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Indian Racial Slurs

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Last Updated: 23 November 2020

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Teams of attorneys and linguistics experts argue that this demonstrates that the term has never really been disparagingjust, robust informal synonym for American Indian, which dictionaries only started to label AS offensive in response to political pressure from a few Indian activists. But lexicographers are creatures of their age, and before the 60s, members of dominant culture were selective in their sensitivities. Merriam-Websters monumental Third International, published in 1961, warns its readers of nigger, chink, and kike, but it does feel need to indicate that some people might also take offense at white trash, gook, wetback, pansy and fag. Not that those words hadnt been derogatory or demeaning all along. It is just that lexicographers and most everyone else werent capable of imagining how those words would land on people they target. Redskin, too, has been derogatory for a long time. It was recently discovered that the word actually began its life in English 200 years ago AS translation of an Indian term, via Frenchit. Didnt have anything to do with those stories about bounties for bloody Indian scalps. But then niggers had benign origin, AS well. Since the mid-19 century, redskin has simply been a slang word white men use for Indian, and like all slang words, it was infused with attitudes about things its name. In passages from books and newspapers and movie clips we provide Court to document words ' history, word is inevitably associated with contempt, derision, condescension, or sentimental paeans to noble savage. It couldnt have been otherwisewhat other attitudes were out there? That all starts to change in the 60s, though it takes dictionaries a while to catch up. The sea change in social attitudes that led to the civil rights acts of 1964 and 1965 also transformed the way we talk about race and ethnicity. That was when we collectively acknowledged that every group was entitled to control its own linguistic destiny, and decide what it should and shouldnt be calledthat. Groups had the right to define themselves. The principle had far-reaching consequences. When decade open, liberal-mind people refer to Negroes, while the unreconstructed rear guard still talk about coloreds. A decades ago, pretty much everybody was using blacks. Over the following decades, orientals become Asians queers become gays, and new terms Latino, Hispanic, and Chicano were added to the vocabulary. And old word slur acquired new meaning to refer to words that convey ethnic or racial insult, one whose use was not just unkind, but AS social thought crime. Not even vocal reactions against political correctness in later decades call the right of self-naming into serious question. Those on the cultural right may ridicule PC ideas about race and gender, but in their public discussions theyre AS fastidious AS anybody else about avoiding words that are regarded as offensive or simply outmoded. We cannot ignore our 81-year history, team owner Dan Snyder insists, and neither should anyone else.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Chinky-momo-corona!

Guwahati: With the Outbreak of Coronavirus, instances of Racial Discrimination against people of the Northeast have once again come to the fore in mainland India. Not that it didn't happen earlier, But now, instead of the usual prejudiced terms like 'momo, Chinky, chowmein', people are being outrightly called 'Coronavirus'. Coronavirus, name For novel Virus which originated in China in January this year, has now acquired a whole new meaning-that is to catcall anyone with Mongoloid features; also, blaming and shaming them for 'eating everything that moves'. Speaking With EastMojo, Alana Golmei, advocate and chairperson of NE Support Centre and Helpline in New Delhi, say, I caught Coronavirus while roaming in NCERT Campus with friend from Meghalaya. Reiterating the incident, she said that a group of four-five NCERT staff were standing, and as Golmei and her friend come closer to them, one gentleman say: Coronavirus aa gaya. On confronting, people apologise, but Golmei raises concerns, saying, If person like me also face discrimination, then think about young people. Such taunts are provoking and discriminatory, she say. Earlier last month, advocate wrote a letter to Satyendra Garg, joint secretary, Chairman, Monitoring Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs, about Northeast People and those with Mongoloid features being termed As Coronavirus. She write, since the crisis of Coronavirus disease was Report in China, other non-Northeastern Indians in metro cities have started calling Northeasterners 'Coronavirus' in the same way they've called them 'Chinki, ' MOMO, ' Chinese' and 'Chowmein. ' narrating time When she Face Discrimination, Golmei also added accounts of several others to highlight the intensity of the issue. On 23 February when I visited Dilli Haat, lady from Ladakh sitting in one of the stalls, narrate to me that some people in the streets of Delhi call her Coronavirus. She was quite upset and say, 'I tried to explain to them that we are not Chinese, but they refused to listen and kept calling me Coronavirus. She mentions two instances of people WHO facing such jeering, one in Delhi and another in Mumbai. She calls out concerned authorities for not taking exemplary action against people passing such racist slurs, therefore ones on doing end are taking this lightly. In the letter, she appealed to come out with strong Advisory To All Concern institutions, offices and universities. Speaking With EastMojo, Pamziuliu Gonmei, 26-year-old assistant professor at University of Delhi, say, within this month., I've been called 'Coronavirus' by strangers twice. On March 10, young boy at India Gate walked past her and say, ye toh Chinese hai, Corona, Corona, and in another instance, she was walking in her colony in Mukherjee Nagar, when two boys pointed out to her and say, ye Corona. Her younger sister, Ranchungailiu Gonmei, 23, WHO is pursuing her Masters in English Literature from DU, also faces indirect discrimination.

