handle and prepare your food safely. Learn what you can do to prepare, serve and store food safely. Protect others if you are experiencing diarrhea! Anyone with diarrheal illness should avoid swimming in public pools or lakes, sharing baths with others, and preparing food for others. Young children that are experiencing diarrhea should not be allowed to go swimming or attend daycare.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Conjunctivitis (pink eye)

Conjunctivitis can result from many causes, including viruses, bacteria, allergens, contact lens use, chemicals, fungi, and certain diseases. Schools should allow infected children to remain in school once any indicated therapy is implement, except when viral or bacterial conjunctivitis is accompanied by systemic signs of illness. However, infected students should refrain from attending school if their behavior is such that they cannot avoid close contact with other students. Following viruses can cause viral conjunctivitis, with adenoviruses being one of the most common causes: adenoviruses Rubella virus, Rubeola virus, Herpesviruses, including Herpes simplex virus, Varicella - zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox and shingles, Epstein - Barr virus, which also causes infectious mononucleosis picornaviruses, such as coxsackievirus A24 and enterovirus 70 viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious. Most viruses that cause conjunctivitis spread through hand - to - eye contact by hands or objects that are contaminated with infectious virus. Having contact with infectious tears, eye discharge, fecal matter, or respiratory discharges can contaminate hands. Viral conjunctivitis can also spread by large respiratory tract droplets. Depending on the cause of viral conjunctivitis, some patients may have additional symptoms or conditions, such as the following: Common cold, flu, or other respiratory infection Pharyngoconjunctivial fever - syndrome that can produce conjunctivitis as well as fever and sore throat, and is most commonly caused by infection with adenovirus serotypes 3 4, and 7 Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis - more severe type of conjunctivitis, commonly cause by infection with adenovirus serotypes 8 19, and 37 Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis - type of conjunctivitis that is Often associate with large epidemics worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Viruses most commonly associated with it include enterovirus 70, coxsackievirus A24, and adenoviruses. Herpetic keratoconjunctivitis - type of conjunctivitis associated with Herpes simplex virus and blister - like lesions on skin; It may affect only one eye. Rubella and Rubeola - conjunctivitis can occur with these viral rash illnesses which are usually accompanied by rash, fever, and cough. Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common form of bacterial conjunctivitis in outpatient healthcare settings. Bacteria that most commonly cause bacterial conjunctivitis in the United States are staphylococcus aureus Haemophilus influenzae Streptococcus pneumoniae Moraxella catarrhalis Bacterial conjunctivitis can spread from person to person, from hand - to - eye contact or via eye contact with contaminated objects. Alternatively, changes in usual bacteria that live in conjunctiva can cause conjunctivitis. Bacteria can also spread by large respiratory tract droplets. Topical antimicrobial therapy is indicated for bacterial conjunctivitis, which is usually distinguished by purulent exudate.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Diarrhea

The most common causes of acute and persistent diarrhea are infections, travelers diarrhea, and side effects of medicines. Viral infections. Many viruses cause diarrhea, including norovirus and rotavirus. Viral gastroenteritis is a common cause of acute diarrhea. Bacterial infections. Several types of bacteria can enter your body through contaminated food or water and cause diarrhea. Common bacteria that cause diarrhea include Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, salmonella, and Shigella. Parasitic infections. Parasites can enter your body through food or water and settle in your digestive tract. Parasites that cause diarrhea include Cryptosporidium enteritis, Entamoeba histolytica, and Giardia lamblia. Infections in digestive tract that spread through foods or drinks are called foodborne illnesses. Infections lasting more than 2 weeks and less than 4 weeks can cause persistent diarrhea. Travelers diarrhea is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Travelers diarrhea is most often acute. However, some parasites cause diarrhea that lasts longer. Travelers diarrhea can be a problem for people traveling to developing countries. Many medicines may cause diarrhea. Medicines that may cause diarrhea include antibiotics, antacids containing magnesium, and medicines used to treat cancer.


Symptoms

Diarrheal stools are those that take shape of a container, so they are often described as loose or watery. Some people consider diarrhea as an increase in the number of stools, but stool consistency is really a hallmark. Associate symptoms can include abdominal cramps, fever, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and urgency. Chronic diarrhea can be accompanied by weight loss, malnutrition, abdominal pain or other symptoms of underling illness. Clues for organic disease are weight loss, diarrhea that wakes you up at night, or blood in stools. These are signs that your doctor will want to do a thorough evaluation to determine the cause of your symptoms. Also, tell your doctor if you have a family history of celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, have unintentional weight loss, fever, abdominal cramping or decreased appetite. Tell your doctor if you experience bulky, greasy or very bad smelling stools.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Headaches

A headache is pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck. Common types of headaches include tension headaches, Migraine or cluster headaches, sinus headaches, and headaches that begin in your neck. You may have mild headache with cold, flu, or other viral illnesses when you also have low fever. Some headaches are a sign of a more serious problem and need medical attention right away. Digre KB. Headaches and other head pain. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman - Cecil Medicine. 26 ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020: chap 370. Garza I, Schwedt TJ, Robertson CE, Smith JH. Headache and other craniofacial pain. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7 ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016: chap 103. Russi CS, Walker L. Headache. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche - Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9 ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018: chap 17.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein - Barr virus. A variant of mononucleosis that is milder than EBV infectious mononucleosis is caused by cytomegalovirus. Both EBV and CMV are members of the herpes virus family: in the US, most adults between 35 and 40 years old have been infected with Epstein - Barr virus. This is a very common virus. When children are infected with a virus, they usually do not experience any noticeable symptoms. However, uninfected adolescents and young adults who come in contact with the virus may develop illness very similar to infectious mononucleosis. The Epstein - Barr virus may cause infectious mononucleosis in adolescents and young adults. However, even after symptoms of infectious mononucleosis have disappear, EBV will remain dormant in throat and blood cells during that person's lifetime. Virus can reactivate periodically, however, usually without symptoms.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

