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Indoor Pollution

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

From smog hanging over cities to smoke inside home, air pollution poses major threat to health and climate. Ambient air pollution accounts for estimated 4. 2 million deaths per year due to stroke, disease, lung cancer, acute and chronic respiratory diseases. Around 91 percentage of world's population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limit. While ambient air pollution affects developed and developing countries alike, low - and middle - income countries experience highest burden, with greatest toll in WHO Western Pacific and South - East Asia regions. Sources of air pollution multiple and context - specific. Major outdoor sources include residential energy for cooking and heating, vehicles, power generation, agriculture / waste incineration, and industry. Policies and investments supporting integrated policies that sustainable land use, cleaner household energy and transport, energy - efficient housing, power generation, industry, and better municipal waste management can effectively reduce key sources of ambient air pollution. Air quality is closely linked to climate and ecosystems globally. Many drivers of air pollution also sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Policies to reduce air pollution, therefore, offer win - win strategy for both climate and health, lowering burden of disease attributable to air pollution, as well as contributing to near - and long - term mitigation of climate change. Exposure to smoke from cooking causes 3. 8 million premature deaths each year, mostly in low - and middle income countries. Burning fuels such as dung, wood and coal in inefficient stoves or open hearths produces variety of health - damaging pollutants, including particulate matter, methane, carbon monoxide, polyaromatic hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds. Burning kerosene in simple wick lamps produces significant emissions of fine particles and other pollutants.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Endnotes

Latest Study Can Be Found At Website Of Lancet Here: Thelancet. Com / GBD 2017 Study was published as GBD 2017 Factor Collaborators - Global, Regional, and national comparative Risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990 - 2017: systematic analysis for Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 and is online here. Who - fact sheet N292 - Household Air and Health. Update March 2014. Online here. In 2017, estimated number of for low - SDI countries from indoor air pollution was 592 000. Number Of Homicides For This Group Of Countries Was 56 800. This means number of deaths attributed to indoor air pollution was around ten times higher than deaths from homicide. This is taken from WHO - fuel for household energy and health. Online here. World Health Organization. Who guidelines Indoor Air Quality: Household fuel combustion. World Health Organization. This table is taken from WHO - fuel for Household energy and Health. Online here. Http: / apps. Who. Int / iris / handle 10665 / 43421 Notes by original source: 1. Strong evidence: Many studies of solid fuel use in developing countries, are supported evidence from studies of active and passive smoking, urban air pollution and biochemical or laboratory studies. Moderate evidence: At least three studies of solid fuel use in developing countries, supported by evidence from studies active smoking and on animals. Moderate I: strong evidence for specific / sex groups. Moderate II: limited evidence. 2. Relative Risk indicates how many times more likely disease is to occur in people exposed to indoor air pollution in unexposed people. 3. Confidence interval represents uncertainty range. Wide intervals indicate precision; narrow intervals indicate greater precision.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Household air pollution: Pollutants

Around 3 billion people still cook solid fuels and kerosene on open fires and inefficient stoves. Most of these are poor, and live in low - and middle - income countries. These cooking practices are inefficient, and use fuels and technologies that produce high levels of household air pollution with range of health - damaging pollutants, including small soot particles that penetrate deep into lungs. In poorly ventilated dwellings, smoke can be 100 times higher than acceptable levels for fine particles. Exposure is particularly high among women and young children, WHO most time near domestic health

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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