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On racial discrimination

The large scale exodus of North Eastern migrants in 2012 from different cities stands as a watershed which is worth reflecting on. Rumours of attacks on them in retaliation to killings of Muslims in Assam generate fear psychosis. To escape fear, migration back to the North East appears to be the only option. The stabbing of 22-year-old Tibetan student, Tenzin Dhargiyial in Mysore, who looked like someone from the North East further added fuel to the exodus. It is noteworthy that perceived fear of migrants lay in their different phenotypes and, secondly, murder of Tibetan student also lay in his phenotype irrespective of the fact that he had no link with the North East. Prejudices and stereotypes rooted in the ideology of racism lead to exodus of panic stricken North-easterners from urban centres. The underlying phenomenon of racial discrimination and stigmatization has been around for a while and has manifested itself on many occasions in violent forms. The killing of 19-year-old Loitam Richard from Manipur in Bengaluru in 2012; mysterious murder of 21-year-old Reingamphy Awungshi from Manipur in DELHI in 2013; and the brutal killing of 20-year-old Nido Taniam from Arunachal Pradesh in DELHI in 2014 are few incidents pointing in such direction. It was only after large-scale protests both within the North East and outside that the Indian Home Ministry was forced to constitute the Bezbaruah committee to look into the matter of discrimination and violence against North Eastern people. Despite recommendations of this committee to bring in changes to provisions of the Indian Penal Code to deal with racial attacks, not much progress has been make.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Topic Summary

Data was obtained from an original, nationally representative, probabilitybased telephone Survey of US adults, conducted from January 26 to April 9 2017. The survey was jointly designed by Harvard Chan School of Public Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and National Public Radio. SSRS administer Survey. Because Harvard researchers were not directly involved in data collection and deidentified datasets were used for analysis, study was determined to be not Human subjects Research by Harvard Chan School of Public Health Office of Human Research Administration. The full sample includes 3453 US adults aged 18 years and older, and this paper examines subsample of 342 Native Americans and 902 nonHispanic whites. Potential respondents were told the surveyor was calling on behalf of Harvard School of Public Health and National Public Radio, and the purpose of the survey was to conduct research about some interesting issues in America today. Screening questions regarding racial identities were asked at the beginning of the survey, and all questions about racial / ethnic identity were based on respondents' selfidentification. If respondents identify as multiracial, interviewers ask which race they identify with most. Respondents were asked if they identify as American Indian or Alaska Native, following language used by the US Census, and volunteered responses of Native Americans were also allow. In all followup questions for Native American respondents, question wording use term Native American, following the language most commonly used. This method of screening also allows interviewers to use appropriate language in Survey questions to describe or refer to the respondent's own identity. For example, this allowed questions to be read as do you experience because you are? Rather than because of your race or ethnicity? The Completion rate for this Survey was 74 percent among respondents who answered initial demographic screening questions, with a 10 percent overall response rate, calculated based on the American Association for Public Opinion Research's RR3 formula. 27 Because data from this study was drawn from probability sample and uses the best available sampling and weighting practices in polling methods, they are expected to provide accurate results consistent with surveys with higher response rates 28 29 and are therefore reliably generalizable to broader populations of white and Native American adults, within margin of error of 4. 7 percentage points 8. 0 percentage points at 95 percent confidence interval. See Benson, BenPorath, and Casey for further description of survey methodology. 30 poll asked about adults' experiences of racial discrimination. We conceptualize racial discrimination as differential or unfair treatment of individuals based on selfidentified-race, whether by individuals or social institutions. 15 21 31 We analyze 18 questions from the Survey, covering six institutional and six interpersonal areas of discrimination. Institutional areas include health care, employment, education, housing, political participation, and police and courts. Interpersonal areas include racial slurs, microaggressions, racial fear, sexual harassment, being threatened or nonsexually harass, and violence.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Take Action

Fifty years ago, National Congress of American Indians, National governing body formed to express Indian Countrys unify will, took a groundbreaking step to foster better understanding of how disparaging words and symbols dehumanize Native people. Through resolution, it launched a formal campaign to teach the public about how Native-theme names and mascots harm Native people socially, psychologically and academically, and to eradicate those names and mascots from the sports landscape once and for all. Witness its adoption by team owner George Preston Marshall, avowed racist who fought fervently against integrating African American players. Back by White supremacists with slogans such as Keep Redskins White, Marshall was ultimately forced to add African American players to his team in 1962, seven years after the rest of the League. Upon his death, his will mandated that none of his money be used for any purpose which supports or employs the principle of racial integration in any form. Reasonable people open to learning these facts and stories recognize the need, as NAACP President Derrick Johnson put it, to throw this dictionary-define racial slur into the dustbin of history, where it belong. Reasonable people see the hypocrisy of the Washington team clutching to its mascot when the National Football League wouldnt dare name new franchise Blackskins, Yellowskins or Brownskins to denote other people of color. Reasonable people understand that to reassociate this slur with Robert F. Kennedy by relocating teams home Field to the old RFK Stadium site next to the new memorial in his name would desecrate the Kennedy legacy of racial justice that places Native people at its core. Reasonable people get that it is about making a simple, moral choice to be on the right side of history. Yet current team owner Daniel Snyder feels he shouldnt have to get it. He believes that his billionaire status and popularity of the product he peddles absolve him from extending a modicum of respect to tribal nations and peoples. He is betting that through few, window-dressing donations to tribal communities, coupled with annual exercises in disingenuous pageantry such as this month's American Indian Heritage Month charade at FedEx Field, he can avoid doing what a growing number of Americans understand is the right thing to do. Tribal nations fight against these mascots because they demean us and dismiss the fact we are still here. Despite everything do to us, we have persevere, and more and more we are thriving. We are 6 million people and 600 nations strong, and we are perfectly capable of telling our own stories of who we were and who we are today. We do need others to tell the world about who they think we are through offensive mascots that do nothing but dishonor and misrepresent us.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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