Table

People having a manic episode may:People having a depressive episode may:
Feel very up, high, elated, or irritable or touchyFeel very sad, down, empty, worried, or hopeless
Feel jumpy or wiredFeel slowed down or restless
Have a decreased need for sleepHave trouble falling asleep, wake up too early, or sleep too much
Have a loss of appetiteExperience increased appetite and weight gain
Talk very fast about a lot of different thingsTalk very slowly, feel like they have nothing to say, forget a lot
Feel like their thoughts are racingHave trouble concentrating or making decisions
Think they can do a lot of things at onceFeel unable to do even simple things
Do risky things that show poor judgment, such as eat and drink excessively, spend or give away a lot of money, or have reckless sexHave little interest in almost all activities, a decreased or absent sex drive, or an inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia)
Feel like they are unusually important, talented, or powerfulFeel hopeless or worthless, think about death or suicide

Mental illness, also called Mental Health Disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions. Disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors. Many people have mental health concerns from time to time. But mental health concern becomes mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function. Mental illness can make you miserable and can cause problems in your daily life, such as at school or work or in relationships. In most cases, symptoms can be managed with a combination of medications and TALK Therapy.


Why Is Mental Health Important?

Mental disorders are among the most common causes of disability. The resulting disease burden of mental illness is among the highest of all diseases. In any given year, estimate 18. 1% of US adults age 18 years or older suffer from any mental illness and 4. 2% suffer from seriously debilitating mental illness. 1 Neuropsychiatric disorders are the leading cause of disability in the United States, accounting for 18. 7% of all years of life are lost to disability and premature mortality. 2 Moreover, suicide is 10 leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for the deaths of approximately 43 000 Americans in 2014. 3 4 mental health and physical health are closely connect. Mental health plays a major role in people's ability to maintain good physical health. Mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, affect people's ability to participate in health - promoting behaviors. In turn, problems with physical health, such as chronic diseases, can have serious impact on mental health and decrease persons ability to participate in treatment and recovery.


Understanding Mental Health and Mental Disorders

The existing model for understanding mental health and mental disorders emphasizes interaction of social, environmental, and genetic factors throughout lifespan. In behavioral health, researchers identify: risk factors, which predispose individuals to mental illness. Protective factors, which protect them from developing mental disorders. Researchers now know that prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders is inherently interdisciplinary and draws on a variety of different strategies. 6 Over the past 20 years, research on prevention of mental disorders has progress. Understanding of how the brain functions under normal conditions and in response to stressors, combined with knowledge of how the brain develops over time, has been essential to that progress. Major areas of progress include evidence that: MEB disorders are common and begin early in life. The greatest opportunity for prevention is among young people. There are multiyear effects of multiple preventive interventions on reducing substance abuse, conduct disorder, antisocial behavior, aggression, and child maltreatment. The incidence of depression among pregnant women and adolescents can be reduced School - base violence prevention can reduce the rate of aggressive problems in average school by 25 to 33 percent There are potential indicated preventive interventions for schizophrenia. Improving family functioning and positive parenting can have positive outcomes on mental health and can reduce poverty - relate risk School - base preventive Interventions aim at Improving social and emotional outcomes can also improve academic outcomes Interventions targeting families dealing with adversities, such as parental depression or divorce, can be effective in reducing risk for depression among children and increasing effective parenting Some preventive Interventions have benefits that exceed costs, with available evidence strongest for early childhood Interventions Implementation is complex, and it is important that Interventions be relevant to target audiences progress identify above has lead to stronger understanding of importance of Protective factors. The 2009 Institute of Medicine report advocates multidisciplinary prevention strategies at community level that support the development of children in healthy social environments. 7 in addition to advancements in prevention of mental disorders, there continues to be steady progress in treating mental disorders as new drugs and stronger evidence - base outcomes become available.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Some people with Crypto will have no symptoms at all. Symptoms usually last about 1 to 2 weeks in people with healthy immune systems. Occasionally, people may experience recurrence of symptoms after a brief period of recovery before the illness ends. Symptoms can come and go for up to 30 days. While the small intestine is the site most commonly affect, in immunocompromised persons Cryptosporidium infections could possibly affect other areas of the digestive tract or respiratory tract. People with weakened immune systems may develop serious, chronic, and sometimes fatal illnesses. Examples of people with weakened immune systems include:

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Safer Farm Animal Contact exhibit Safer Farm Animal Contact exhibit training program can help you understand risks of illness and injury from farm animals, and how to protect your visitors. Complete this free online training and the Minnesota Department of Health will provide certification that your venue has learnt about these issues. Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease - causing microbes or pathogens. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person - to - person spread. Norovirus Infection Noroviruses are members of a group of viruses called caliciviruses also known previously as Norwalk - like viruses. Learn more about Norovirus, how to minimize your risk of acquiring Norovirus Infection, require reporting information, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and more. There's No Such Thing as stomach Flu complaints of stomach flu are usually Norovirus, most common cause of gastrointestinal illness. Food Safety Basics: Preventing Foodborne Illness There's lot you can do to handle and prepare your food safely. Learn what you can do to prepare, serve and store food safely. Protect others if you are experiencing diarrhea! Anyone with diarrheal illness should avoid swimming in public pools or lakes, sharing baths with others, and preparing food for others. Young children that are experiencing diarrhea should not be allowed to go swimming or attend daycare. If you have questions or comments about this page, use our IDEPC Comment Form or call 651 - 201 - 5414 for MDH Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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