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Innocomb Lice Comb

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Head lice are found worldwide. In the United States, head lice infestations are seen most often among preschool children attending child care, elementary school children, and household members of infested children, including adults. It is estimated that in the US, 6 million to 12 million infestations occur each year among children 3-11 years of age. Head lice cannot hop or fly. They move by crawling and can move very quickly. Head lice are spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person. Anyone who has head-to-head contact for any length of time with someone who already has head lice is at risk for infestation. It is uncommon for head lice to be spread by contact with clothing or other personal items used by an infested person. Personal hygiene or cleanliness of infested persons home or school has nothing to do with getting head lice. First, look at people's hair, close to scalp around ears and across the back of neck. Then carefully check the rest of head. Separate hair strand carefully while looking. Nits are small, white to chocolate brown, oval-shape eggs that are glue to hair near scalp. Nits are more easily see than live lice. 2. Treat Treat only those household members who have head lice. Treat the heads of those you find infested with lice treatment product. Lice treatment products are available over-counter at drugstores, grocery stores, and some medical clinics. There are some products that can only be prescribed by a medical provider. These products will not kill all lice and nits, but they are the best way to get the process start. Carefully follow directions on the package or those that your healthcare provider give you. Using more treatment, reapplying it sooner than recommend, or keeping it on hair longer than directed will not make it work better or faster and can increase the risk of toxic side effects in person being Treat. After treatment, comb infest persons hair with a lice-removal comb to remove lice and nits. Nit combs with long, round, metal teeth tend to be sturdier and more effective. Try to remove every nit and any lice you find. Its OK if you ca get them all on your first try. Just spend time every day until you do get them all. Combing hair in the opposite direction of normal brushing will help you find more eggs. Nit picking can also be done by hand, using your fingernails or tweezers. Get rid of nits in the sink, toilet, or garbage. Vacuum around the area where you were combing out nits. Both people should change their clothes afterwards comb, using nit comb daily for seven days, or until you no longer find any lice or eggs. This step takes the most time, energy, and patience. Combing is the most important step!

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The condition

Head lice medicines

Permethrin lotion (1%)Available without a prescription Apply to shampood and towel-dried hair; then rinse off after 10 minutes Kills lice; does not kill lice eggs Retreatment is recommended between days 9 and 10 if live lice are seen Approved for use in children 2 months and olderNix
Pyrethrin-based product (shampoo or hair mousse)Available without a prescription. Apply to dry hair and rinse off after 10 minutes. Kills lice; does not kill lice eggs. Retreatment is recommended between days 9 and 10 if live lice are seen. Approved for use in children 2 years and older. Should not be used in people who are allergic to chrysanthemums.RID A-200 Pronto, RC, Triple X, Licide
Malathion lotion (0.5%)Prescription needed. Apply to dry hair and rinse off after 8-12 hours. Kills lice and lice eggs. A second treatment is recommended in 7-9 days if live lice are seen. Approved for use in children 6 years or older. Not recommended for children younger than 24 months. Flammable; may cause chemical burns.Ovide
Benzyl alcohol lotion (5%)Prescription needed. Apply to dry hair and rinse off after 10 minutes. Repeat in 9-10 days. Kills lice; does not kill lice eggs. Contains no neurotoxic pesticide. Approved for use in infants and children 6 months and older. Not recommended for infants younger than 6 months.Ulesfia
Spinosad topical suspension (0.9%)Prescription needed. Apply to dry hair and rinse off after 10 minutes. Kills lice and lice eggs. A second treatment is recommended in 7 days if live lice are seen. Approved for use in infants and children 6 months and older. Not recommended for infants younger than 6 months.Natroba
Ivermectin lotion (0.5%)No prescription needed Apply to dry hair and rinse off after 10 minutes. Kills lice; does not kill lice eggs. However, may prevent newly hatched lice from living. Only 1 application is needed. Approved for use in infants and children 6 months and older. Not recommended for infants younger than 6 months.Sklice

Head lice are tiny, 6-legged insects about this long. They may be grayish white. If they are filled with blood, they will look red. They do not have wings, so they cannot fly. They do not jump but they can move very fast. This makes it hard to find them in hair. Nits are eggs of lice. They look like bits of dandruff in hair but do not flake off when touch. They are stuck to hair. They are about this size. Nits may be yellowish white to brown. Head lice attach their nits to the hair shaft with waterproof glue. Eggs are laid close to the scalp where the temperature is warm and constant. It is the perfect place for them to grow and hatch. Look for nits on the back of neck and behind ears. Usually the first sign of head lice is intense itching. Lice do not pass along disease. However, if skin is scratched open, sores can get infect.


