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Infectious Colitis

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

Colon, Or Large Intestine, Is Hollow, Muscular Tube That Processes Waste Products Of Digestion From Small Intestine, Removes Water, And Ultimately Eliminates Remnants Such As Feces Through Anus. Colon is located within peritoneum, sac that contains intestine, located in abdominal cavity. Colon is surrounded by layers of tissue. Innermost Layer Of Colon Is Mucosa That Comes Into Contact With Waste Products Of Digestion. Mucosa absorbs water and electrolytes back into blood vessels that are located just below surface of submucosa. This is surrounded by circular layer of muscles and then another outer layer of longitudinal muscles that run along length of colon. Muscles work together to rhythmically squeeze liquid waste from cecum through entire length of colon. Water is gradually remove, turning waste into formed stool, so that it is excreted out of anus in solid form. Colon frames organs within peritoneum, and its segments are named based on their location. Colon usually begins in right lower quadrant of abdomen, where terminal ileum, last part of small intestine, attaches to cecum, first segment of colon. Appendix Is Attached To Cecum. Ascending colon begins at cecum and arises from right lower abdomen to right upper abdomen near liver. Colon Then Makes Sharp Left Turn Called Hepatic Flexure, And Is Referred To As Transverse Colon, As It Makes Its Way To Left Upper Quadrant Of Abdomen Near Spleen. There is sharp downward turn called splenic flexure, and it is referred to as descending colon as it runs from left upper quadrant to left lower quadrant of abdomen. When it descends into pelvis, it is referred to as sigmoid colon. Last Several Centimeters Of Colon Are Referred To As Rectum. Anus is final portion of colon. Many bacteria reside in colon;ss they live in harmony with body and cause no symptoms. However, some infections can result if bacteria, or parasites invade small and / or large intestine. Campylobacter, Shigella, E. Yersinia, Salmonella. These infections usually occur because patients have contaminated food. Symptoms can include diarrhea with or without blood, cramps, and dehydration from water loss because of numerous watery, bowel movements. Other organs also be affected by infection or toxins that bacteria can produce. Clostridium difficile, commonly referred to as C. Diff, is bacterial cause of colitis that often occurs after person has been prescribed antibiotics or has been hospitalize. C. Diff is found in colons of healthy people and coexists with other normal bacteria. But when antibiotics are susceptible bacteria in colon can be destroy, allowing clostridia to grow unchecked, causing colitis.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Diet

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is name for group of diseases in which there is inflammation of digestive tract. Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis ARE most common types of inflammatory Bowel Disease. While there is no specific recommended diet for people with IBD, doctors and specialists recommend low - residue diet for people with inflammatory Bowel Disease. Nutritionists, registered dieticians, and other health - care professionals can recommend specific create meal plans, and recommend vitamins and other nutritional supplements. Foods to avoid with IBD examples of foods avoid that may trigger symptoms include if you have IBD include products alcohol, diary products, fatty, fry, and spicy foods, beans, and creamy sauces. Examples of low - residue diet that may help relieve symptoms after flares disease ARE plain cereals, can fruit, rice, oatmeal, and bananas.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Recent findings

Hopes of developing new treatment for ulcerative Colitis have been raised by research suggesting condition may be linked to low levels of certain bacteria in gut. Ulcerative Colitis is long - term condition in which colon becomes inflame. According to NHS, it is thought to be autoimmune disease and affects one in every 420 people in UK. Sufferers need to empty their bowels frequently, develop ulcers their colon and have recurring bouts of diarrhoea with blood and pus in faeces. While number of medicines can help manage condition, ulcerative colitis can only be cured by removing colon. However, about half of those who have this surgery go on to have inflammation in area of small intestine that is reconstructed into pouch to serve as rectum. Such inflammation treated with antibiotics. Now researchers say patients who have had this surgery for ulcerative Colitis have lower levels of certain acids in their faeces, fewer bacteria that produce them, than those who have had surgery for other reasons. Team Say Results Shed Light On Why Latter Have Far Lower Risk Of Inflammation In Their Pouch. They say it also offers insights into ulcerative colitis itself, with experiments in mice suggesting inflammatory bowel diseases could be treated by introducing these missing into colon. Dr Aida Habtezion, co - author of study from Stanford University, told Guardian findings suggest new approach to treating ulcerative Colitis could be develop, based on introducing microbes or substances they produce. Many patients find current treatments do not work or have - effects. I think it brings another mechanism, natural in which we can reconstitute and hopefully treat our patients, Habtezion say. Writing in journal Cell Host & Microbe, team report how they studied two groups of patients who had had their colons removed and pouches create. For one group, of 17 patients, this surgery was to treat ulcerative Colitis whereas for other group, of seven patients, it was because of different conditions that do not involve inflammation. Certain bacteria in gut are known to convert bile acids, produced by liver, into other substances, called secondary bile acids - These substances have recently been suggested to have anti - inflammatory role. Team Analyse Faeces From Patients In Each Group, Finding That Patients Treated For Ulcerative Colitis Had Far Lower Levels Of Certain Secondary Bile Acids Than Other Group. Their faeces contain less evidence of bacterial genes necessary for production of these substances. They also had less diverse bacteria in their faeces than other group, and more specifically, far lower of ruminococcaceae. Such bacteria are among those able to convert bile acids secondary bile acids. Experiments in mice with three different conditions comparable to ulcerative Colitis or Crohns disease - another disease where parts of digestive system become inflamed - offer further insights.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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