Immune Thrombocytopenia

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 03 May 2022

Immune thrombocytopenia is a disorder characterized by a blood irregularity called thrombocytopenia, which is a shortage of blood cells called platelets that are required for normal blood clotting. Affected people can develop purple or red spots on the skin caused by hemorrhaging just under the skin's surface area. People with immune thrombocytopenia can have significant blood loss episodes, such as nose bleeds or bleeding in the damp cellular lining of the mouth. While immune thrombocytopenia can be detected at any age, there are 2 durations when the problem is most likely to develop: early youth and late their adult years. Immune thrombocytopenia in children is usually come before by a minor infection, such as upper respiratory infection, however the relationship between the infection and immune thrombocytopenia is not clear. The bleeding arises from abnormally low levels of platelets, the cells that help embolism. Previously understood as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP can cause purple swellings, in addition to small reddish-purple dots that resemble a breakout. Children might develop ITP after a viral infection and usually recover completely without treatment. Treatment may consist of drugs to boost your platelet count or surgical procedure to eliminate your spleen if your symptoms are more serious. Make an appointment with your physician if you or your child develops indication that worry you. Hemorrhaging that will not quit is a clinical emergency situation. Without sufficient platelets, a person with ITP can have hemorrhaging under the skin or from injury and capillary damage. A person with ITP often might have purple bruises brought on by bleeding from small blood vessels under the skin. Symptoms and signs of blood loss caused by ITP may include the following: Purplish or discoloration areas on the skin or inside the mouth; Tiny red places on the skin that might resemble a rash; A swelling under the skin created by collected embolism; Nosebleeds; Bleeding from the gum tissues while cleaning teeth or after oral work; Blood in urine or stool; Feeling extremely worn out.

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