What are head lice?

Regular checks for head lice are a good way to spot head lice before they have time to multiply and infest your child's head. Seat your child in a brightly lit room. Part hair. Look for crawling lice and for nits on your child's scalp section at time. Live lice are hard to find. They avoid light and move quickly. Nits will look like small white or yellow-brown specks and be firmly attached to hair near scalp. The easiest place to find them is at hairline at back of the neck or behind the ears. Nits can be confused with many other things such as dandruff, dirt particles, or hair spray droplets. The way to tell the difference is that nits are firmly attached to hair, while dandruff, dirt, or other particles are not. Use a fine-tooth comb to help you search the scalp section by section.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The intervention

An almost inexhaustible list could be made of interventions that have been tried to treat head lice. There are different categories of head lice treatments; topical and oral agents, physical methods and other measures. The most common interventions are discussed below and are shown in Table 1. Historically, louse control was achieved by physical means such as combing, picking out lice by hand or by shaving hair. These physical means were also sometimes coupled with the use of naturally occurring medicines, which are still used extensively in poorer parts of the world, as modern alternatives are often too expensive or not available. In the UK, combing method know as bug busting is also used to control head lice. This method requires hair to be wet comb for 30 minutes every third or fourth day using a special comb. This comb makes it easier to remove lice as well as eggs, because it is finer toothed than a regular detection comb. Similar methods have been used elsewhere. Systematic database search leads to the conclusion that there is some evidence that wet combing is an effective treatment. Although it is a timeconsuming-intervention, Belgian parents were offered choice and preferred it over use of insecticides. Before the advent of modern insecticides, chemical treatments were either of botanical origin unique to each geographical region or based on inorganic poisons and petroleumbased organics. After the Second World war, DDT was widely used for louse control, although development of DDTresistant lice and environmental concerns has led to its replacement with newer, more rapidly acting insecticides. Other pediculicides that have been used previously, but whose use has been discontinue, include benzyl benzoate, crotamiton and lindane. Pediculicides that are still in use in Europe are malathion, permethrin, carbaryl, dphenothrin, bioallethrin and synergized pyrethrins. Two other pediculicides are known to be used for treatment of head lice; deltamethrin, which has been used in Brazil, and possibly in other South American countries; and pirimiphosmethyl in the Czech Republic and Malaysia. Ivermectin is being used systemically as well as topically, although it is not registered for use against head lice by the American Food and Drug Administration. Other antiparasitic drugs that have been used against head lice are albendazole, thiabendazole, levamisole and diethylcarbamazine. Another systemic treatment that has been applied is the antibiotic cotrimoxazole.


Diagnosis of Head Lice

This small human parasite is an extremely common cause of outbreaks in schools and daycares; some experts say 1 out of every 4 school age children will get lice. Infestation with head lice is common in young children and does not imply problem with hygiene or health of child or family. Diagnosis is based on finding live louse on the head or neck. Insects are very small, move quickly and are difficult to find; they prefer to hide in hair at neck or behind ears. Finding many nits and itching can be suggestive of infestation. Lice lay their nits on the lower part of the hair shaft-within inch of the scalp-so that they stay warm to hatch. Nits found further out on hair shaft can be old and not suggestive of active infection. Nits feel firm and are difficult to pull off. Dandruff, dirt and lint can be confused with nits, but these should easily fall off hair with gentle motion. For pictures of lice and nits, please refer to the link to the Centers for Disease Control page on head lice below. If you are concerned about infestation in your child, purchasing fine-toothed nit comb is recommend. Combing through wet hair, into small 1 inch sections, starting at scalp to roots with nit comb may capture lice or remove nits. After combing each section of hair, wipe comb on a towel or rinse in a sink of water to look for dislodged insects or eggs. If your child is in a classroom with active outbreak, doing this daily or every other day will ensure you catch this infestation early. Some experts recommend weekly combing throughout the school year for young children as an effective means of prevention.


Treatment of Head Lice

NIX is the most effective over-counter product. Please follow directions on the package carefully. Follow information below about the importance of insect and nit removal by combing. This product should be repeated in 7-10 days as it will not kill all eggs which may then hatch. However, if you are very diligent about daily nit combing and see no new live insects, this step may be avoid. If you still see live, active insects 8-12 hours after using treatment shampoo / cream then your lice may be resistant. Very slow-moving, sluggish lice are in the process of dying and this means your product is working properly. These insects need to be removed as below. Please call our office during regular hours if you are concerned about resistance as we can prescribe another product.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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